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2012考研英语考前必备模拟题4_跨考网

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发表于 2018-12-8 12:34:38 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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           据相关调查统计显示,以就业为导向,想要提高自身就业筹码而选择考研的考生占整体的近70%,准备开启2020考研征程的你,是为了什么而一往无前呢?为了给自己一个选择的机会,也为了更了解将来就业企业的择人标准,你需要趁这个寒假为考研开启预热模式——跨考寒假预科班,15天集训,直接定校定专业,让你全年的复习不再左摇右摆浪费时间!
          
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    这些相似的考研专业都有什么区别?跨专业考研难度较大的六大专业

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    发表于 2018-12-8 13:24:45 | 显示全部楼层

                            
    Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

    Part
    A

    Directions:
    Read the following four texts. Answer the
    questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER
    SHEET 1. (40 points)

    Text
    1
    As a young bond trader, Buttonwood was given two pieces of advice,
    trading rules of thumb, if you will: that bad economic news is good news for
    bond markets and that every utterance
    dropping from the lips of Paul Volcker, the then chairman of the Federal
    Reserve, and the man who restored  the
    central bank’s credibility by stomping
    on runaway inflation, should be respected than Pope’s orders. Today’s
    traders are, of course, a more sophisticated bunch. But the advice still seems
    good, apart from two slight drawbacks. The first is that the well-chosen
    utterances from the present chairman of the Federal Reserve, Alan Greenspan, is
    of more than passing difficulty. The second is that, of late, good news for the
    economy has not seemed to upset bond investors all that much. For all  the cheer that has crackled down the wires,
    the yield on ten-year bonds—which you would expect to rise on good economic news—is now, at
    4.2%, only two-fifths of a percentage point higher than it was at the start of
    the year. Pretty much unmoved, in other words.
    Yet the news from the economic front has been better by far than
    anyone could have expected. On Tuesday November 25th, revised numbers showed
    that America’s economy grew by an annual 8.2% in the third quarter, a full
    percentage point more than originally thought, driven by the
    ever-spendthrift  American consumer and,
    for once, corporate investment. Just about every other piece of information
    coming out from special sources shows the same strength. New houses are still
    being built at a fair clip. Exports are rising, for all the protectionist
    crying. Even employment, in what had been mocked as a jobless recovery,
    increased by 125,000 or thereabouts in September and October. Rising corporate
    profits, low credit spreads and the biggest-ever rally in the junk-bond market
    do not, on the face of  it, suggest
    anything other than a deep and long-lasting recovery. Yet Treasury-bond yields
    have fallen.
    If the rosy economic backdrop makes this odd, making it doubly odd
    is an apparent absence of foreign demand. Foreign buyers of Treasuries,
    especially Asian certral banks, who had been swallowing American government
    debt like there was no tomorrow, seem to have had second thoughts  lately. In September, according to the latest
    available figures, foreigners bought only $56 billion of Treasuries,
    compared with $25.1 billion the previous month and an average of $38.7 billion
    in the preceding four months. In an effort to keep a lid on the yen’s rise, the
    Japanese central bank is still busy buying dollars and parking the money in
    government debt. Just about everyboby else seems to have been selling.
    1. The advice for Buttonwood suggests that _____.
    [A] Paul
    Volcker enjoyed making comments on controlling inflation
    [B] the Federal
    Reserve has an all-capable power over inflation control
    [C] economy has
    the greatest influence upon the daily life of ordinary people
    [D] the
    economic sphere and bond markets are indicative of each other
    2. The word “passing”(Line 7, Paragraph 1) most probably means_____.
    [A] instant                  [B] trivial            [C] simple           [D] negligible
    3. Which of the following is responsible for the rapid economic
    growth in the US?
