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发表于 2018-12-8 12:34:35 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  [估分]2015年考研英语估分
  [答案]2015年考研英语真题答案
  [解析]2015年考研英语真题解析
  [下载]2015年考研英语真题及答案下载
Section Ⅰ Use of English
Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)
Directions:Read the following text。Choose
the best word(s)for each numbered blank and markA,B,C or D on ANSWER
SHEET 1.(10 points)
In our contemporary
culture, the prospect of communicating with -- or even looking at -- a
stranger is virtually unbearable. Everyone around us seems to agree by
the way they fiddle with their phones, even without a 1 underground.
It's
a sad reality -- our desire to avoid interacting with other human
beings -- because there's 2 to be gained from talking to the stranger
standing by you. But you wouldn't know it, 3 into your phone. This
universal armor sends the 4 : "Please don't approach me."
What is it that makes us feel we need to hide 5 our screens?
One
answer is fear, according to Jon Wortmann, executive mental coach. We
fear rejection, or that our innocent social advances will be 6 as
"creepy,". We fear we'll be 7 . We fear we'll be disruptive. Strangers
are inherently 8 to us, so we are more likely to feel 9 when
communicating with them compared with our friends and acquaintances. To
avoid this anxiety, we 10 to our phones. "Phones become our security
blanket," Wortmann says. "They are our happy glasses that protect us
from what we perceive is going to be more 11 ."
But once we rip off the bandaid, tuck our smartphones in our pockets and look up, it doesn't 12 so bad. In one 2011 experiment, behavioral scientists Nicholas Epley and Juliana Schroeder asked commuters to do the unthinkable: Start a13. The duo had Chicago train commuters talk to their fellow 14. "When Dr. Epley and Ms. Schroeder asked other people in the same train station to 15 how they would feel after talking to a stranger, the commuters thought their 16 would be more pleasant if they sat on their own," the New York Times summarizes. Though the participants didn't expect a positive experience, after they 17 with the experiment, "not a single person reported having been snubbed."
     18, these commutes were reportedly more enjoyable compared with those sans communication, which makes absolute sense, 19 human beings thrive off of social connections. It's that 20: Talking to strangers can make you feel connected.
1.[A] ticket
[B] permit
[C] signal
[D] record
2.[A] nothing
[B] little
[C] another
[D] much
3.[A] beaten
[B] guided
[C] plugged
[D] brought
4.[A] message
[B] code
[C] notice
[D] sign
5.[A] under
[B] beyond
[C] behind
[D] from
6.[A] misapplied
[B] mismatched
[C] misadjusted
[D] misinterpreted
7.[A] replaced
[B] fired
[C] judged
[D] delayed
8.[A] unreasonable
[B] ungrateful
[C] unconventional
[D] unfamiliar
9.[A] comfortable
[B] confident
[C] anxious
[D] angry
10.[A] attend
[B] point
[C] take
[D] turn
11.[A] dangerous
[B] mysterious
[C] violent
[D] boring
12.[A] hurt
[B] resist
[C] bend
[D] decay
13.[A] lecture
[B] conversation
[C] debate
[D] negotiation
14.[A] passengers
[B] employees
[C] researchers
[D] trainees
15.[A] reveal
[B] choose
[C] predict  
[D] design
16.[A] voyage
[B] ride
[C] walk
[D] flight
17.[A] went through
[B] did away
[C] caught up
[D] put up
18.[A] in turn
[B] in fact  
[C] in particular
[D] in consequence
19.[A] unless
[B] since
[C] if
[D] whereas
20.[A] funny
[B] logical
[C] simple

