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2014年考研英语冲刺:英语一新题型押题_跨考网

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发表于 2018-12-8 12:34:37 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  新题型
      一、七选五或填空式阅读
      Passage1
      English has become the world’s number one language in the 20th century. In
every country where is not the native language, especially in the Third World,
people must strive to learn it to the best of their abilities, if they want to
participate fully in the development of their countries.41)__________.
      42) __________.Nonetheless, a world full of different language will
disappear if the present trend in many countries to use English to replace the
national or official languages in education, trade and even politics
continues.43) __________ .
      The Third World countries that are now using English as a medium of
instruction are depriving 75 per cent of their future leaders of a proper
education. According to many studies, only around 20 to 25 per cent of students
in these countries can manage to learn the language of instruction as well as
basic subjects at the same time. Many leaders of these Third World countries are
obsessed with English and for them English is everything. They seem to believe
that if the students speak English, they are already knowledgeable.44)
__________ .
      All the greatest countries of the world are great because they constantly
use their own languages in all national development activities, including
education. From a psychological point of view, those who are taught in their own
language from the start will develop better self-confidence and self-reliance.
From a linguistic point of view, the best brains can only be produced if
students are educated in their own language from the start.45) __________.
      There is nothing wrong, however, in learning a foreign language at advanced
levels of education. But the best thing to do is to have a good education in
one’s native language first, then go abroad to have a university in a foreign
language.
      A) If this situation continues, the native or official languages of these
countries will certainly die within two or three generations. This phenomenon
has been called linguistic genocide. A language dies if it is not fully used in
most activities, particularly as a medium of instruction in schools.
      B) Those who are taught in a foreign language form the start will tend to
be imitators and lack self-confidence. They will tend to rely on foreign
consultants.
      C) Suppose you work in a big firm and find and find English very important
for your job because you often deal with foreign businessmen. Now you are
looking a place where you can improve your English, especially your spoken
English.
      D) But many people are concerned that English’s dominance will destroy
native languages.
      E) These leaders speak and write English much better than their national
languages. If these leaders deliver speeches anywhere in the world they use
English and they feel more at home with it and proud of their ability as well.
The citizens of their countries do not understand their leader’s speeches
because they are made in a foreign language.
      F) Here are some advertisements about English language training from
newspapers. You may find the information you need.
      G) A close examination reveals a great number of languages have fallen
casualty to English. For example, it has wiped out Hawaiian, Welsh, Scotch
Gaelic, Irish, native American languages, and many others. Luckily, some of
these languages are now being revived, such as Hawaiian and Welsh, and these
languages will live again, hopefully, if dedicated people continue their work of
reviving them.
      2014年考研冲刺备考专题
      2014年考研试题答案-跨考教育考后首发
                        
                   转眼间霜降已过,一阵阵北风让树叶纷纷凋落,2019的考生即将迎来考验的大时刻,这个阶段更要稳住步伐不慌不乱,跨小考期待与你考后在跨考教育导师库相见,那时再为已经通过初试,准备复试的你助力!
       据相关调查统计显示,以就业为导向,想要提高自身就业筹码而选择考研的考生占整体的近70%,准备开启2020考研征程的你,是为了什么而一往无前呢?为了给自己一个选择的机会,也为了更了解将来就业企业的择人标准,你需要趁这个寒假为考研开启预热模式——跨考寒假预科班,15天集训,直接定校定专业,让你全年的复习不再左摇右摆浪费时间!
      
       小编整理了历年考研真题及答案解析,关注微信公众号:跨考考研,回复“真题”即可获得,说不定还能找到一起上自习的研友哦!
2019秋季整合提升方案
2019考研公共课秋季整合2019最新考研政治大纲公共课考研大纲变动汇总
2019年考研政治《思修法基》练习试题及答案汇总【跨考名师精品】2019考研必读:复习方法及真题热点解读
2020考研择校则专业必知就业率高的十大考研专业推荐34所自主划线高校历年复试分数线(2012-2018)
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发表于 2018-12-8 12:47:31 | 显示全部楼层

                        
      Passage 2
      In 1959 the average American family paid $ 989 for a year’s supply of food.
In 1972 the family paid $1,311. That was a price increase of nearly one –third.
Every family has had this sort of experience. Everyone agrees that the cost of
feeding a family has risen sharply. But there is less agreement when reasons for
the rise are being discussed. Who is really responsible?
      Many blame the farmers who produce the vegetables, fruit, meat, eggs, and
cheese that stores offer for sale. According to the U.S. Department of
Agriculture, the farmer’s share of the $1,311 spent by the family in 1972 was
$521. This was 31 percent more than the farmer had received in 1959.
      But farmers claim that this increase was very small compared to the
increase in their cost of living. Farmers tend to blame others for the sharp
rise in food prices. They particularly blame those who process the farm products
after the products leave the farm. These include truck drivers, meat packers,
manufacturers of packages and other food containers, and the owners of stores
where food is sold. 41) __________.
      Of the $1,311 family food bill in 1972, middlement received $ 790, which
was 33 percent more than they had received in 1959. It appears that the
middlemen’s profit has increased more than farmer’s. But some economists claim
that the middleman’s actual profit was very law. According to economists at the
First National City Bank, the profit for meat packers and food stores amounted
to less than one per cent. During the same period all other manufacturers were
making a profit of more than 5 per cent.42) __________ .
      43) __________ .
      Vegetables and chicken cost more when they have been cut into pieces by
someone other than the one who buys it. A family should expect to pay more when
several “TV dinners” are taken home from the store. These are fully cooked
meals, consisting of meat, vegetables, and sometimes desert, all arranged on a
metal dish. The dish is put into the over and heated while the housewife is
doing something else. Such a convenience costs money. 44) __________.
      Economists remind us many modern housewives have jobs outside the home.
They earn money that helps to pay the family food bills. The housewife naturally
has less time and energy for cooking after a day’s work. She wants to buy many
kinds of food that can be put on her family’s table easily and quickly. 45)
__________ .
      It appears that the answer to the question for rising prices is not a
simple one. Producers, consumers, and middlemen all share the responsibility for
the sharp rise in food costs.
      A) Thus, as economists point out:” Some of the basic reasons for widening
food price spreads are easily traceable to the increasing use of convenience
foods, which transfer much of the time and work of meal preparation from the
kitchen to the food processor’s plant.”
      B) They are among the “middlemen” who stand between the farmer and the
people who buy and eat the food. Are middlemen the ones to blame for rising food
prices?
      C) “If the housewife wants all of these.” The economists say, “that is her
privilege, but she must be prepared to pay for the services of the those who
make her work easier.”
      D) Who then is actually responsible for the size of the bill a housewife
must pay before she carries the food home from the store? The economists at
First National City Bank have an answer to give housewives, but many people will
not like it. These economists blame the housewife herself for the jump in food
prices. They say that food costs more now because women don’t want to spend much
time in the kitchen. Women prefer to buy food which has already been prepared
before it reaches the market.
      E) However, some economists believe that controls can have negative effects
over a long period of time. In cities with rent control, the city government
sets the maximum rent that a landlord can charge for an apartment.
      F) Economists do not agree on some of the predictions. They also do not
agree on the value of different decisions. Some economists support a particular
decision while others criticize it.
      G) By comparison with other members of the economic system both farmers and
middlemen have profited surprisingly little from the rise in food prices.
      Passage3
      Growing cooperation among branches of tourism has proved valuable to all
concerned. Government bureaus, trade and travel association carriers and
properties are all working together to bring about optimum conditions for
travelers.
      41) __________.They distribute materials to agencies, such as journals,
brochures and advertising projects.42) __________ .
      Tourist counselors give valuable seminars to acquaint agents with new
programs and techniques in selling. 43) __________ .
      Properties and agencies work closely together to make the most suitable
contracts, considering both the comfort of the clients and their own profitable
financial arrangement. 44) __________ .
      45) __________.Carriers are dependent upon agencies to supply passengers,
and agencies are dependent upon carriers to present them with marketable tours.
All services must work together for greater efficiency, fair pricing and
contented customers.
      A) The same confidence exists between agencies and carriers including
car-rental and sight-seeing services.
      B) They offer familiarization and workshop tours so that in a short time
agents can obtain first-hand knowledge of the tours.
      C) Travel operators, specialists in the field of planning, sponsor
extensive research programs. They have knowledge of all areas and all carrier
services, and they are experts in organizing different types of tours and in
preparing effective advertising campaigns.
      D) As a result of teamwork, tourism is flouring in all countries.
      E) Agencies rely upon the good services of hotels, and , conversely, hotels
rely upon
      agencies, to fulfill their contracts and to send them clients.
      F) In this way agents learn to explain destinations and to suggest
different modes and combinations of travel- Planes, ships, trains, motorcoaches,
car-rentals, and even car purchases.
      G) Consequently, the agencies started to pay more attention to the comfort
of travel.
      2014年考研冲刺备考专题
      2014年考研试题答案-跨考教育考后首发
                        
