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2014考研英语阅读理解试题及名师解析(5)_跨考网

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发表于 2018-11-17 13:03:34 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  Ifambition is to be well regarded, the rewards of
ambition—wealth,distinction, control over one's destiny—must be deemedworthy of
the sacrifices made on ambition's behalf. If the tradition ofambition is to have
vitality, it must be widely shared; and it especially mustbe highly regarded by
people who are themselves admired, the educated not leastamong them. In an odd
way, however, it is the educated who have claimed to havegiven up on ambition as
an ideal. What is odd is that they have perhaps mostbenefited from ambition—if
not always their own then that of their parents and grandparents.There is a
heavy note of hypocrisy in this, a case of closing the barn doorafter the horses
have escaped―with the educated themselves riding on them。
      Certainly people do not seem less interested in success and itssigns now
than formerly. Summer homes, European travel, BMWs—thelocations, place names and
name brands may change, but such items do not seemless in demand today than a
decade or two years ago. What has happened is thatpeople cannot confess fully to
their dreams, as easily and openly as once theycould, lest they be thought
pushing, acquisitive and vulgar. Instead, we aretreated to fine hypocritical
spectacles, which now more than ever seem in amplesupply: the critic of American
materialism with a Southampton summer home; thepublisher of radical books who
takes his meals in three-star restaurants; the journalistadvocating
participatory democracy in all phases of life, whose own childrenare enrolled in
private schools. For such people and many more perhaps not soexceptional, the
proper formulation is," Succeed at all costs but avoidappearing ambitious."
      The attacks on ambition are many and come from various angles; itspublic
defenders are few and unimpressive, where they are not extremelyunattractive. As
a result, the support for ambition as a healthy impulse, aquality to be admired
and fixed in the mind of the young, is probably lowerthan it has ever been in
the United States. This does not mean that ambition isat an end, that people no
longer feel its stirrings and promptings, but onlythat, no longer openly
honored, it is less openly professed. Consequencesfollow from this, of course,
some of which are that ambition is drivenunderground, or made sly. Such, then,
is the way things stand: on the leftangry critics, on the right stupid
supporters, and in the middle, as usual, themajority of earnest people trying to
get on in life。
      27. It is generally believed that ambition may be well regarded
if_____。
      [A]its returns well compensate for the sacrifices
      [B]it is rewarded with money, fame and power
      [C]its goals are spiritual rather than material
      [D]it is shared by the rich and the famous
      28. The last sentence of the first paragraph most probably impliesthat it
is____ 。
      [A]customary of the educated to discard ambition in words
      [B]too late to check ambition once it has been let out
      [C]dishonest to deny ambition after the fulfillment of the goal
      [D]impractical for the educated to enjoy benefits from ambition
      29. Some people do not openly admit they have ambition because____ 。
      [A]they think of it as immoral
      [B]their pursuits are not fame or wealth
      [C]ambition is not closely related to material benefits
      [D]they do not want to appear greedy and contemptible
      30. From the last paragraph the conclusion can be drawn thatambition should
be maintained_____。
      [A]secretly and vigorously
      [B]openly and enthusiastically
      [C]easily and momentarily
      [D]verbally and spiritually
                        
                   转眼间霜降已过,一阵阵北风让树叶纷纷凋落,2019的考生即将迎来考验的大时刻,这个阶段更要稳住步伐不慌不乱,跨小考期待与你考后在跨考教育导师库相见,那时再为已经通过初试,准备复试的你助力!
       据相关调查统计显示,以就业为导向,想要提高自身就业筹码而选择考研的考生占整体的近70%,准备开启2020考研征程的你,是为了什么而一往无前呢?为了给自己一个选择的机会,也为了更了解将来就业企业的择人标准,你需要趁这个寒假为考研开启预热模式——跨考寒假预科班,15天集训,直接定校定专业,让你全年的复习不再左摇右摆浪费时间!
      