[D] rare



   正确选项: 1-5 CDCAC 6-10 DCDCD 11-15 AABAC 16-20 BABBC
   真题解析:
   1. C  [A] ticket 票  [B] permit 允许,许可  [C] signal信号,标志  [D]  record记录,记载
   解析:名词辨析。根据上句话含义,“我们周围的每个人似乎都打开他们的手机,甚至没有__出现的时候“。与手机相关的最合适的选项应为C信号的意思。因此C为正确选项。
   2. D  [A]  nothing 没有什么 [B] little 一点 [C] another另外一个   [D] much许多
   解析:名词辨析。在这句话中because there's ____to be gained,缺少的是gained 的宾语。所以我们much 代替这个宾语。因此D为正确选项。
   3. C  [A] beaten被击败的,打败的  [B] guided有指导的  [C] plugged 塞紧的 [D] brought带来,拿来
   解析:动宾搭配。C选项plugged 与into搭配,译为“塞进”,符合原文语境。因此C为正确选项。
   4. A  [A] message消息,信息  [B] code密码,法则    [C] notice注意  [D] sign符号,签名
   解析:动宾搭配。send the messages 译为“传递消息”符合原文语义。因此A为正确选项。
5. C  [A] under在……下面  [B] beyond超出   [C] behind 在……后面   [D] from来自
   解析:动词与介词搭配。本题中,空格处所需一个介词,和前面的hide搭配。因此,hide behind 翻译成“隐藏在__的后面”,搭配最为合理。因此C为正确选项。
6.D [A]misapplied 被误用的 [B]mismatched 不相配的,不势均力敌的 [C]misadjusted 失调的  [D]misinterpreted误解
   解析:上下文语义+词义辨析  在本题中,空格处需要填一个动词的被动语态,同时要搭配后面的“as creepy”(被___当做怪异的)。因此,结合四个单词的含义,D选项“被误解成为行为怪异的”更符合原文语义要求。因此D为正确选项。
   7. C [A]replaced被替换的 [B]fired被开除的 [C]judged裁定的,评判的 [D]delayed延时的,拖延的
   解析:上下文语义+词义辨析  本句中,考查我们 “fear” 的事情是被____. 结合上下文语义以及选项含义,我们可以直接排除掉B和D,这两项与“坐地铁”无关。符合原文含义的是D,我们害怕被“评判”。因此C为正确选项。
8. D [A]unreasonable不合理的,不切合实际的 [B] ungrateful忘恩负义的,不领情的 [C]unconventional非传统的,不合惯例的 [D]unfamiliar不熟悉的
  解析:上下文语义+形容词辨析 本题考查形容词的辨析。四个选项本身没有难度。做形容词这一类题要注意它修饰的成分是什么。本句是一个较简单的主系表结构,主语是“strangers” ,空格处让我们填表语,修饰的是strangers,因此,根据语义,应该选择D选项“不熟悉的”,译为“陌生人本身对我们来说就是不太熟悉的”。因此D为正确选项。
  9. C [A]comfortable 舒适的,充裕的[B]confident自信的,有信心的[C]anxious忧虑的, [D]angry生气的,愤怒的
  解析:上下文语义+形容词辨析  本题结合前半句的含义,“陌生人本身对我们来说就是不太熟悉的”,因此,人们在和陌生人交流的时候会更___。我们要选择一个形容词来修饰与陌生人交流时候的心情,结合四个单词含义,C“忧虑的”更符合这种交流心境。因此C为正确选项。
  10.D  [A]attend 出席,参加[B]point指出,朝向,瞄准[C]take 拿,带 [D]turn 翻转,旋转,转移