                   转眼间霜降已过,一阵阵北风让树叶纷纷凋落,2019的考生即将迎来考验的大时刻,这个阶段更要稳住步伐不慌不乱,跨小考期待与你考后在跨考教育导师库相见,那时再为已经通过初试,准备复试的你助力!
       据相关调查统计显示,以就业为导向,想要提高自身就业筹码而选择考研的考生占整体的近70%,准备开启2020考研征程的你,是为了什么而一往无前呢?为了给自己一个选择的机会,也为了更了解将来就业企业的择人标准,你需要趁这个寒假为考研开启预热模式——跨考寒假预科班,15天集训,直接定校定专业,让你全年的复习不再左摇右摆浪费时间!
      
       小编整理了历年考研真题及答案解析,关注微信公众号:跨考考研,回复“真题”即可获得,说不定还能找到一起上自习的研友哦!
2019秋季整合提升方案
2019考研公共课秋季整合2019最新考研政治大纲公共课考研大纲变动汇总
2019年考研政治《思修法基》练习试题及答案汇总【跨考名师精品】2019考研必读:复习方法及真题热点解读
2020考研择校则专业必知就业率高的十大考研专业推荐34所自主划线高校历年复试分数线(2012-2018)
这些相似的考研专业都有什么区别?跨专业考研难度较大的六大专业

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发表于 2018-12-8 14:06:34 | 显示全部楼层