       小编整理了历年考研真题及答案解析,关注微信公众号:跨考考研,回复“真题”即可获得,说不定还能找到一起上自习的研友哦!
2019秋季整合提升方案
2019考研公共课秋季整合2019最新考研政治大纲公共课考研大纲变动汇总
2019年考研政治《思修法基》练习试题及答案汇总【跨考名师精品】2019考研必读:复习方法及真题热点解读
2020考研择校则专业必知就业率高的十大考研专业推荐34所自主划线高校历年复试分数线(2012-2018)
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发表于 2018-11-17 14:28:47 | 显示全部楼层

                        
      名师解析
      27. It is generally believed that ambition may be well regarded
if_____。
      普遍认为,如果____, 雄心就能够受人尊重。
      [A] its returns well compensate for the sacrifices
      雄心的回报充分补偿了所作的牺牲
      [B] it is rewarded with money, fame and power
      雄心以金钱、名誉和权力作为回报
      [C] its goals are spiritual rather than material
      雄心的目标是精神上的而不是物质上的
      [D] it is shared by the rich and the famous
      它是富人和名人共享的
      【答案】 A
      【考点】 事实细节题。
      【分析】
文章第一句指出,“雄心如果想要获得尊重,那么它的回报——财富、声望、对命运的掌控——则必须被认为值得为之牺牲”。也就是说,正确答案是[A]。[B]中的金钱、声望和对命运的控制,在第一句中,只是作为取得回报的三个例子,并非仅包括这三方面而已。因此,选择项[A]更加确切地表达了第一句的意思。[C]、[D]的说法显然不对。
      28. The last sentence of the first paragraph most probably impliesthat it
is____。
      第一段最后一句话很可能暗示的内容是____。
      [A] customary of the educated to discard ambition in words
      受过教育的人习惯于口头上抛弃雄心
      [B] too late to check ambition once it has been let out
      雄心一旦释放,要想再阻拦就晚了
      [C] dishonest to deny ambition after the fulfillment of the goal
      在目标达成之后不诚实地否认雄心
      [D] impractical for the educated to enjoy benefits from ambition
      对受过教育的人来说,要享受雄心带来的好处是不实际的。
      【答案】 C
      【考点】 句意题。
      【分析】
本句中出现一个比喻,意思是“他们是野心的受益者,但又虚伪地否认拥有野心的重要性”。这和[C]的意思是吻合的。[A]的错误在于它不够完整,没有提到受益这个概念。[B]的说法是字面意思。[D]选项没有根据。
      29. Some people do not openly admit they have ambition because____。
      一些人不公开宣称他们有雄心,是因为____。
      [A] they think of it as immoral
      他们认为这不道德
      [B] their pursuits are not fame or wealth
      他们追求的不是名声和财富
      [C] ambition is not closely related to material benefits
      雄心和物质利益并非紧密相连
      [D] they do not want to appear greedy and contemptible
      他们不想让自己看上去贪婪和可鄙
      【答案】 D
      【考点】 事实细节题。
      【分析】 根据第二段第三句,“现在,人们不能像以前那样轻易公开地承认自己的梦想,以免别人认为自己爱出风头,贪婪和庸俗”,所以答案是[D]。
      30. From the last paragraph the conclusion can be drawn thatambition should
be maintained_____。
      从最后一段可以得出雄心应该被____ _ 保持这一结论。
      [A]secretly and vigorously 秘密并严格地
      [B]openly and enthusiastically 公开和充满热情地
      [C]easily and momentarily 容易并暂时地
      [D]verbally and spiritually 在语言上和精神上
      【答案】 B
      【考点】 作者观点题。
      【分析】
文章最后一段提到“本应该是一种健康的冲动,一种应该受人仰慕并扎根于青年人心灵的品质的雄心,却被人攻击,得不到支持。由于不公开,雄心转为地下,雄心变得偷偷摸摸”。由此推论,作者认为人们不应该隐瞒自己的雄心,而应该坦言。
                        
                   转眼间霜降已过,一阵阵北风让树叶纷纷凋落,2019的考生即将迎来考验的大时刻,这个阶段更要稳住步伐不慌不乱,跨小考期待与你考后在跨考教育导师库相见,那时再为已经通过初试,准备复试的你助力!
       据相关调查统计显示,以就业为导向,想要提高自身就业筹码而选择考研的考生占整体的近70%,准备开启2020考研征程的你,是为了什么而一往无前呢?为了给自己一个选择的机会,也为了更了解将来就业企业的择人标准,你需要趁这个寒假为考研开启预热模式——跨考寒假预科班,15天集训,直接定校定专业,让你全年的复习不再左摇右摆浪费时间!
      