   解析:动词搭配。上句语义为“为了避免这种尴尬,我们___我们的手机”。在本句中,需要一个动词,并且能“to”搭配。A与B比较好排除,关键看C和D这两个选项. C选项 “take to ”译为“开始,从事”。D选项“turn to”译为“转向”。D比C更能说明我们的这个动作。因此D为正确选项。
   11. A [A]dangerous 危险的[B]mysterious神秘的[C]violent猛烈的,强烈的,暴力的 [D]boring令人厌烦的,无聊的
   解析:形容词辨析。结合上文语句,“电话已经变成了我们的安全保证”,“它是我们快乐的保障并且能够保护我们,不让我们受到更___的情况。”根据上下文语义以及四个形容词含义,A选项更符合语义要求。“危险的”和前面的“保护”搭配更为合理。因此A为正确选项。
   12. A  [A]hurt 损害,伤害[B]resist抵制,抵抗[C]bend弯曲 [D]decay(使)衰退,腐败
   解析:动词辨析。这段句首有一个非常重要的连接词 “But”,表示转折关系,说明接下来所要表述的含义与上文发生了完全的改变。根据对上一段的分析,是说人们在乘坐地铁的时候,经常看手机是因为害怕和陌生人交流,那么这一段的论述方向为“但是如果我们收起手机,向上看看,其实不会__的重。”结合四个选项含义,A选项“伤害”更符合语义。因此A为正确选项。
   13. B [A]lecture演讲,讲课 [B]conversation谈话,会话[C]debate辩论,争论 [D]negotiation谈判,协商
   解析:名词辨析。本题相对较简单,动词和名词的搭配,“开始一个(场)__”,结合原文语义,应该为开始谈话。因此B为正确选项。
   14. A [A]passengers 旅客[B]employees雇员[C]researchers 研发人员[D]trainees研修生
   解析:名词辨析。结合全文主旨,本文在讨论乘坐地铁是否和陌生人说话的问题。因此,A“乘客”是最符合语境的。因此A为正确选项。
   15. C [A]reveal 显示,透漏[B]choose选择[C]predict 预测[D]design设计,计划
   解析:动词辨析。本题考查四个选项的词义辨析。结合原文语境,我们不难发现,有一个非常重要的线索点,即“      how they would feel after talking to a stranger”我们要选择一个动词能连接后面的“would”将来时,所以,只有C选项有这个功能。因此C为正确选项。
   16. B [A]voyage 航行,旅行[B]ride骑,乘[C]walk步行 [D]flight飞行
   解析:名词辨析。在本句中, “____ would be more pleasant if they sat on their own,”要选择一个动词与乘坐地铁有关。因此,B选项“ride乘”比较符合原文语义。
   17.A  [A]went through 经历,检查,浏览[B]did away(with)废除,去掉[C]caught up 赶上,追上[D]put up放,存储,提供
   解析:介词短语搭配。本题所需短语要与后面的experience搭配,因此A选项“经历”更符合语义要求。
   18. B [A]in turn 依次,轮流,反过来[B]in fact事实上 [C]in particular尤其是 [D]in consequence结果是
   解析:逻辑关系题。本题考查的是递进关系,即下文对上文进一步解释说明。因此B为正确选项。
   19.B  [A]unless除非 [B]since直到,因为[C]if如果 [D]whereas然而
   解析:逻辑关系题。本句考查的是因果关系,因此只有B选项可以表示这种逻辑关系。
   20. C [A]funny 有趣的[B]logical有逻辑的[C]simple简单的 [D]rare罕见的
   解析:形容词辨析题。文章最后给出一个总结性的表述,即与陌生人说话可以让你感觉有连接感,考查我们“这是什么样的问题”。根据上下文语义关系选择C更符合语境。
                        