                        
      Passage 4
      Fields across Europe are contaminated with dangerous levels of the
antibiotics given to farm animals. The drugs, which are in manure sprayed onto
fields as fertilizers, could be getting into our food and water, helping to
create a new generation of antibiotic-resistant “superbugs “ .
      The warning comes from a researcher in Switzerland who looked at levels of
the drugs in farm slurry.41) __________ .
      Some 20,000 tons antibiotics are used in the European Union and the US each
year. More than half are given to farm-animals to prevent disease and promote
growth. 42) __________.
      Most researchers assumed that humans become infected with the resistant
strains by eating contaminated meat. But far more of the drugs end up in manure
than in meat products, says Stephen Mueller of the Swiss Federal Institute for
Environmental Science and Technology in Dubendorf. 43) __________ .
      With millions of tons animals manure spread onto fields of cops such as
wheat and barley each year, this pathway seems an equally likely route for
spreading resistance, he said. The drugs contaminate the crops, which are then
eaten. 44) __________ .
      Mueller is particularly concerned about a group of antibiotics called
sulphonamides. 45) __________ .This concentration is high enough to trigger the
development of resistance among bacteria. But vets are not treating the issue
seriously.
      There is growing concern at the extent to which drugs, including
antibiotics, are polluting the environment. Many drugs given to humans are also
excreted unchanged and broken down by conventional treatment.
      A) They don’t easily degrade or dissolve in water. His analysis found that
Swiss farm manure contains a high percentage of sulphonamides; each hectare of
field could be contaminated with up to 1 kilogram of the drugs.
      B) And manure contains especially high levels of bugs that are resistant to
antibiotics, he says.
      C) Animal antibiotics is still an area to which insufficient attention has
been paid.
      D) But recent research has found a direct link between the increased use of
these farmyard drugs and the appearance of antibiotic-resistant bugs that infect
people.
      E) His findings are particularly shocking because Switzerland is one of the
few countries to have banned antibiotics as growth promoters in animal feed.
      F) They could also be leaching into tap water pumped from rocks beneath
fertilized fields.
      G) There is no doubt that the food and drink is always important to the
health.
      Passage 5
      The main problem in discussing American popular culture is also one of its
main characteristics: it won’t stay American. No matter what it is, whether it
is films, food and fashion, music, casual sports or slang, it’s soon at home
elsewhere in the world. There are several theories why American popular culture
has had this appeal.
      One theory is that is has been “advertised” and marketed through American
films, popular music, and more recently, television. 41) __________ .They are,
after all, in competition with those produced by other countries.
      Another theory, probably a more common one, is that American popular
culture is internationally associated with something called “ the spirit of
America .” 42)_________ .
      The final theory is less complex: American popular culture is popular
because a lot of people in the world like it.
      Regardless of why its spreads, American popular culture is usually quite
rapidly adopted and then adapted in many other countries. 43)__________ . Black
leather jackets worn by many heroes in American movies could be found, a
generation later, on all those young men who wanted to make this manly-look
their own.
      Two areas where this continuing process is most clearly seen are clothing
and music. Some people can still remember a time. When T-shirts, jogging
clothes, tennis shoes, denim jackets, and blue jeans were not common daily wear
everywhere .Only twenty years ago, it was possible to spot an American in Paris
by his or her clothes. No longer so: those bright colors, checkered jackets and
trousers, hats and socks which were once made fun in cartoons are back again in
Paris as the latest fashion. 44) __________ .
      The situation with American popular music is more complex because in the
beginning, when it was still clearly American, it was often strongly resisted.
Jazz was once thought to be a great danger to youth and their morals, and was
actually outlawed in several countries. Today, while still showing its rather
American roots, it has become so well established. Rock “n” roll and all its
variations, country & western music, all have more or less similar
histories. They were first resisted, often on America as well, as being
“low-class,” and then as “a danger to our nation’s youth.” 45)__________ . And
then the music became accepted and was extended and was extended and developed,
and exported back to the U.S.
      A) As a result, its American origins and roots are often quickly forgotten.
“happy birthday to you,” for instance, is such an everyday song that its source,
its American copyright, so to speak, is not remembered.
      B) But this theory fails to explain why American films, music, and
television, programs are so popular in themselves.
      C) American in origin, informal clothing has become the world’s first truly
universal style.
      D) The BBC, for example, banned rock and roll until 1962.
      E) American food has become popular around the world too.
      F) This spirit is variously described as being young and free, optimistic
and confident, informal and disrespectful.
      G) It is hardly surprising that the public concern contributes a lot to the
spread of their culture.
      Passage 6
      Albert Einstein, whose theories on space time and matter helped unravel the
secrets of the atom and of the universe, was chosen as “Person of the Century by
Time magazine on Sunday.
      A man whose very name is synonymous with scientific genius, Einstein has
come to represent more than any other person the flowering of 20th century
scientific thought that set the stage for the age of technology.
      “The world has changed far more in the past 100 years than in any other
century in history. The reason is not political or economic, but
technological-technologies that flowed directly from advances in basic science,”
wrote theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking in a time essay explaining
Einstein’s significance. 41) __________ .
      Time chose as runner-up President Franklin Roosevelt to represent the
triumph of freedom and democracy over fascism, and Mahatma Gandhi as an icon for
a century when civil and human rights became crucial factors in global
politics.
      “What we saw was Franklin Roosevelt embodying the great theme of freedom’s
fight against totalitarianism , Gandhi personifying the great theme of
individual struggling for their rights, and Einstein being both a great genius
and a great symbol of a scientific revolution that brought with it amazing
technological advances that helped expand the growth of freedom,” said Time
Magazine Editor Walter Isaacson.
      Einstein was born in Ulm , Germany in 1879. 42) __________ .He could not
stomach organized learning and loathed taking exams.
      In 1905, however, he was to publish a theory which stands as one of the
most intricate examples of human imagination in history. 43) __________ .
Everything else----mass, weight, space, even time itself ----is a variable. And
he offered the world his now –famous equation: energy equals mass times the
speed of light squared ---E=mc2
      44) __________ .
      45) __________ . Einstein did not work on the project. Einstein died in
Princeton, New Jersey in 1955.
      A) “Indirectly, relativity paved the way for a new relativism in morality,
art and politics,” Isaacson wrote in an essay explaining Time’s choices.” There
was less faith in absolutes, not of time and space but also of truth and
morality.” Einstein’s famous equation was also the seed that led to the
development of atomic energy and weapons. In 1939, six years after he fled
European fascism and settled at Princeton University, Einstein, an avowed
pacifist, signed a letter to President Roosevelt urging the United States to
develop an atomic bomb before Nazi Germany did.
      B) How he thought of the relativity theory influenced the general public’s
view about Albert Einstein.
      C) “Clearly, no scientist better represents those advances than Albert
Einstein.”
      D) Roosevelt heeded the advice and formed the “Manhattan Project” that
secretly developed the first atomic weapon.
      E) In his early years, Einstein did not show the promise of what he was to
become. He was slow to learn to learn to speak and did not do well in elementary
school.
      F) In his “Special Theory of Relativity,” Einstein described how the only
constant in the universe is the speed of light..
      G) It is said that Einstein’s success lies in the fact that few people can
understand his theories.
      2014年考研冲刺备考专题
      2014年考研试题答案-跨考教育考后首发
                        
                   转眼间霜降已过,一阵阵北风让树叶纷纷凋落,2019的考生即将迎来考验的大时刻,这个阶段更要稳住步伐不慌不乱,跨小考期待与你考后在跨考教育导师库相见,那时再为已经通过初试,准备复试的你助力!
       据相关调查统计显示,以就业为导向,想要提高自身就业筹码而选择考研的考生占整体的近70%,准备开启2020考研征程的你,是为了什么而一往无前呢?为了给自己一个选择的机会,也为了更了解将来就业企业的择人标准,你需要趁这个寒假为考研开启预热模式——跨考寒假预科班,15天集训,直接定校定专业,让你全年的复习不再左摇右摆浪费时间!
      
       小编整理了历年考研真题及答案解析,关注微信公众号:跨考考研,回复“真题”即可获得,说不定还能找到一起上自习的研友哦!
2019秋季整合提升方案
2019考研公共课秋季整合2019最新考研政治大纲公共课考研大纲变动汇总
2019年考研政治《思修法基》练习试题及答案汇总【跨考名师精品】2019考研必读:复习方法及真题热点解读
2020考研择校则专业必知就业率高的十大考研专业推荐34所自主划线高校历年复试分数线(2012-2018)
这些相似的考研专业都有什么区别?跨专业考研难度较大的六大专业

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发表于 2018-12-8 14:26:23 | 显示全部楼层

