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2008年图书情报硕士英语考试真题(下)

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发表于 2016-7-4 11:54:01 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2008年图书情报硕士英语考试真题
    41. The word “techies” (Line 4, Para 1)probably refers to those who are ___.
    A. afraid of technology
    B. skilled in technology
    C. ignorant of technology
    D. incompetent in technology
    42. Many people may have deliberatelyhelped Kyle because they ___.
    A. were impressed by his creativity
    B. were eager to identify with his motto
    C. liked his goal announced in advance
    D. hoped to prove the power of the Internet
    43. The Internet barter system reliesheavily on ___.
    A. the size of barter sties
    B. the use of virtual currency
    C. the quality of goods or services
    D. the location of trading companies]
    44. It is implies that Internetadvertisements can help ___.
    A. companies make more profit
    B. companies do formal exchanges
    C. media register in statistics
    D. media grade barter sites
    45. Which of the follow is true of QL2according to the author?
    A. It is criticized for doing business in a primitive way.
    B. It aims to deal with hyperinflation in some countries.
    C. It helps get rid of middlemen in trade and exchange.
    D. It is intended to evaluate the performance of trading partners.
    Questions46 to 50 are based on the following passage:
    The lives of very few Newarkresidents are untouched by violence: New Jersey's biggest city has seen it all. Yet the murderof three young people, who were forced to kneel before being shot in the backof the head in a school playground on August 4th, has shaken the city.A fourth, who survived, was stabbed and shot in the face. The four victims wereby all accounts good kids, all enrolled in college, all with a future. But thecruel murder, it seems, has at last forced Newarkers to say they have had enough.
    Grassroots organizations, like Stop Shooting, have been flooded with offers of help andsupport since the killings. Yusef Ismail, its co-founder, says the group hasbeen going door-to-door askingpeople to sign a pledge of non-violence. They hope to get 50,000 to promise to “stopshooting, start thinking, and keep living.” The Newark CommunityFoundation, which was launched last month, announced on August 14th thatit will help pay for Community Eye, a surveillance(监视) system tailored towards guncrime.
    Cory Booker who became mayor 13 months ago with a mission torevitalize the city , believes the surveillance program will be the largestcamera and audio network in any American city. More than 30 cameras wereinstalled earlier this summer and a further 50 will be installed soon in aseven-square mile area where 80% of the city's recent shootings have occurred.And more cameras are planned.
    When a gunshot is detected, the surveillance camera zooms in on thatspot. Similar technology in Chicagohas increased arrests and decreased shootings. Mr. Booker plans to announce acomprehensive gun strategy later this week.
    Mr. Booker, as well as church leaders and others, believes(orhopes)that after the murder the city will no longer stand by in coldness. For generations,Newark has beenparalyzed by poverty ----almost one in three people lives below the povertyline----and growing indifference to crime.
    Some are skeptical .Steve Malanga of theconservative Manhattan Institute notes that Newark has deep social problems: over 60% ofchildren are in homes without fathers. The school system, taken over by thestate in 1995, is a mess. But there is also some cause for hope. Since Mr.Booker was elected, there has been a rise in investment and re-zoning for development.Only around 7% of nearby Newark airport workersused to come from Newark;now, a year, the figureis 30%.Mr Booker has launched a New York-style war on crime. So far this year,crime has fallen 11% and shootings are down 30 %( through the murder rate lookslikely to match last year's high)。
    46. What happened in Newark, New Jerseyon August 4th?
    A.The Newark residents witnessed a murder.