    [A] Domestic
    consumers.                            [B] Foreign
    investments.
    [C] Real estate
    market.                      [D] Recovering
    bond market.
    4. According to the last paragraph, most Asian central banks are
    becoming _____.
    [A] rather
    regretful                              [B] less
    ambitious
    [C] more
    cautious                                 [D] speculative
    5. The phrase “keep a lid on”(Line 6, Paragraph 3) most probably
    means_____.
    [A] put an end
    to                                 [B] set a limit
    on
    [C] tighten the
    control over               [D] reduce the
    speed of
    Text
    2
    We’re moving into another era, as the toxic effects of the bubble
    and its grave consequences spread through the financial system. Just a couple
    of years ago investors dreamed of 20 percent returns forever. Now surveys show
    that they’re down to a “realistic”8 percent to 10 percent range.
    But what if the next few years turn out to be below normal
    expectations? Martin Barners of the Bank Credit Analyst in Montreal expects future stock returns to
    average just 4 percent to 6 percent. Sound impossible? After a much smaller
    bubble that burst in the mid-1960s Standard & Poor’s 5000 stock average returned
    6.9 percent a year (with dividends reinvested) for the following 17 years. Few
    investors are prepared for that.
    Right now denial seems to be the attitude of choice. That’s typical,
    says Lori Lucas of Hewitt, the consulting firm. You hate to look at your
    investments when they’re going down. Hewitt tracks 500,000 401 (k) accounts
    every day, and finds that savers are keeping their contributions up. But they’re
    much less inclined to switch their money around. “It’s the
    slot-machine effect,” Lucas says. “People get more interested in playing when they think they’ve got a
    hot machine”—and nothing’s hot today. The average investor feels overwhelmed.
    Against all common sense, many savers still shut their eyes to the
    dangers of owning too much company stock. In big companies last year, a
    surprising 29 percent of employees held at least three quarters of their 402
    (k) in their own stock.
    Younger employees may have no choice. You often have to wait until
    you’re 50 or 55 before you can sell any company stock you get as a matching
    contribution.
    But instead of getting out when they can, old participants have been
    holding, too. One third of the people 60 and up chose company stock for three
    quarters of their plan, Hewitt reports. Are they inattentive? Loyal to a fault?
    Sick? It’s as if Lucent, Enron and Xerox never happened.
    No investor should give his or her total trust to any particular
    company’s stock. And while you’re at it, think how you’d be if future stock
    returns—averaging good years and bad—are as poor as Barnes
    predicts.
    If you ask me, diversified stocks remain good for the long run, with
    a backup in bonds. But I, too, am figuring on reduced returns. What a shame.
    Dear bubble, I’ll never forget. It’s the end of a grand affair.
    1. The investors’ judgment of the present stock returns seems to be
    _____.
    [A] fanciful                  [B] pessimistic           [C] groundless            [D] realistic
    2. In face of the current stock market, most stock-holders_____.
    [A] stop
    injecting more money into the stock market
    [B] react
    angrily to the devaluing stock
    [C] switch
    their money around in the market
    [D] turn a deaf
    ear to the warning
    3. In the author’s opinion, employees should _____.
    [A] invest in
    company stock to show loyalty to their employer
    [B] get out of
    their own company’s stock
    [C] wait for
    some time before disposing of their stock
    [D] give trust
    to a particular company’s stock
    4. It can be inferred from the text that Lucent, Enron and Xerox are
    names of _____.
    [A] successful
    businesses
    [B] bankrupted
    companies
    [C] stocks
    [D] huge
    corporations
    5. The author’s attitude towards the long-term investors’ decision
    is _____.
    [A] positive                 [B] suspicious             [C] negative                [D] ambiguous
                            