                        
      Passage 7
      Twenty years ago a debate erupted about whether there were specific “Asian
values”. Most attention focused on dubious claims by autocrats that democracy
was not among them. But a more intriguing, if less noticed, argument was that
traditional family values were stronger in Asia than in America and Europe, and
that this partly accounted for Asia’s economic success. (1)_________
      On the face of it his claim appears persuasive still. In most of Asia,
marriage is widespread and illegitimacy almost unknown. In contrast, half of
marriages in some Western countries end in divorce, and half of all children are
born outside wedlock. The recent riots across Britain, whose origins many
believe lie in an absence of either parental guidance or filial respect, seem to
underline a profound difference between East and West.
      Yet marriage is changing fast in East, South-East and South Asia, even
though each region has different traditions. The changes are different from
those that took place in the West in the second half of the 20th century.
Divorce, though rising in some countries, remains comparatively rare. What’s
happening in Asia is a flight from marriage.
      Marriage rates are falling partly because people are postponing getting
hitched. Marriage ages have risen all over the world, but the increase is
particularly marked in Asia.(2)_________
      A lot of Asians are not marrying later. They are not marrying at all.
Almost a third of Japanese women in their early 30s are unmarried; probably half
of those will always be. (3) ____________So far, the trend has not affected
Asia’s two giants, China and India.
      Women are retreating from marriage as they go into the workplace. That’s
partly because, for a woman, being both employed and married is tough in Asia.
Women there are the primary caregivers for husbands, children and, often, for
ageing parents; and even when in full-time employment, they are expected to
continue to play this role. This is true elsewhere in the world, but the burden
that Asian women carry is particularly heavy. (4)_______________ Not
surprisingly, Asian women have an unusually pessimistic view of marriage.
According to a survey carried out this year, many fewer Japanese women felt
positive about their marriage than did Japanese men, or American women or
men.
      At the same time as employment makes marriage tougher for women, it offers
them an alternative. More women are financially independent, so more of them can
pursue a single life that may appeal more than the drudgery of a traditional
marriage. More education has also contributed to the decline of marriage,
because Asian women with the most education have always been the most reluctant
to wed—and there are now many more highly educated women.
      The flight from marriage in Asia is thus the result of the greater freedom
that women enjoy these days, which is to be celebrated. But it is also creating
social problems. Compared with the West, Asian countries have invested less in
pensions and other forms of social protection, on the assumption that the family
will look after ageing or ill relatives. That can no longer be taken for
granted. The decline of marriage is also contributing to the collapse in the
birth rate. (5)________________And there are other, less obvious issues.
Marriage socialises men: it is associated with lower levels of testosterone and
less criminal behaviour. Less marriage might mean more crime.
      Can marriage be revived in Asia? Maybe, if expectations of those roles of
both sexes change; but shifting traditional attitudes is hard. Governments
cannot legislate away popular prejudices. They can, though, encourage change.
Relaxing divorce laws might, paradoxically, boost marriage. Women who now steer
clear of wedlock might be more willing to tie the knot if they know it can be
untied—not just because they can get out of the marriage if it doesn’t work, but
also because their freedom to leave might keep their husbands on their toes.
Family law should give divorced women a more generous share of the couple’s
assets.
      [A] Fertility in East Asia has fallen from 5.3 children per woman in the
late 1960s to 1.6 now. In countries with the lowest marriage rates, the
fertility rate is nearer 1.0. That is beginning to cause huge demographic
problems, as populations age with startling speed.
      [B]Asian governments have long taken the view that the superiority of their
family life was one of their big advantages over the West. That confidence is no
longer warranted. They need to wake up to the huge social changes happening in
their countries and think about how to cope with the consequences.
      [C]People there now marry even later than they do in the West. The mean age
of marriage in the richest places—Japan, Taiwan, South Korea and Hong Kong—has
risen sharply in the past few decades, to reach 29-30 for women and 31-33 for
men.
      [D]Family law should give divorced women a more generous share of the
couple’s assets. Governments should also legislate to get employers to offer
both maternal and paternal leave, and provide or subsidise child care. If taking
on such expenses helped promote family life, it might reduce the burden on the
state of looking after the old.
      [E]Over one-fifth of Taiwanese women in their late 30s are single; most
will never marry. In some places, rates of non-marriage are especially striking:
in Bangkok, 20% of 40-44-year old women are not married; in Tokyo, 21%; among
university graduates of that age in Singapore, 27%.
      [F]In the words of Lee Kuan Yew, former prime minister of Singapore and a
keen advocate of Asian values, the Chinese family encouraged “scholarship and
hard work and thrift and deferment of present enjoyment for future gain”.
      [G]Japanese women, who typically work 40 hours a week in the office, then
do, on average, another 30 hours of housework. Their husbands, on average, do
three hours. And Asian women who give up work to look after children find it
hard to return when the offspring are grown.
      Passage 8
      In the English-speaking world, people escape from frying pans into fires.
In Thailand, the proverb is couched differently: people are said to escape from
tigers only to be eaten by crocodiles. (1)_______________With that in mind, the
Bank of Thailand raised interest rates on August 24th for the ninth time since
mid-2010. But it was a split decision. The economic woes of America and Europe
have darkened Asia’s mood. Some can again hear the tiger’s growl.
      After last year’s swift recovery from recession, policymakers in developing
Asian countries congratulated themselves on the resilience of their economies.
(2)_______________In April 2009 the Thai central bank cut rates to 1.25%—lower
than in most Asian economies—alongside a fiscal push worth 3% of GDP. Emerging
economies were hit harder than optimists expected, but responded better than
pessimists feared.
      That resilience may be tested again sooner than anyone would have liked. In
announcing its latest rate decision, the Bank of Thailand noted the dangers
posed to the economy by a slowdown in America and Europe.
(3)____________________But the bank found consolation in Thailand’s growing
sales to its neighbours and to “new” markets farther afield. Last year China
overtook America to become the country’s leading customer.
      That trend is not unique to Thailand. Most of its neighbours now sell a
smaller share of their exports to America and Europe than they did before the
crisis (see chart). The precise percentages may be misleading. These exports
include parts and components that may end up in the West, after first being
assembled into final products in another country. But there is no denying the
trend.
      The region’s economies are not, then, as vulnerable to the tiger’s claws as
they were in 2008. The crocodile, on the other hand, is uncomfortably close.
Thailand’s headline consumer-price inflation (4.1% in the year to July) was too
high for the central bank’s comfort, but lower than in many of its neighbours,
such as China (6.5%), India, where wholesale prices rose by 9.2%, or Vietnam,
where consumer prices rose by an alarming 23% in the year to August.
      Asia’s campaign against inflation has dragged on longer than its central
bankers hoped. Higher food and commodity prices were expected to drop out of the
inflation figures eventually, but instead seem to have leached into other
consumer prices. (4)________________The big exceptions are Taiwan, where the
discount rate is less than 1.9%, and Singapore, which carries out monetary
policy by setting a path for the exchange rate, not the interest rate. With
rates in America at rock bottom, and the Singapore dollar set to strengthen
against its American counterpart, interest rates in Singapore are
extraordinarily low.
      Reducing rates would help Asia’s economies withstand a modest slowdown in
the West. Goldman Sachs, for example, has cut its 2011 rate forecast for
Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Taiwan, but has barely trimmed its growth
forecasts for these countries.(5)___________
      A fiscal response would do more to buoy demand in the rest of the world, as
it did from 2007 to 2009, when budget balances deteriorated markedly throughout
the region.
      With luck, another stimulus package will not be necessary. A modest
slowdown in the West might even take the pressure off prices in Asia, without
doing undue harm to the region’s growth—a case perhaps of the tiger eating the
crocodile.
      [A]Thailand remains highly exposed to global trade: exports, including air
conditioners, video cameras and fridges, as well as tourism, accounted for over
70% of its GDP in 2010.
      [B] But rate cuts would also weaken the region’s exchange rates, sharpening
their competitiveness and doing little to help economies outside Asia.
      [C]Their docile banking systems, high saving rates and hoards of foreign
exchange shielded them from the worst of the financial chaos. Their efforts to
tighten fiscal and monetary policy before the crisis struck gave them room to
loosen up in response, as exports collapsed and confidence evaporated.
      [D]The Thai economy, like many in Asia, sprang free from the great
recession surprisingly quickly. This year the bigger threat has been the
widening jaws of inflation.
      [E]America will overcome its current economic woes and Europe will muddle
through.
      [F]One consequence of this prolonged fight is that nominal interest rates
have been raised off the floor. Indonesia’s policy rate is now 6.75%; India’s is
8%. That gives central bankers some room to cut if the world economy sags.
      [G]Thailand’s new prime minister, Yingluck Shinawatra, is contemplating
another budgetary splurge. But policymakers elsewhere will be reluctant to spill
the red ink again.
      2014年考研冲刺备考专题
      2014年考研试题答案-跨考教育考后首发
                        
