考研论坛

 找回密码
 立即注册
查看: 151|回复: 3

2019年考研英语作文常考8类主题词盘点

[复制链接]

33万

主题

33万

帖子

100万

积分

论坛元老

Rank: 8Rank: 8

积分
1007237
发表于 2018-12-13 22:20:32 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
英语考场上最痛苦的事情,可能就是作文要求看得懂,写作思路也清晰,但是,最核心的主题词不会写!大写的尴尬在脸上。快和中公考研小编一起复习一下,那些常考作文主题词,临阵磨枪,又快又光。
  ►精神品质类(极重要)
  注:是考查频度最高的话题。是绝对的重点。
  team spirit:团队精神
  teamwork:团队合作
  strengthen mutual cooperation:增强相互合作
  cultivate the atmosphere of teamwork:形成团队精神
  patience:耐心
  prudence:谨慎
  persistence/perseverance:恒心/毅力/坚持 —— 对应:give up halfway(半途而废)
  endeavor:努力
  diligence/painstaking efforts:勤奋
  self-dependence/self-reliance/independence:自立
  innovation/creativity/critical thinking:创新
  self-confidence:自信(lack of confidence:缺乏自信)
  modesty:谦虚
  striving spirit:奋斗精神
  the spirit of competition:拼搏精神
  aggressive:有进取心的
  strong-willed:意志坚强的
  tireless:孜孜不倦的
  persevering:不屈不挠的
  consistent:始终如一的
  adversity and hardship:逆境和苦难
  a sense of achievement:成就感
  sense of honor:荣誉感
  entertain great ambitions:胸怀抱负
  reap without sowing:不劳而获
  haste makes waste:欲速则不达
  utilitarian:功利的,急功近利的
  actions:行动(take actions:付诸行动)
  down-to-earth:务实的
  thrift:勤俭
  honesty:诚信
  respect the old and care for the young:尊老爱幼
  curiosity:充满好奇
  spirit of the craftsman/craftsman's spirit/craftsmanship spirit:工匠精神
  striving for the best/striving for excellence:精益求精
  ►道德类(极重要)
  public morality:公德
  devotion/dedication:奉献
  charity:慈善
  duty/responsibility:责任
  sense of responsibility:责任感
  shoulder/assume/undertake one's duties/responsibility:承担责任
  avoid/shirk/shun one's duties/responsibility:逃避责任
  traditional virtues:传统美德
  practice filial piety:奉行孝道
  selfless devotion:无私奉献
  Patriotism:爱国主义
  comply with the law/observation of the law:遵守法律
  comply with public morality:遵守公德
  follow the morals:按道德行事
  improve public morals:改进社会风气
  safeguard public morals:维护公共道德
  injure public morality:损害公共道德
  be public-spirited:有公德心的
  the corruption of public morality:公德堕落
  the lack of moral sense:道德缺失
  the crisis of trust:信任危机
  spit everywhere:随地吐痰
  make noise/talk loudly:大声喧哗
  littering:乱丢垃圾
  empty promise:空洞承诺
  false promise:虚假承诺
  compete for benefits:争抢利益
  unfair competitions:不公平竞争
  consumers' rights and interests:消费者权益
  disregard the public rules:无视公共规章
  break/violate public regulations:违反公共规章
  benevolence:善心仁慈
  with heart and soul:全心全意
  amicable:友好的
  charitable:宽厚的
  credibility:信誉,美誉
  fake commodities:伪劣产品
  dishonest behaviors:欺诈行为
  unaffordable prices of medicines:药价虚高
  academic corruption:学术腐败
  plagiarism:剽窃抄袭
  excessive growth:过度上涨
  illegal ads:非法广告
  food safety:食品安全
  misdeed/misconduct:不良行为
  spirit of contact:契约精神
  volunteer/volunteering/volunteering service:志愿者/志愿者活动/志愿服务
  volunteer spirit:志愿者精神
回复