                       转眼间霜降已过,一阵阵北风让树叶纷纷凋落,2019的考生即将迎来考验的大时刻,这个阶段更要稳住步伐不慌不乱,跨小考期待与你考后在跨考教育导师库相见,那时再为已经通过初试,准备复试的你助力!
           据相关调查统计显示,以就业为导向,想要提高自身就业筹码而选择考研的考生占整体的近70%,准备开启2020考研征程的你,是为了什么而一往无前呢?为了给自己一个选择的机会,也为了更了解将来就业企业的择人标准,你需要趁这个寒假为考研开启预热模式——跨考寒假预科班,15天集训,直接定校定专业,让你全年的复习不再左摇右摆浪费时间!
          
           小编整理了历年考研真题及答案解析,关注微信公众号:跨考考研,回复“真题”即可获得,说不定还能找到一起上自习的研友哦!
    2019秋季整合提升方案
    2019考研公共课秋季整合2019最新考研政治大纲公共课考研大纲变动汇总
    2019年考研政治《思修法基》练习试题及答案汇总【跨考名师精品】2019考研必读:复习方法及真题热点解读
    2020考研择校则专业必知就业率高的十大考研专业推荐34所自主划线高校历年复试分数线(2012-2018)
    这些相似的考研专业都有什么区别?跨专业考研难度较大的六大专业

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    发表于 2018-12-8 13:40:26 | 显示全部楼层

                            
    Text
    3
    What accounts for the astounding popularity of Dr.Phil McGraw? Why
    have so many TV viewers and book buyers embraced this tough warrior of a
    psychologist who tells them to suck it up and deal with their own problems
    rather than complaining and blaming everyone else? Obviously, Oprah Winfrey has
    a lot to do with it. She made him famous with regular appearances on her show,
    and is co-producing the new “Dr.Phil” show that’s likely to be the hottest new daytime offering this
    fall. But we decided to put Dr. Phil on the cover not just because he’s a
    phenomenon. We think his success may reflect an interesting shift in the
    American spirit of time. Could it be that we’re finally getting tired of the
    culture of victimology?
    This is a tricky subject, because there are very sad real victims
    among us. Men still abuse women in alarming numbers. Racism and discrimination
    persist in subtle and not-so-subtle forms. But these days, almost anyone can
    find a therapist or lawyer to assure them that their professional relationship
    or health problems aren’t their fault. As Marc Peyser tells us in his terrific
    profile of Dr. Phil, the TV suits were initially afraid audiences would be
    offended by his stern advice to “get real!” In fact, viewers thirsted for the tough talk. Privately, we all
    know we have to take responsibility for decisions we control. It may not be
    revolutionary advice (and may leave out important factors like unconscious
    impulses). But it’s still an important message with clear echoing as, a year
    later, we contemplate the personal lessons of September 11.
    Back at the ranch (livestock farm)—the one in Crawford,
    Texas—President Bush continued to issue mixed signals on Iraq. He finally
    promised to consult allies and Congress before going to war, and signaled an
    attack isn’t coming right now (“I’m a patient man”). But so far there has been little consensus-building, even as the
    administration talks of “regime change” and positions troops in the gulf. Bush’s team also ridiculed the
    press for giving so much coverage to the Iraq issue. Defense Secretary Rumsfeld
    called it a “frenzy,” and Press Secretary Ari Fleischer dismissed it as “self-inflicted
    silliness.” But as Michael Hirsh notes in our lead story, much of the debate
    has been inside the Republican Party, where important voices of experience
    argue Bush needs to prepare domestic and world opinion and think through the
    global consequences before moving forward. With so much at stake, the media
    shouldn’t pay attention? Now who’s being silly?
    1. Faced with diversified issues of injustice, Dr. Phil McGraw
    advised that people should __.
    [A] strongly
    voice their condemnation of those responsible
    [B] directly
    probe the root of their victimization
    [C] carefully
    examine their own problems
    [D] sincerely
    express their sympathy for the victims
    2. One possible response, when the program “Dr. Phil” was first
    presented on TV, that people were afraid of was _____.
    [A] suspicion
    [B]
    satisfaction
    [C]
    indifference
    [D] indignation
    3. The word “tough”(Line 7, Paragraph 2) most probably means_____.
    [A] piercing to
    the truth
    [B] using
    vulgar language
    [C] mean and
    hostile
    [D] difficult
    to understand
            [tr]
            [td]2019秋季整合提升方案[/td]
            [/tr]
            [tr]
            [td]2019考研公共课秋季整合[/td]
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            [/tr]
            [tr]
            [td]2019年考研政治《思修法基》练习试题及答案汇总[/td]
            [td]【跨考名师精品】2019考研必读:复习方法及真题热点解读[/td]
            [/tr]
            [tr]
            [td]2020考研择校则专业必知[/td]
            [td]就业率高的十大考研专业推荐[/td]
            [td]34所自主划线高校历年复试分数线(2012-2018)[/td]
            [/tr]
            [tr]
            [td]这些相似的考研专业都有什么区别?[/td]
            [td]跨专业考研难度较大的六大专业[/td]
            [/tr]
    [/table]
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