                   转眼间霜降已过,一阵阵北风让树叶纷纷凋落,2019的考生即将迎来考验的大时刻,这个阶段更要稳住步伐不慌不乱,跨小考期待与你考后在跨考教育导师库相见,那时再为已经通过初试,准备复试的你助力!
       据相关调查统计显示,以就业为导向,想要提高自身就业筹码而选择考研的考生占整体的近70%,准备开启2020考研征程的你,是为了什么而一往无前呢?为了给自己一个选择的机会,也为了更了解将来就业企业的择人标准,你需要趁这个寒假为考研开启预热模式——跨考寒假预科班,15天集训,直接定校定专业,让你全年的复习不再左摇右摆浪费时间!
      
       小编整理了历年考研真题及答案解析,关注微信公众号:跨考考研,回复“真题”即可获得,说不定还能找到一起上自习的研友哦!
2019秋季整合提升方案
2019考研公共课秋季整合2019最新考研政治大纲公共课考研大纲变动汇总
2019年考研政治《思修法基》练习试题及答案汇总【跨考名师精品】2019考研必读:复习方法及真题热点解读
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发表于 2018-12-8 14:42:19 | 显示全部楼层

                        
      二、排序题
      Passage 1
      Directions: For question 1—5, choose the most suitable paragraphs from the
list A—G and fill them into the numbered boxes to form a coherent text.
Paragraphs A and D have been correctly placed.
      [A] Subscription has proved by far the best way of paying for highquality
television. Advertising veers up and down with the economic cycle, and can be
skipped by using digital video recorders. And any outfit that depends on
advertising is liable to worry more about offending advertisers than about
pleasing viewers. Voluntary subscription is also preferable to the compulsory,
universal variety that pays for the BBC and other European public broadcasters.
A broadcaster supported by a tax on everyone must try to please everyone. And a
government can starve public broadcasters of money, too—as the BBC is painfully
learning.
      [B] What began as an interesting experiment has become the standard way of
supporting highquality programming. Most of the great television dramas that
are watched in America and around the world appear first on payTV channels.
Having shown others how to make gangster dramas with “The Sopranos”, HBO is
laying down the standard for fantasy with “Game of Thrones”. Other payTV
channels have delved into 1960s advertising (“Mad Men”), drug dealing (“Breaking
Bad”) and Renaissance court society (“The Borgias”). PayTV firms outside
America, like Britains BSkyB, are beginning to pour money into original series.
Talent is drifting to paytelevision, in part because there are fewer appealing
roles in film. Meanwhile, broadcast networks have retreated into a safe zone of
sitcoms, police procedurals and singing competitions.
      [C] But pay television is now under threat, especially in America. Prices
have been driven so high at a time of economic malaise that many people simply
cannot afford it. Disruptive, deeppocketed firms like Amazon and Netflix lurk,
whispering promises of internetdelivered films and television shows for little
or no money. Whether the lure of such alternatives or poverty is what is causing
people to cancel their subscriptions is not clear. But the proportion of
Americans who pay for TV is falling. Other countries may follow.
      [D] Pay TV executives argue that people will always find ways of paying for
their wares, perhaps by cutting back on cinema tickets or bottled water. That
notion seems increasingly hopeful. Every month it appears more likely that the
pay TV system will break down. The era of evergrowing channel choice is coming
to an end; cable and satellite distributors will begin to prune the least
popular ones. They may push “best of basic” packages, offering the most
desirable channels—and perhaps leaving out sport. In the most disruptive
scenario, no longer unimaginable, payTV would become a free for all, with
channels hawking themselves directly to consumers, perhaps sending their content
over the internet. How can media firms survive in such a world?
      [E] Fifteen years ago nearly all the television shows that excited critics
and won awards appeared on free broadcast channels. Paytelevision (or, as many
Americans call it, “cable”) was the domain of repeats, music videos and
televangelists. Then HBO, a subscription outfit mostly known for boxing and
films, decided to try its hand at hour long dramas.
      [F] But television as a whole should emerge stronger. If people buy
individual channels rather than a huge bundle, they will have to think about
what they really value—the more so because each channel will cost more than it
does at present. Media firms will improve their game in response. The activity
that diverts the average American for some four and a half hours each day should
become more gripping, not less.
      [G] It wont be easy. They will have to start marketing heavily: at present
the payTV distributors do that for them. They must produce much more of their
own programming. Repeats and old films lose their appeal in a world in which
consumers can instantly call up vast archives. If they are to sell directly to
the audience they will have to become technology firms, building apps and much
slicker websites than they have now, which anticipate what customers might want
to watch.
      1→2→A→3→D→4→5
      Passage 2
      Directions: For question 1—5, choose the most suitable paragraphs from the
list A—G and fill them into the numbered boxes to form a coherent text.
Paragraphs D and E have been correctly placed.
      [A] For publishers, though, it is a dangerous time. Book publishing
resembles the newspaper business in the late 1990s, or music in the early 2000s.
Although revenues are fairly stable, and the traditional route is still the only
way to launch a blockbuster, the climate is changing. Some of the publishers
functions—packaging books and promoting them to shops—are becoming obsolete.
Algorithms and online recommendations threaten to replace them as arbiters of
quality. The tide of selfpublished books threatens to swamp their products. As
bookshops close, they lose a crucial showcase. And they face, as the record
companies did, a nearmonopoly controlling digital distribution: Amazon’s grip
over the ebook market is much like Apple’s control of music downloads.
      [B] They also need to become more efficient. Digital books can be
distributed globally, but publishers persist in dividing the world into
territories with separate editorial staffs. In the digital age it is daft to
take months or even years to get a book to market. And if they are to
distinguish their wares from selfpublished dross, they must get better at
choosing books, honing ideas and polishing copy. If publishers are to hold
readers’ attention they must tell a better story—and edit out all the spelling
mistakes as well.
      [C] For readers, this is splendid. Just as Amazon collapsed distance by
bringing a huge range of books to outoftheway places, it is now collapsing
time, by enabling readers to download books instantly. Moreover, anybody can now
publish a book, through Amazon and a number of other services.