    B. Four young people were killed in a school playground.
    C. The new mayor of Newarktook office.
    D. Four college students fell victim to violence.
    47. Judging from the context, the “CommunityEye”(Line5,Para 2)is_____
            
            
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发表于 2016-7-4 12:33:11 | 显示全部楼层
    A.a watching system for gun crime
    B. a neighborhood protection organization
    C. an unprofitable community business
    D. a grassroots organization
    48.We learn from the passage that Newark has all thefollowing problems EXCEPT_____
    A. violence
    B. flood
    C. poverty
    D. indifference
    49. Mayor Booker's effort against crimeseem to be ______
    A. idealistic
    B. impractical
    C. effective
    D. fruitless
    50. The best title for the passage may be_____
    A. Stop Shooting,Start Thinking, and Keep Living
    B. Efforts to Fight againstGun Crimes
    C. A Missionto Revitalize the City
    D. Violent Murders in Newark
    Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage:
    According to a recent survey on money and relationships, 36 percentof people are keeping a bank account from their partner. While this financialunfaithfulness may appear as distrust in a relationship , in truth it may justbe a form of financial protection.
    With almost half of allmarriages ending in divorce, men and women are realizing they need to befinancially savvy, regardless of whether they are in arelationship.
    The financial hardship on individuals after a divorce can be extremelydifficult, even more so when children are involved. The lack of permanency in relationships,jobs and family life may be the cause of a growing trend to keep a secret bankaccount hidden from a partner; in other words, an “escape fund”。
    Margaret's story is far fromunique. She is a representative of a growing number of women in long-termrelationships who are becoming protective of their own earnings.
    Every month on pay day, shebanks hundreds of dollars into a savings account she keeps from her husband.She has been doing this throughout their six-year marriage and has built a nestegg worth an incredible $100,000 on top of her pension.
    Margaret says if her husbandfound out about her secret savings he'd hurt and would interpret this as a signshe wasn't sure of the marriage.“ He'd think it was my escape fun so thatfinancially I could afford to get out of the relationship if it went wrong. Iknow you should approach marriage as being forever and I hope ours is, but youcan never be sure.”
    Like many of her fellow secret savers, Margaret was stung in aformer relationship and has since been very guarded about her own money.
    Coming clean to your partner about being a secret saver may not beall that bad. Take Colleen for example, who had been saving secretly for a fewyears before she confessed to her partner. “I decided to open a savings accountand start building a nest egg of my own. I wanted to prove to myself that Icould put money in the bank and leave it there for a rainy day.”
    “When John found out about my secret savings, he was a littlesuspicious of my motives. I reassured him that this was certainly not an escapefund that I feel very secure in out relationship. I have to admit that it doesfeel good to have my own money on reserve if ever there are rainy days in thefuture. It's sensible to build and protect your personal financial security.”
    51. The trend to keep a secret bank accountis growing because______
    A. escape fund helps one through rainy days
    B. days are getting harder and harder
    C. women are money sensitive
    D. financial conflicts oftenoccur
    52. The word “savvy”(Line2,Para 2)probably means_______
    A. suspicious
    B. secure
    C. shrewd
    D. simple
    53. Which inference can we make aboutMargaret?
    A. She is a unique woman.
    B. She was once divorced.
    C. She is going to retire.
    D. Shehas many children.
            
            
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    54. The author mentions Colleen's exampleto show_____
    A. any couple can avoid marriage conflicts
    B. privacy within marriage should be respected
    C. everyone can save a fortune with a happy marriage
    D. financial disclosure is not necessarily bad
    55. Which of the following best summarythis passage?
    A. Secret Savers
    B. LoveIs What It's Worth
    C. Banking Honesty
    D. OnceBitten, Twice Shy
    Questions56 to 60 are based on the following passage:
    “The word 'protection' is no longer taboo (禁忌语)”。 This short sentence, utteredby French President Nicolas Sarkozy last month, may have launched a new era ineconomic history. Why? For decades, Western leaders have believed that loweringtrade barriers and tariffs was a natural good. Doing so, they reasoned, wouldlead to greater economic efficiency and productivity, which in turn wouldimprove human welfare. Championing free trade thus became a moral, not just an economic,cause.
    These leaders,of course, weren't acting out of unselfishness. They knew their economies werethe most competitive, so they'd profit most from liberalization. And developingcountries feared that their economies would be swamped by superior Westernproductivity. Today, however, the tables have turned---though few acknowledgeit. The West continues to preach free trade, but practices it less and less.Asian, meanwhile, continues to plead for special protection but practices moreand more free trade.