使用道具 举报

0

主题

7708

帖子

1万

积分

论坛元老

Rank: 8Rank: 8

积分
16188
发表于 2018-12-13 23:35:43 | 显示全部楼层

  ►家庭类或两代关系类(重要)
  注:1992年以来,家庭类话题在英语(一)大作文中考过5次,是重要的考查话题。最近一次考的是在2016年。
  mutual understanding:相互理解
  aging society:老龄化社会
  population aging:人口老龄化
  generation gap:代沟
  widen/expand generation gap:扩大代沟
  narrow/bridge generation gap:消除代沟
  chauvinism:大男子主义
  career women:职业妇女
  domestic/family violence:家庭暴力
  foster/raise/breed/nurture/bring up:抚养
  household chores:繁杂家务
  spoil children/dote on children:溺爱孩子
  over-indulgence:纵容溺爱
  only child:独生子女
  the universal two-child policy:全面二孩政策
  例:The aging trend would be actively addressed by the universal two-child policy.(全面二孩政策将有效应对人口老龄化趋势)
  boomerang kids/the NEET group(NEET=Not currently engaged in Education, Employment or Training):啃老族
  a well-off family:小康之家
  nuclear famaily:核心家庭
  a single-parent family:单亲家庭
  one's later years/one's remaining years:晚年
  filial piety:孝道
  practice filial piety/fulfill filial duty:奉行孝道
  support(take care of/sustain) the elderly(the old/the aged/the senior/aged parents/the old and infirm parents):赡养老人
  show solicitude for parents:关心父母
  mistreat/ill-treat/maltreat parents:虐待父母
  cousin:堂兄妹,表兄妹
  offspring:后代,后辈
  ancestor:祖先
  heir:继承人
  ►环保类(重要)
  注:1992年以来,环保类话题在英语(一)大作文中已考过3次,是重要的考查话题。
  environment-friendly:生态环保的
  conserve natural habitats:保护生存环境
  animal rights activist:动物权益保护者
  natural reserve:自然保护区
  natural resources:自然资源
  energy conservation and environmental protection:节能环保
  biodiversity:生物多样性
  extinction:灭绝
  wind breaks:防风林
  sand breaks:防沙林
  climate change:气候变化
  greenhouse effect:温室效应
  threat of global warming:全球变暖的威胁
  develop renewable resources:开发可再生资源
  low-carbon economy:低碳经济
  low-carbon lifestyle:低碳生活方式
  environmental awareness:环境意识
  deforestation:森林消失
  landslide:山体滑坡
  biodegradable:可生物降解的
  environment-friendly(eco-friendly) products:环保产品
  household garbage:生活垃圾
  waste sorting/garbage classification:垃圾分类
  motor vehicle pollution:汽车尾气污染
  reduce exhaust emission from cars/automobiles:减少汽车尾气的排放
  low-emission cars:小排量汽车
  high-emission cars:大排量汽车
  public transport:公共交通
  green commuting:绿色出行
  water and soil erosion:水土流失
  soot emissions:烟尘排放
  sea water desalinization:海水淡化
  eco-demonstration region:生态示范区
  Nationally Designated Garden City:国家级园林城市
  create pleasant living environment:创造怡人的生活环境
  air pollution:空气污染
  degradation/deterioration of air quality:空气质量恶化
  discharge/emit poisonous/toxic gas:排放有毒气体
  acid rain:酸雨
  drought:干旱
  sandstorm:沙尘暴
  toxic waste:有毒废物
  industrial waste:工业废物
  sewage treatment:污水处理
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

0

主题

7708

帖子

1万

积分

论坛元老

Rank: 8Rank: 8

积分
16188
发表于 2018-12-14 00:29:26 | 显示全部楼层

  ►健康类
  注:只在1996、1997这两年考过。健康类话题英语(二)考查的可能性比较大。
  physical health/fitness/well-being:生理健康
  mental/psychological health/fitness/well-being:心理健康
  improve/enhance physical(psychological) health:增进生理(心理)健康
  hurt/damage physical(psychological)health:损害生理(心理)健康
  health concern:健康问题
  state of health:健康状况
  sub-health:亚健康
  public health:公共卫生
  state of mind:心态
  physical exercises:体育锻炼
  well-balanced diet:均衡饮食
  sacrifice health:牺牲健康
  junk food:垃圾食品
  food additives:食品添加剂
  go on a diet:节食,减肥
  arrhythmia:心律不齐
  indigestion:消化不良
  vaccinate:打疫苗
  infectious disease/illness:传染病
  chronic disease/illness:慢性病
  non-acclimatization:水土不服
  relapse:复发症
  stupor:昏迷
  nearsightedness/myopia/short-sightedness:近视
  malnutrition:营养不良
  chill:打冷战
  ►文化类(重要)
  注:文化类话题是英语(一)大作文的高频考查话题,1992年以来已考过4次,最近一次是在2010年(文化火锅)。截至目前,已有7年未考了,2018考研务必重视这个话题。
  culture and civilization:文化和文明
  The cultural blending/integration/fusion:文化融合
  cultural exchanges/interaction/interchange:文化交流
  cultural diversity:文化多元化
  multiculturalism:多元文化
  cultural identity:文化特性
  cultural treasures:文化宝藏
  cultural heritage/legacy:文化遗产
  cultural relics:文物
  cultural facilities:文化设施
  cultural devolution:文化退化
  cultural insights:文化视角
  traditional Chinese culture/national culture:民族(传统)文化
  alien/foreign culture:外国文化
  Chinese cultural symbols:中国文化的符号
  advocate/carry forward traditional culture:弘扬传统文化
  preserve and cherish traditions:保存和珍惜传统
  undermine traditions:破坏传统
  great and profound:博大精深的
  public literature:大众文学
  light literature:通俗文学
  local customs and practices:风土人情
  cross-cultural communication:跨文化交流
  spiritual civilization:精神文明
  break with old customs:抛弃传统
  hand down from generation to generation:代代相传
  minority:少数民族
  national pride:民族自豪
  original:原始原创的
  charming:极具魅力的
  splendid:壮丽辉煌的
  talk show:谈话节目
  crash:碰撞
  collection:收藏品
  mahjong:麻将
  Peking/Beijing opera:京剧
  Tang Suit:唐装
  folk art:民间艺术
  paper-cut:剪纸
  Confucius Institute:孔子学院
  Chinese craze:中国热
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