      [D] During the next few weeks publishers will release a crush of books,
pile them onto delivery lorries and fight to get them on the display tables at
the front of bookshops in the runup to Christmas. It is an impressive display
of competitive commercial activity. It is also increasingly pointless.
      [E] Yet there are still two important jobs for publishers. They act as the
venture capitalists of the words business, advancing money to authors of
worthwhile books that might not be written otherwise. And they are editors,
picking good books and improving them. So it would be good, not just for their
shareholders but also for intellectual life, if they survived.
      [F] More quickly than almost anyone predicted, ebooks are emerging as a
serious alternative to the paper kind. Amazon, comfortably the biggest ebook
retailer, has lowered the price of its Kindle ereaders to the point where
people do not fear to take them to the beach. In America, the most advanced
market, about one fifth of the largest publishers sales are of e books. Newly
released blockbusters may sell as many digital copies as paper ones. The
proportion is growing quickly, not least because many bookshops are closing.
      [G] They are doing some things right. Having watched the record companies
impotence after Apple wrested control of music pricing from them, the publishers
have managed to retain their ability to set prices. But they are missing some
tricks. The music and film industries have started to bundle electronic with
physical versions of their products—by, for instance, providing those who buy a
DVD of a movie with a code to download it from the internet. Publishers,
similarly, should bundle e books with paper books.
      D→1→2→3→E→4→5
      Passage 3
      Directions: For question 1—5, choose the most suitable paragraphs from the
list A—G and fill them into the numbered boxes to form a coherent text.
Paragraphs C and F have been correctly placed.
      [A] Fifteen years ago Vincent Bolloré, a French industrialist, decided to
get into the business of electricity storage. He started a project to produce
rechargeable batteries in two small rooms of his family mansion in Brittany. “I
asked him, ‘what are you doing? and I told him to stop, that it wouldn t go
anywhere,” says Alain Minc, a business consultant in Paris who has advised Mr
Bolloré for many years. Fortunately, he says, Mr Bolloré continued.
      [B] The real aim for Mr Bolloré, however, is to showcase his battery
technology. His group has developed a type of rechargeable cell, called a
lithiummetal polymer (LMP) battery. This is different from the lithiumion
batteries used by most of the car industry. Mr Bolloré believes fervently that
his batteries are superior, mainly because they are safer. Lithiumion batteries
can explode if they overheat—which in the past happened in some laptops.
Carmakers incorporate safety features to prevent the batterys cells from
overheating.
      [C] The city of Paris will cover most of the cost of the stations, but Mr
Bolloré will pay an estimated 105m to supply his design of “Bluecar” vehicles
and their batteries. He will bear a further 80m a year in running costs. The
citys estimates for how popular the new service will be are highly optimistic,
said a recent study by the government. Autolib could make 33ma year for Mr
Bolloré, according to the study, but it could easily just breakeven or lose as
much as 60mannually. Autolib will also be the first time the group has operated
in a big consumerfacing business where it will be held directly responsible for
problems such as vandalism or breakdowns.
      [D] Going up against the rest of the car industry may seem quixotic. Before
he won Autolib, Mr Bolloré says, people may well have thought he and his team
were mad to venture into such a new area. But they underestimated his groups
knowledge of electricity storage, he maintains. And if the growing number of
electric cars on the road does lead to safety concerns over batteries, then Mr
Bollorés LMP technology could move from the margin to the mainstream—provided,
of course, they pass their test on the streets of Paris.
      [E] “Being a family company means we can invest for the long term,” says Mr
Bolloré, who has spent 1.5 billion on battery development since 1996. Most of
his groups money comes from transport and logistics, with a strong position in
Africa, and from petrol distribution in France. Mr Bolloré has also made
billions from financial investments such as in Rue Imperiale, a holding company.
Autolib will be keenly watched throughout the car industry. It is the first
largescale city carsharing service to use only electric vehicles from the
outset; a scheme in Ulm in Germany, by contrast, started with diesel vehicles.
Running Autolib could mean shouldering substantial losses for the Bolloré Group.
Mr Bolloré was not expected to win the contract, but did so mainly because he
offered low rental charges for drivers.
      [F] Mr Bollorés LMP batteries are said to be more stable when being
charged and discharged, which is when batteries come under most strain. Just two
European carmakers have seen the batteries, which are made only by the Bolloré
Group. One carindustry executive says that though the LMP technology is
attractive from a safety point of view, the batteries have to be heated up to
function—which takes power and makes them less convenient to use.
      [G] Mr Bollorés technology is about to hit the road. In 2010 his group won
a contract to run Autolib, a carsharing scheme designed by Bertrand Delane,
the mayor of Paris, which will put 3,000 electric vehicles on the city s
streets along with 1,120 stations for parking and recharging. Construction of
the stations started in the summer, and Mr Bolloré will begin testing the
service on October 1st before opening it to the public in December. Rechargeable
batteries are now an important technology for the global car industry as it
starts to make ever more electric and hybrid vehicles. Renault, a French
manufacturer, is alone investing 4 billion ($5.6 billion) in a range of electric
models which it will start selling this autumn. Many producers will unveil new
electric vehicles next week when the Frankfurt Motor Show opens.
      1→2→3→C→4→F→5
      2014年考研冲刺备考专题
      2014年考研试题答案-跨考教育考后首发
                        
                   转眼间霜降已过,一阵阵北风让树叶纷纷凋落,2019的考生即将迎来考验的大时刻,这个阶段更要稳住步伐不慌不乱,跨小考期待与你考后在跨考教育导师库相见,那时再为已经通过初试,准备复试的你助力!
       据相关调查统计显示,以就业为导向,想要提高自身就业筹码而选择考研的考生占整体的近70%,准备开启2020考研征程的你,是为了什么而一往无前呢?为了给自己一个选择的机会,也为了更了解将来就业企业的择人标准,你需要趁这个寒假为考研开启预热模式——跨考寒假预科班,15天集训,直接定校定专业,让你全年的复习不再左摇右摆浪费时间!
      
