考研论坛

 找回密码
 立即注册
查看: 19|回复: 0

2017考研英语阅读做题技巧:“偷换信息”的陷阱怎么避免

[复制链接]

2万

主题

2万

帖子

8万

积分

论坛元老

Rank: 8Rank: 8

积分
87561
发表于 2016-6-27 13:21:19 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  研习考研英语阅读真题过程中,很多同学遇到不会的题目时常常采用“连连看”的做题方法,就是看看选项中出现的内容是不是在原文中提到,提到的越多,正确性就越高。殊不知,命题人就是根据大家这种做题习惯设置选项的,将原文中出现的几个没有关系的内容拼凑在一起来误导考生,所以我们自投罗网是理算当然的事情了。那么,该怎么避免这种偷换信息的陷阱呢?本文就以2005年考研英语阅读真题Text 1为例具体谈一下如何提高大家的英语阅读做题技能。
  问题:
  25.What can we infer from the last paragraph?
  [A] Monkeys can be trained to develop social emotions.
  [B] Human indignation evolved from an uncertain source.
  [C] Animals usually show their feelings openly as humans do.
  [D] Cooperation among monkeys remains stable only in the wild.
  我们可以从最后一段中推断出什么?
  [A] 猴子经过训练可以发展出社会情感
  [B] 人类义愤的来源不得而知
  [C] 动物通常能像人类一样公开地表达自己的情感
  [D] 猴子之间的合作只有在野外时才能稳定保持
  The researchers suggest that capuchin monkeys, like humans, are guided by social emotions.(研究人员指出,正如人类一样,卷尾猴也受社会情感的影响。A选项说Monkeys can be trained to develop social emotions,虽然也有social emotions但是文中不是说develop, 而是is guided by social emotion, 属于偷换了信息,错误。) In the wild, they are a co-operative, group-living species. Such co-operation is likely to be stable only when each animal feels it is not being cheated.(这里cooperation is stable的条件是each animal feels it is not being cheated,而不是only in the wild, 故[D] Cooperation among monkeys remains stable only in the wild.错误) Feelings of righteous indignation, it seems, are not the preserve of people alone.(这里说,义愤填膺的情绪不只是人类所有,但没有提到如何展露情绪,是公开地,还是其他什么方式,故[C] Animals usually show their feelings openly as humans do.错误 )Refusing a lesser reward completely makes these feelings abundantly clear to other members of the group. However, whether such a sense of fairness evolved independently in capuchins and humans, or whether it stems from the common ancestor that the species had 35 million years ago, is, as yet, an unanswered question.(但是这种公平感是在卷尾猴和人类身上各自独立演化而成,还是来自三千五百万前他们共同的祖先,这还是一个悬而未决的问题。这里的unanswered question, 表示还没有答案,和[B] Human indignation evolved from an uncertain source.的意思一致,故正确)
  综上所述,大家在做题时会遇到一些选项其中部分信息在原文中有提到,但是这些选项的内容并不符合原文内容,大家一定要非常注意这种偷换信息的出题陷阱。如果大家想了解更多考研英语中阅读题解题方法和技能,可以登录文都网校,参考研究生考试英语相关课程。
回复

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 立即注册

本版积分规则

小黑屋|手机版|Archiver|新都网 ( 京ICP备09058993号 )

GMT+8, 2021-2-28 14:22 , Processed in 0.042841 second(s), 7 queries , WinCache On.

Powered by Discuz! X3.4

© 2001-2017 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表