                   转眼间霜降已过,一阵阵北风让树叶纷纷凋落,2019的考生即将迎来考验的大时刻,这个阶段更要稳住步伐不慌不乱,跨小考期待与你考后在跨考教育导师库相见,那时再为已经通过初试,准备复试的你助力!
       据相关调查统计显示,以就业为导向,想要提高自身就业筹码而选择考研的考生占整体的近70%,准备开启2020考研征程的你,是为了什么而一往无前呢?为了给自己一个选择的机会,也为了更了解将来就业企业的择人标准,你需要趁这个寒假为考研开启预热模式——跨考寒假预科班,15天集训,直接定校定专业,让你全年的复习不再左摇右摆浪费时间!
      
       小编整理了历年考研真题及答案解析,关注微信公众号:跨考考研,回复“真题”即可获得,说不定还能找到一起上自习的研友哦!
2019秋季整合提升方案
2019考研公共课秋季整合2019最新考研政治大纲公共课考研大纲变动汇总
2019年考研政治《思修法基》练习试题及答案汇总【跨考名师精品】2019考研必读:复习方法及真题热点解读
2020考研择校则专业必知就业率高的十大考研专业推荐34所自主划线高校历年复试分数线(2012-2018)
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发表于 2018-12-8 13:41:58 | 显示全部楼层

                         Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension
   Part A
DirectionsRead the following four texts. Answer the questions after each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (40 points)
Text1
A new study suggests that contrary to most surveys. People art actually more stressed at home than at work. Researchers measured people’s control. Which is it at stress marker. While they were at work and while they were at home and found it higher at what is supposed to be a place of refuge。
“Further contradicting conventional wisdom we found that women as well as men have lower levels of stress at work than at home” writes one of the researchers. Sarah Damaske In fact women say they feel better at work. She notes. “it is men not women. Who report being happier at home than at work” Another surprise is that the findings hold true for both those with children and without but more so for non parents. This is why people who work outside the home have better health。
What the study doesn’t measure is whether people are still doing work when they’ re at home whether it is household work or work brought home from the office. For many men the end of the workday is a time to kick back. For women who stay home they never get to leave the office. And for women who work outside the home they often are playing catch-up-with-household tasks. With the blurring of roles and the fact that the home front lags well behind the workplace in making adjustments for working women it’ s not surprising that women are more stressed at home。
But it’s not just a gender thing. At work people pretty much know what they’re supposed to be doing: working making money doing the tasks they have to do in order to draw an income. The bargain is very pure: Employee puts in hours of physical or mental labor and employee draws out life-sustaining moola。
On the home front however people have no such clarity. Rare is the household in which the division of labor is so clinically and methodically laid out. There are a lot of tasks to be done there are inadequate rewards for most of them. Your home colleagues-your family-have no clear rewards for their labor; they need to be talked into it or if they’ re teenagers threatened with complete removal of all electronic devices. Plus they’ re your family. You cannot fire your family. You never really get to go home from home。
So it’s not surprising that people are more stressed at home. Not only are the tasks apparently infinite the co-workers are much harder to motivate。
21.According to Paragraph 1,most previous surveys found that home___________
[A]was an un realistic place for relaxation
[B]generated more stress than the workplace
[C]was an ideal plac efor stress measurement
[D]offered greater relaxation than the workplace
22.According to Damaske,who are likely to be the happiest at home?
[A]Working mothers
[B]Childless husbands
[C] Childless wives
[D]Working fathers
23 The blurring of working women's roles refers to the fact that___________
[A]they are both breadwinners and housewives
[B]their home is also a place for kicking back
[C]there is often much housework left behind
[D]it is difficult for them to leave their office
24.The word “moola”(Line4,Para 4)most probably means___________
[A]energy
[B]skills
[C]earnings
[D]nutrition
25.The home front differs from the workplace in that_____________
[A]home is hardly a cozier working environment
[B]division of labor at home is seldom clear-cut
[C]household tasks are generally more motivating
[D]family labor is often adequately rewarded
    答案:
   Text 1
   21 答案D offered greater relaxation than the workplace
解析:细节题。精读题干,划出关键词 Paragraph 1,previous surveys,home。根据题干回到原文精确定位到第1句。首句提出“最新研究表明,与大部分研究相反,人们在家比在公司的压力更大”。说明之前的研究与新研究不同,题干问previous surveys,因此之前的研究是公司比家里的压力大。
   22 答案B childless husbands
   解析:细节题。精读题干,划出关键词大写人物D,问家里谁最幸福。根据题干回文定位到第二段后半部分“It is men…report being happier”,因此男性更幸福。接下来,“but more so for nonparents”。因此答案为没有孩子的丈夫。
   23 答案A they are both bread winners and housewives
   解析:细节题。题干提出“the blurring of working women’s roles”,根据题干定位到第三段后半部分“the blurring of roles”,指代前面两句话“For women who stay home……..And for women who work outside the home”。根据原文定位句信息,得出女性既要忙工作又要忙家务。