       小编整理了历年考研真题及答案解析,关注微信公众号:跨考考研,回复“真题”即可获得,说不定还能找到一起上自习的研友哦!
2019秋季整合提升方案
2019考研公共课秋季整合2019最新考研政治大纲公共课考研大纲变动汇总
2019年考研政治《思修法基》练习试题及答案汇总【跨考名师精品】2019考研必读:复习方法及真题热点解读
2020考研择校则专业必知就业率高的十大考研专业推荐34所自主划线高校历年复试分数线(2012-2018)
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发表于 2018-12-8 16:18:46 | 显示全部楼层

                        
      Passage 4
      Directions: For question 1—5, choose the most suitable paragraphs from the
list A—G and fill them into the numbered boxes to form a coherent text.
Paragraphs A and D have been correctly placed.
      [A] The contest has been held in anticipation of a new era of pylon
building. By 2020, a quarter of the countrys current generating capacity will
need replacing; the government hopes the new supply will come from renewable
sources such as onshore and offshore wind farms. Todays offshore capacity is
just 7% of ministers targets for the end of the decade—and all of the new
generation out to sea will need to land transmission cables ashore. The existing
electricity grid is in the wrong place for many of these new sources of power.
That creates a paradox: trying to save the world by cutting carbon emissions
means scarring particular bits of it by dragging new power lines through scenic
countryside.
      [B] This is an old problem. The launch of Britains national electricity
grid in 1933 was decried for desecrating the landscape. More recently, the
location of wind farms has prompted similar debates. The difficulty with pylons
is that they go everywhere. Scotland has had nearly five years of disputes over
the planned 600pylon upgrade of a transmission line running from Beauly in the
Highlands to the central belt where more electricity is used. The same clashes
will now play out in England and Wales. A new planning commission was set up in
2009 to speed up the glacial pace of infrastructure decisionmaking. But
weighing economic demands against beauty remains a thorny and potentially
time-consuming job.
      [C] Opponents of towering pylons say the answer is to bury power lines: at
present only 950km of Britains 13,000km of highvoltage cable runs underground,
most of it in urban areas. But sinking wires, which means clearing a corridor
17m to 40m wide and cannot be done in all terrains, carries an environmental
toll too. “You are effectively sterilising land use in the area,” says Richard
Smith of National Grid; no planting, digging or building is allowed. That makes
installing subsurface cables 12 to 17 times as pricey as overhead lines,
according to National Grid (they also need replacing sooner). Since consumers
pay for this through their electricity bills, everyone would have to fork out to
protect the views and house prices of a few people.
      [D] So finding a new shape for pylons may be only one aspect of the coming
power rows. But it will be a tricky one. Typically the best designs combine
elegance with utility. Yet rather than being a feature in itself, the optimal
pylon blends in with nature. Thats a tough task for 20 tons of steel, however
impressively shaped.
      [E] The skeletal, lattice design of Britains electricity pylons has
changed little since the first one was raised in 1928. Many countries have
copied these “striding steel sentries”, as the poet Stephen Spender called them;
more than 88,000 now march across the countrys intermittently green and
pleasant land.
      [F] Now six new models are vying to replace these familiar steel towers.
The finalists in a governmentsponsored competition to design a new pylon
include a single shard spiking into the sky and an arced, open bow. After a
winner is picked in October, National Grid, which runs the
electricitytransmission network, will decide whether to construct it.
      [G] But the price of despoiling pretty scenery is hard to calculate. The
risk is that the cost of damaging the landscape is ignored because it is not
ascribed a monetary value, says Steve Albon, coauthor of a
governmentcommissioned report on how much the natural environment contributes
to Britains economy. As yet, though, no one has found an easy or accepted
measure of this worth to help make decisions.
      1→2→A→3→4→5→D
      Passage 5
      Directions: For question 1—5, choose the most suitable paragraphs from the
list A—G and fill them into the numbered boxes to form a coherent text.
Paragraphs C and E have been correctly placed.
      [A] Nor can it buy companies as freely as postal services in Europe, Canada
or Asia have been doing for the past decade. Many European countries, as well as
New Zealand and Japan, have already privatised or liberalised their postal
services. Combined, foreign posts now get most of their revenue from new
businesses such as retailing or banking for consumers, or warehousing and
logistics for companies.
      [B] THE US Postal Service has an unofficial creed that harks back to
Herodotus, who was admiring the Persian Empires stalwart messengers. Its own
history is impressive too, dating to a royal license by William and Mary in
1692, and including Benjamin Franklin as a notable postmaster, both for the
crownand then for the newly independent country. Ever since, the post has
existed “to bind the Nation together”.
      [C] Quasiindependent since 1970, the post gets no public money. And yet it
is obliged (as FedEx and UPS are not) to visit every mailbox, no matter how
remote, six days a week. This has driven the average cost of each piece of mail
up from 34 cents in 2006 to 41 cents. Yet the post is not allowed to raise
prices (of stamps and such) willynilly; a 2006 law set formulas for that. So in
effect, the post cannot control either its costs or its revenues.
      [D] So Americas post is looking for other solutions. It is planning to
close post offices; up to 3,653, out of about 32,000. This month it announced
plans to lay off another 120,000 workers by 2015, having already bidden adieu to
some 110,000 over the past four years (for a total of about 560,000 now). It
also wants to fiddle with its workers pensions and health care.
      [E] Ultimately, says Mr Donahoe, the post will have to stop delivering mail
on Saturdays. Then perhaps on other days too. The post has survived new
technologies before, he points out. “In 1910, we owned the most horses, by 1920
we owned the most vehicles.” But the internet just might send it the way of the
pony express.
      [F] But as ever more Americans go online instead of sending paper, the
volume of mail has been plummeting. The decline is steeper than even pessimists
expected a decade ago, says Patrick Donahoe, the current postmastergeneral.
Worse, because the post must deliver to every address in the country—about 150m,
with some 1.4m additions every year—costs are simultaneously going up. As a
result, the post has lost $20 billion in the last four years and expects to lose
another $8 billion this fiscal year.
      [G] And although the recession made everything worse, the internet is the
main culprit. As Christmas cards have gone online (and “green”), so have bills.
In 2000, 5% of Americans paid utilities online. Last year 55% did, and
eventually everybody will, says Mr Donahoe. Photos now go on Facebook, magazines
come on iPads. Already, at least for Americans under a certain age, the post
delivers only bad news or nuisances, from jury summonses to junk mail. Pleasant
deliveries probably arrive by a parcel service such as UPS or FedEx.
      1→2→3→C→4→5→E
      Passage 6
      Directions: For question 1—5, choose the most suitable paragraphs from the
list A—G and fill them into the numbered boxes to form a coherent text.
Paragraphs A and B have been correctly placed.
      [A] Among national newspapers, paywalls are still rare, though the New York
Times and the Times of London both have them. Most wallbuilding is being done
by small local outfits. “Local newspapers are more vital to their communities,
and they have less competition,” explains Ken Doctor, the author of
“Newsonomics”
      [B] The paywallbuilders tend to report a drop in online traffic. But not
usually a steep drop, and not always an enduring one. Oklahomas Tulsa World,
which started demanding subscriptions from heavy online readers in April,
reports that traffic in August of this year was higher than a year earlier. One
possible explanation, odd as it may sound, is that readers are still discovering
its website. “We have paper subscribers who want nothing to do with the
internet,” explains Robert Lorton, the Tulsa Worlds publisher. Fewer than half
of the newspapers print subscribers have so far signed up for unrestricted free
access to the website. Other newspapers report similar proportions.
      [C] That suggests the game is not over. The earlyadopting young abandoned
print newspapers long ago. But many newspapers have a surprisingly large, if
dwindling, herd of paying customers. They will milk them as hard as they
can.
      [D] On October 10th the Baltimore Sun will join a fastgrowing club. The
newspaper will start tracking the number of times people read its stories
online; when they reach a limit of 15 a month, they will be asked to pay. Local
bloggers may squawk about content wanting to be free. But perhaps not as much as
they would have done a few months ago. There is a sense of inevitability about
paywalls. In April 2010 PaidContent, an online publication, found 26 American
local and metropolitan newspapers charging for online access. Several times that
number now do so. More than 100 newspapers are using Press+, an online payment
system developed in part by a former publisher of the Wall Street Journal. Media
News, a newspaper group, put up two paywalls in 2010; it has erected 23 so far
this year.
      [E] Why the rush? One reason is that building paywalls has become easier:
Press+ and Googles One Pass will collect online subscriptions on behalf of
newspapers, skimming a little off the top. The popularity of Apples iPad is
another explanation. Many newspapers have created paidfor apps. There is little
point doing that if a tablet user can simply read the news for free on a web
browser. But the big push comes from advertising—or the lack of it.
      [F] The most ambitious architects are in Europe. Since May Slovakia has had
a virtual national paywall—a single payment system that encompasses nine of the
countrys biggest publications. Slovaks who want to read news online pay 2.90
($3.90) a month, which is split between the newspapers according to a formula
that accounts for where people signed up and how heavily they use each
publications website. Piano Media, which built the system, plans to launch
another national paywall in Europe early next year.
      [G] Jim Moroney, publisher of the Dallas Morning News, says American
newspapers used to abide by an “8020” rule. That is, 80% of their revenues came
from advertising and 20% came from subscriptions. Those days are over. Newspaper
advertising, print and online combined, has crashed from $9.6 billion in the
second quarter of 2008 to $6 billion in the second quarter of 2011, according to
the Newspaper Association of America. Few believe it will ever fully recover. So
the race is on to build a subscription business, both in print (cover prices are
going up) and online.
      1→A→2→3→4→B→5
      2014年考研冲刺备考专题
      2014年考研试题答案-跨考教育考后首发
                        
