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2011年工商管理硕士英语考试真题及答案(下)

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发表于 2016-7-4 11:53:58 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2011年工商管理硕士英语考试真题及答案(下)
    Text  4
    Will the European Union make it? The question would have sounded strange not long ago. Now even the project's greatest cheerleaders talk of a continent facing a “Bermuda triangle” of debt, population decline and lower growth.
    As well as those chronic problems, the EU face an acute crisis in its economic core, the 16 countries that use the single currency. Markets have lost faith that the euro zone's economies, weaker or stronger, will one day converge thanks to the discipline of sharing a single currency, which denies uncompetitive members the quick fix of devaluation.
    Yet the debate about how to save Europe's single currency from disintegration is stuck. It is stuck because the euro zone's dominant powers, France and Germany, agree on the need for greater harmonization within the euro zone, but disagree about what to harmonies.
    Germany thinks the euro must be saved by stricter rules on borrow spending and competitiveness, barked by quasi-automatic sanctions for governments that do not obey. These might include threats to freeze EU funds for poorer regions and EU mega-projects and even the suspension of a country's voting rights in EU ministerial councils. It insists that economic co-ordination should involve all 27 members of the EU club, among whom there is a small majority for free-market liberalism and economic rigour; in the inner core alone, Germany fears, a small majority favour French interference.
    A “southern” camp headed by French wants something different: “European economic government” within an inner core of euro-zone members. Translated, that means politicians intervening in monetary policy and a system of redistribution from richer to poorer members, via cheaper borrowing for governments through common Eurobonds or complete fiscal transfers. Finally, figures close to the France government have murmured, curo-zone members should agree to some fiscal and social harmonization: e.g., curbing competition in corporate-tax rates or labour costs.
    It is too soon to write off the EU. It remains the world's largest trading block. At its best, the European project is remarkably liberal: built around a single market of 27 rich and poor countries, its internal borders are far more open to goods, capital and labour than any comparable trading area. It is an ambitious attempt to blunt the sharpest edges of globalization, and make capitalism benign.
    36. The EU is faced with so many problems that           .
    [A] it has more or less lost faith in markets
    [B] even its supporters begin to feel concerned
    [C] some of its member countries plan to abandon euro
    [D] it intends to deny the possibility of devaluation
    37. The debate over the EU's single currency is stuck because the dominant powers         .
    [A] are competing for the leading position
    [B] are busy handling their own crises
    [C] fail to reach an agreement on harmonization
    [D] disagree on the steps towards disintegration
    38. To solve the euro problem ,Germany proposed that       .
    [A] EU funds for poor regions be increased
    [B] stricter regulations be imposed
    [C] only core members be involved in economic co-ordination
    [D] voting rights of the EU members be guaranteed
    39. The French proposal of handling the crisis implies that __  __.
    [A]poor countries are more likely to get funds
    [B]strict monetary policy will be applied to poor countries
    [C]loans will be readily available to rich countries
    [D]rich countries will basically control Eurobonds
    40. Regarding the future of the EU, the author seems to feel __  __.
    [A]pessimistic
    [B]desperate
    [C]conceited
    [D]hopeful
    TEXT 4  参考答案
    36.B。推理题:第一段But后说cheerleader觉得EU 有debt,decline和lower growth。
    37.D。推理题:三段论德法对欧元区和谐上达成一致但如何和谐有分歧。
    38.B。细节题:原文对应by stricter rules on… 。
    39.A。推理题:原文对应a system of redistribution from richer to poorer members, via cheaper borrowing for governments through common Eurobonds.
    40.D。态度题:文章最后总结认为EU是world's largest trading block. 最后一句 it is an ambitious attempt to blunt the sharpest edges of globalization, and make capitalism benign都是说EU正面的信息。
            
            
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发表于 2016-7-4 12:23:10 | 显示全部楼层
    Directions:(7选5)
    In the following text, some sentences have been removed. For Questions (41-45), choose the most suitable one from the list A-G to fit into each of the numbered blank. There are two extra choices, which do not fit in any of the gaps. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)
    Such a move could affect firms such as McDonald's, which sponsors the youth coaching scheme run by the Football Association. Fast-food chains should also stop offering “inducements” such as toys, cute animals and mobile phone credit to lure young customers, Stephenson said.
    Professor Dinesh Bhugra, president of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, said: “If children are taught about the impact that food has on their growth, and that some things can harm, at least information is available up front.”
    He also urged councils to impose “fast-food-free zones” around school and hospitals-areas within which takeaways cannot open.
    A Department of Health spokesperson said: “We need to create a new vision for public health where all of society works together to get healthy and live longer. This includes creating a new 'responsibility deal' with business, built on social responsibility, not state regulation. Later this year, we will publish a white paper setting out exactly how we will achieve this.”
    The food industry will be alarmed that such senior doctors back such radical moves, especially the call to use some of the tough tactics that have been deployed against smoking over the last decade.

            
            
            
            

            [A] “fat taxes” should be imposed on fast-food producers such as McDonald’s.
            
            
            

            41.Andrew Lansley held that
            
            
            

            [B] the government should ban fast-food outlets in the neighborhood of schools.
            
            
            

            42.Terence Stephenson agreed
            
            that
            
            
            
            

            [C] “lecturing” was an effective way to improve school lunches in England.
            
            
            

            43.Jamie Oliver seemed to
            
            believe that
            
            
            
            

            [D] cigarette-style warnings should be introduced to children about the dangers of a poor diet.
            