24.答案 C earnings   这是一道词义句意题,定位在第四段第二句,At work,people pretty much know what they’re supposed to be doing: working, making money, doing the tasks they have to do in order to draw an income.在工作中,人们清楚地知道他们该做什么,工作,赚钱,为了得到收入完成他们必须要做的工作。这与划线单词相对应,employee draws out life-sustaining moola 和draw an income相对应,所以moola是earnings同义。
25.答案 B division of labor at home is seldom-clear-cut  这是一道因果细节题,答案定位在第五段首句,On the home front, however, people have no such clarity.然而,对于家庭,人们并不是很清楚。no such clarity与seldom-clear-cut 相对应。
                        
                   转眼间霜降已过,一阵阵北风让树叶纷纷凋落,2019的考生即将迎来考验的大时刻,这个阶段更要稳住步伐不慌不乱,跨小考期待与你考后在跨考教育导师库相见,那时再为已经通过初试,准备复试的你助力!
       据相关调查统计显示,以就业为导向,想要提高自身就业筹码而选择考研的考生占整体的近70%,准备开启2020考研征程的你,是为了什么而一往无前呢?为了给自己一个选择的机会,也为了更了解将来就业企业的择人标准,你需要趁这个寒假为考研开启预热模式——跨考寒假预科班,15天集训,直接定校定专业,让你全年的复习不再左摇右摆浪费时间!
      
       小编整理了历年考研真题及答案解析,关注微信公众号:跨考考研,回复“真题”即可获得,说不定还能找到一起上自习的研友哦!
2019秋季整合提升方案
2019考研公共课秋季整合2019最新考研政治大纲公共课考研大纲变动汇总
2019年考研政治《思修法基》练习试题及答案汇总【跨考名师精品】2019考研必读:复习方法及真题热点解读
2020考研择校则专业必知就业率高的十大考研专业推荐34所自主划线高校历年复试分数线(2012-2018)
这些相似的考研专业都有什么区别?跨专业考研难度较大的六大专业

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发表于 2018-12-8 14:53:30 | 显示全部楼层

                           Text 2
For years studies have found that first-generation college students-those who do not have a parent with a college degree-lag other students on a range of education achievement factors. Their grades are lower and their dropout rates are higher. But since such students are most likely to advance economically if they succeed in higher education colleges and universities have pushed for decades to recruit more of them. This has created “a paradox” in that recruiting first-generation students but then watching many of them fail means that higher education has “continued to reproduce and widen rather than close” achievement gap based on social class according to the depressing beginning of a paper forthcoming in the journal Psychological Science。
   But the article is actually quite optimistic as it outlines a potential solution to this problem suggesting that an approach(which involves a one-hour next-to-no-cost program)can close 63 percent of the achievement gap(measured by such factors as grades)between first-generation and other students。
   The authors of the paper are from different universities and their findings are based on a study involving 147 students(who completed the project)at an unnamed private university. First generation was defined as not having a parent with a four-year college degree Most of the first-generation students(59.1percent) were recipients of Pell Grants,a federal grant for undergraduates with financial need,while this was true only for 8.6 percent of the students with at least one parent with a four-year degree
   Their thesis-that a relatively modest intervention could have a big impact-was based on the view that first-gene ration students may be most lacking not in potential but in practical knowledge about how to deal with the issues that face most college students They cite past research by several authors to show that this is the gap that must be narrowed to close the achievement gap。
   Many first-generation students’ struggle to navigate the middle-class culture of higher education,learn the rules of the game, and take advantage of college resources” they write And this becomes more of a problem when collages don’t talk about the class advantage and disadvantages of different groups of students Because US colleges and universities seldom acknowledge how social class can affect students’ educational experience,many first-gene ration students lack sight about why they are struggling and do not understand how students’ like them can improve
   26. Recruiting more first-generation students has
[A]reduced their dropout rates
[B]narrowed the achievement gap
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