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这些相似的考研专业都有什么区别?跨专业考研难度较大的六大专业

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发表于 2018-12-8 17:03:01 | 显示全部楼层

                        
      Passage 7
      Directions: For question 1—5, choose the most suitable paragraphs from the
list A—G and fill them into the numbered boxes to form a coherent text.
Paragraphs A and G have been correctly placed.
      [A] A GOOD unit of measurement, writes Robert Crease, must satisfy three
conditions. It has to be easy to relate to, match the things it is meant to
measure in scale (no point using inches to describe geographical distances) and
be stable. In his new book, “World in the Balance”, Mr Crease, who teaches
philosophy at Stony Brook University on Long Island and writes a column for the
magazine Physics World, describes mans quest for that metrological holy grail.
In the process, he shows that the story of metrology, not obvious material for a
pageturner, can in the right hands make for a riveting read.
      [B] In response the metre, from the Greek metron, meaning “measure”, was
ushered in, helped along by French revolutionaries, eager to replace the Bourbon
toise (just under two metres) with an allnew, universal unit. The metre was to
be defined as a fraction of the Paris meridian whose precise measurement was
under way. Together with the kilogram, initially the mass of a decaliter of
distilled water, it formed the basis of the metric system.
      [C] Successful French metrological diplomacy meant that in the ensuing
decades the metric system supplanted a hotchpotch of regional units in all bar a
handful of nations. Even Britain, long wedded to its imperial measures, caved
in. (Americans are taking longer to persuade.) In 1875 Nature, a British
magazine, hailed the metric system as “one of the greatest triumphs of modern
civilisation”. Paradoxically, Mr Crease argues, it thrived in part as a
consequence of British imperialism, which all but wiped out innumerable
indigenous measurement systems, creating a vacuum that the new framework was
able to fill.
      [D] For all its diplomatic success, though, the metre failed to live up to
its original promise. Tying it to the meridian, or any other natural benchmark,
proved intractable. As a result, the unit continued to be defined in explicit
reference to a unique platinumiridium ingot until 1960. Only then was it recast
in less fleeting terms: as a multiple of the wavelength of a particular type of
light. Finally, in 1983, it was tied to a fundamental physical constant, the
speed of light, becoming the distance light travels in 1/299,792,458 of a
second. (The second had by then itself got a metrological makeover: no longer a
60th of a 60th of a 24th of th                        
                   转眼间霜降已过,一阵阵北风让树叶纷纷凋落,2019的考生即将迎来考验的大时刻,这个阶段更要稳住步伐不慌不乱,跨小考期待与你考后在跨考教育导师库相见,那时再为已经通过初试,准备复试的你助力!
       据相关调查统计显示,以就业为导向,想要提高自身就业筹码而选择考研的考生占整体的近70%,准备开启2020考研征程的你,是为了什么而一往无前呢?为了给自己一个选择的机会,也为了更了解将来就业企业的择人标准,你需要趁这个寒假为考研开启预热模式——跨考寒假预科班,15天集训,直接定校定专业,让你全年的复习不再左摇右摆浪费时间!
      
       小编整理了历年考研真题及答案解析,关注微信公众号:跨考考研,回复“真题”即可获得,说不定还能找到一起上自习的研友哦!
2019秋季整合提升方案
2019考研公共课秋季整合2019最新考研政治大纲公共课考研大纲变动汇总
2019年考研政治《思修法基》练习试题及答案汇总【跨考名师精品】2019考研必读:复习方法及真题热点解读
2020考研择校则专业必知就业率高的十大考研专业推荐34所自主划线高校历年复试分数线(2012-2018)
这些相似的考研专业都有什么区别?跨专业考研难度较大的六大专业
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