            
            

            44.Dinesh Bhugra suggested that
            
            
            

            [E] the producers of crisps and candies could contribute significantly to the
            
            Change4Life campaign.
            
            
            
            

            45.A Department of Health
            
            Spokesperson propsed that
            
            
            
            

            [F] parents should set good examples for their children by keeping a healthy diet
            
            at home.
            
            
            
            

            
            
            
            

            [G] the government should strengthen the sense of responsibility among businesses.
            
            
            

    Part  B  参考答案
    41.E。原文第6段第2行:manufacturer of crisps… Play acentral role in the Change4life…
    42.D。原文第7段全部。
    43.C。
    44.B。原文第10段:imposefast-food-free zone。
    45.G 。原文第11段全部。
            
            
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发表于 2016-7-4 12:47:12 | 显示全部楼层
    46.Direction:
    In this section there is a text in English. Translate it into Chinese, write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15points)
    Who would have thought that, globally, the IT industry produces about the same volumes of greenhouse gases as the world's airlines do-rough 2 percent of all CO2 emissions?
    Many everyday tasks take a surprising toll on the environment. A Google search can leak between 0.2 and 7.0 grams of CO2 depending on how many attempts are needed to get the “right” answer. To deliver results to its users quickly, then, Google has to maintain vast data centres round the world, packed with powerful computers. While producing large quantities of CO2, these computers emit a great deal of heat, so the centres need to be well air-conditioned, which uses even more energy.
    However, Google and other big tech providers monitor their efficiency closely and make improvements. Monitoring is the first step on the road to reduction, but there is much to be done, and not just by big companies.
    参考答案
    从全球范围来看,有谁会想到IT 行业释放的温室气体与全球航空公司产生的一样多呢?它大约占总二氧化碳总排量的2%。
    许多日常工作对环境造成了令人震惊的破坏。根据每次你搜索并得到正确答案的尝试次数,谷歌会排放0.2至7克的二氧化碳。为了迅速将结果传递给用户,谷歌在全球设置了大量充斥着能量巨大的电脑的数据中心。这些电脑在排放大量二氧化碳的同时,也产生大量的能量。因此,这些数据中心需要良好的空调降温,这又会同时产生大量的能量。
    然而,谷歌和其他技术提供商严密检测他们的效果并不断进行改进。监控是减排的第一步,但这仍任重道远,且不仅只由大公司来承担。
    Section IV Writing
    Part A
    47 Directions:
    Suppose your cousin Li Ming has just been admitted to a university. Write him/her a letter to
    1) congratulate him/her, and
    2) give him/her suggestions on how to get prepared for university life.
    You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.
    Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Zhang Wei” instead.
    Do not write the address. (10 points)
    write a short essay baesd on the following chart.in your writing,you should:
    1)interpret the chart and
    2)give your comments
    you should write at least 150 wrods
    write your essay on answer sheet 2(15points)

1528291371.jpg

1528291371.jpg

    小作文范文
    Dear Li Ming,
    Congratulations on your success in the University Entrance Examination to be admitted to Peking University. Your hard work has paid off and we're all so proud of you.As setting out on a new journey, I guess you may have some doubts and worries. I have experienced the same with you, so I think I may be in a position to give you some suggestions. First, you need to realize that to be independent emotionally is the first step in adjusting to university life. Then, I think it is necessary to remind you that university is a diversified place where academic achievements and interpersonal skills are equally important.I wish you have a brilliant start in university life and please do not hesitate to contact me if you have any problem.
    Yours sincerely,
    Zhang Wei
    (138)
    大作文范文
    As can be seen clearly from the chart, the market share taken by domestic car brands increased rapidly from 25% in 20008 to nearly 35% in 2009, while conversely, the market share owned by Japanese car brands dropped by 10% from 35% in 2008 to 25% in 2008. What's more, the market share taken by American car brands is on the upward trend, from 10% to nearly 15%.
    Three reasons, in my opinion, can account for the changes in car market in these two years. First, the rise of Chinese cars is of little surprise as we have seen Chinese enterprises' commitment to developing self-owned technologies, which not only free them from potential risks, but also bring about long-term benefit. Second, Japanese cars, which used to be highly praised for their outstanding quality and superior stability, is now reeling from a crisis of confidence. Last, the improvement of American cars' performance must be attributed to the smart marketing strategy employed by American sellers. They launched a lot of marketing campaigns designed specially for Chinese market, which won them applaud as well as benefit.
    In order to maintain the good momentum of development, domestic cars should on one hand stick to their self-independent policy, and on the other, learn some experiences from Japanese car's failures and Americans' success.
    分析:
    今年考研英语二的作文不是很难。小作文是常见的书信体,要求写一封建议信。建议信的写法比较简单,题目也给出了写作的思路,按照题目的要求来写就可以。首先祝贺对方被大学录取,然后给出一些建议,做好准备,迎接大学的生活。最后再次祝贺对方,表达良好的愿望。
    大作文是考纲规定的图表作文。图片描述的内容是国产、日系、美系品牌汽车在2008年和2009年销售情况的变化。美系品牌汽车两年间基本没有变化,但国产汽车与日系汽车相反,前者所占的份额上升,后者所占的份额是下降的。写作的时候需要首先描述一下图片的内容,然后主要分析一下造成这种现象的原因,需要引起注意的事情等。
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