    That's why Sarkozy's words were so important: he finally injectedsome honesty into the trade debates. The truth is that large parts of the Westare losing faith in tree trade, though few leaders admit it. Some economistsare more honest. Paul Krugman is one of the few willing to acknowledge thatprotectionist arguments are returning. In the short run, there will be winnersand losers under free trade. This, of course, is what capitalism is all about. Butmore and more of these losers will be in the West, Economists in the developedworld used to love quoting Jonoph Schumpeter, who said that 'creative destruction“was an essential part of capitalist growth. But they always assumed thatdestruction would happen over there. When Western workers began losing jobs, suddenlytheir leaders began to lose faith in their principles, Things have yet toreverse completely. But there's clearly a negative trend in a Western theoryand practice.
    A little hypocrisy (虚伪) is not in itself a serious problem. The real problem is thatWestern governments continue to insist that they retain control of the key globaleconomic and financial institutions while drifting away from globalliberalization. Lock at what's happening at the IMF (International MonetaryFund) The Europeans have demanded that they keep the post of managing director.But all too often, Western officials put their own interests above everyoneelse's when they dominate these global institutions.
    The time has therefore come for the Asians-who are clearly the newwinners in today's global economy-to provide more intellectual leadership insupporting free trade: Sadly, they have yet to do so. Unless Asians speak out,however, there's a real danger that Adam Smith's principles, which have broughtso much good to the world, could gradually die. And that would leave all of us,worse off, in one way or another.
    56. It can be inferred that ”protection“(Line 1, Para.1) means________
    A.improving economic efficiency.
    B. ending the free-trade practice
    C.lowering moral standard
    D. raising trade tariffs
    57. The Western leaders preach free trade because________
    A.it is beneficial to their economies
    B.it is supported by developing countries
    C.it makes them keep faith in their principles
    D.it is advocated by Joseph Schumpeter and Adam Smith
    58. By ”the tables have turned“ (Line3-4,Para.2) the author implies that________
    A.the Western leaders have turned self-centered
    B.the Asian leaders have become advocates of free trade
    C.the developed economies have turned less competitive
    D.the developing economies have become more independent
    59. The Western economies used to like theidea of ”creative destruction“ because it________
    A.set a long-term rather than short-turn goal
    B.was an essential part of capitalist development
    C.contained a positive rather than negative mentality
    D.was meant to be the destruction of developing economies
    60. The author uses ”IMF“ was an example toillustrate the point that_______
    A.European leaders are reluctant to admit they are hypocritical
    B.there is an inconsistency between Western theory and practice
    C.global institutions are not being led by true globalization advocates
    D.European countries' interests are being ignored by economic leaders
    Section IV
    Translation
    Directions: In this section there is aparagraph in English .Translate it into Chinese and write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2. (20points)
    The term ”business model“ first came into widespread use with theinvention of personal computer and the spreadsheet(空白表格程序)。Before the spreadsheet,business planning usually meant producing a single forecast. At best, you did alittle sensitivity analysis around the projection. The spreadsheet ushered in amuch more analytic approach to planning because every major line item could bepulled apart, its components and subcomponents analyzed and tested. You couldask what- if questions about the critical assumptions on which. your businessdepended-for example, what if customers are more price-sensitive than wethought?-and with a few keystrokes, you could see how any change would play outon every aspect of the whole. In other words, you could model the behavior of abusiness. Before the computer changed the nature of business planning, mostsuccessful business models were created more by accident than by elaboratedesign. By enabling companies to tie their marketplace insights much moretightly to the resulting economics, spread sheet made it possible to modelbusiness before they were launched.
    Section V
    Writing
    Directions: In this part, you are asked to write a composition according to theinformation below. You should write more than 150 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (20 points)
    以往许多人报考成人高校,是为了圆文凭梦。如今,手持本科、硕士文凭,回头重新考大学的大有人在。据报道,今年报名全国成人高考的上海考生中,有390名本科毕业生,15名硕士生。
    写一篇约150字左右的作文进行评论和表达自己的意见。
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