0

主题

7652

帖子

1万

积分

论坛元老

Rank: 8Rank: 8

积分
16082
发表于 2018-12-14 01:21:35 | 显示全部楼层

  ►教育类
  注:教育类话题英语(二)考查的可能性比较大。
  compulsory education:义务教育
  life-long education:终身教育
  exam/test-oriented education:应试教育
  quality education:素质教育
  well-rounded development of a child:全面发展
  balanced development of a child:均衡发展
  cultural quality:文化素质
  impart knowledge and educate people:教书育人
  dropout student:失学儿童
  intellectual property:知识产权
  law education:法制教育
  teach students according to their aptitude:因材施教
  force-feeding method of teaching:填鸭式教学
  academic/theoretical knowledge:理论知识
  practical skills:实用技能
  integrate theory with practice:理论联系实际
  disconnect theory from practice:理论脱离实际
  shape/mould one's character:塑造性格
  extra-curricular activities:课外活动
  the spirit of exploration:探索精神
  cultivate (nurture, foster) creative/original thinking:培养创新思维
  stifle/constrain/extinguish creativity:扼杀创造力
  sap/dampen student's interest in sth.:挫伤学生对某事的兴趣
  opening ceremony:开学典礼
  key school:重点中学
  private school:私立学校
  public school:公立学校
  eliminate illiteracy:扫盲
  miss a class:缺课
  cut a class:旷课
  drop out:辍学
  quit school:退学
  assistantship:助学金
  scholarship:奖学金
  university graduates:大学毕业生
  pursue post-graduate study/take part in the entrance exams for postgraduates:考研
  study abroad/go abroad for further education:出国留学
  excessive/undue academic pressure:过大的学习压力
  the burden of study/learning:学习负担
  ease/relieve academic pressure:缓解学习压力
  intensify academic pressure:增强学习压力
  academic atmosphere:学习气氛
  ►经济类
  注:经济类话题英语(二)考查的可能性比较大。
  economic globalization:经济全球化
  recession/bleeding economy:经济不景气
  economic/financial crisis:经济/金融危机
  the fallout of economic/financial crisis:经济/金融危机的影响
  economic recovery:经济复苏
  economic prosperity:经济繁荣
  spur/stimulate economic development:刺激经济发展
  hinder/impede economic development:阻碍经济发展
  job market:就业市场
  look for/hunt for/seek a job:找工作
  job seeker:求职者
  a tough job market:严峻的就业形势
  unrealistic salary expectations:不切实际的薪资期望
  pursue a high-paid job:追求高薪工作
  without/lack of practical experience/hands-on experience/practical abilities/vocational skills/career skills:没有或缺乏实践经验/实践能力/职业技能
  lose one's job/be unemployed:失业
  job losses mount, unemployment climbs:失业加剧
  unemployment:失业人数
  generate/create/afford job opportunities/employment opportunities:创造/提供就业机会
  career guidance:就业指导
  decline/recession/depression:萎缩/衰退/萧条
  bubble economy:泡沫经济
  demand exceed supply:供不应求
  turn loss into gains:转亏为盈
  stabilize prices:稳定物价
  unfair competition:不正当竞争
  fierce/intense/furious/cut-throat competition:激烈竞争
  fake and inferior product:假冒伪劣产品
  after-sale service:售后服务
  enterprise image:企业形象
  brand effect:品牌效应
  over-consuming:超前消费
  reduce the funding for...:减少经费
  lift/elevate people's standard of living:提高人们的生活水平
  lower citizens' standard of living:降低居民生活水平
  eliminate poverty:消除贫困
  expand the gap between the wealthy and the needy:扩大贫富差距
  increase/expand domestic demand:扩大内需
  spur/stimulate consumption:刺激消费
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 立即注册

本版积分规则

小黑屋|手机版|Archiver|新都网 ( 京ICP备09058993号 )

GMT+8, 2019-12-10 19:23 , Processed in 0.046099 second(s), 7 queries , WinCache On.

Powered by Discuz! X3.4

© 2001-2017 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表