       小编整理了历年考研真题及答案解析,关注微信公众号:跨考考研,回复“真题”即可获得,说不定还能找到一起上自习的研友哦!
2019秋季整合提升方案
2019考研公共课秋季整合2019最新考研政治大纲公共课考研大纲变动汇总
2019年考研政治《思修法基》练习试题及答案汇总【跨考名师精品】2019考研必读:复习方法及真题热点解读
2020考研择校则专业必知就业率高的十大考研专业推荐34所自主划线高校历年复试分数线(2012-2018)
这些相似的考研专业都有什么区别?跨专业考研难度较大的六大专业

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发表于 2018-11-17 15:39:51 | 显示全部楼层

                        
      难句解析:
      1. If the tradition of ambition is to have vitality, it must bewidely
shared; and it especially must be highly regarded by people who arethemselves
admired, the educated not least among them。
      【结构分析】本句是并列句,前一个分句中,“if”引导条件状语从句,主句主语“it”指代“the tradition of
ambition”。后一个分句中“who”引导一个定语从句修饰“people”,“theeducated not least among
them”是“people”的补语。
      2. What has happened is that people cannot confess fully to theirdreams, as
easily and openly as once they could, lest they be thought pushing,acquisitive
and vulgar。
      【结构分析】“what”引导主语从句,“that”引导表语从句。“as…as…”结构做程度状语,此外“lest”引导带虚拟语气的假设状语从句。
      3. Instead, we are treated to fine hypocritical spectacles, whichnow more
than ever seem in ample supply: the critic of American materialismwith a
Southampton summer home; the publisher of radical books who takes hismeals in
three-star restaurants; the journalist advocating participatorydemocracy in all
phases of life, whose own children are enrolled in privateschools。
      【结构分析】本句看上去很长,主句是“we are treated to fine hypocritical
spectacles”。“which”引导一个非限定性定语从句修饰“spectacles”。在冒号的后面是三个并列的名词性短语,关键词分别是“critic”,“publisher”和“journalist”。
      全文翻译:
      雄心如果想要获得尊重,那么它的回报——财富、声望、对命运的掌控——则必须被认为值得为之牺牲。如果雄心的传统要焕发生命力,那么它就应该受到广泛的认同;雄心尤其应该得到那些自身得到他人崇拜的人们的高度尊重,那些接受过良好教育的人最应该包括在内。怪就怪在恰恰是那些受过良好教育的人在声称他们不再将雄心作为理想。可是奇怪的是他们已经从雄心中受益最多——如果不总是他们自己的雄心,那么就是他们父母的和祖父母的。这其中有着强烈的虚伪感,就好比把马放跑后再关上马厩的门,而骑在那些马背上的正是受过良好教育的人自己。
      当然,现在人们对成功及其标志的兴趣似乎不逊从前,夏日别墅,欧洲旅行、宝马轿车——尽管它们的地点、地名和商标可能会不一样,但现在对这些东西的需求似乎并未比一、二十年前减少。现在,人们不能像以前那样轻易公开地承认自己的梦想,以免别人认为自己爱出风头,贪婪和庸俗。相反,我们目睹的是得体的虚伪,而且比以前任何时候都多。如:美国物欲主义批评家在南安普顿拥有一幢夏日别墅;激进读物的出版商到三星级宾馆就餐;倡导终生参与民主制的新闻记者却把自己的子女送进私立学校。对于这样的人,以及其他许多不如他们这么特殊的人而言,最好的表达是“成功不惜一切代价,雄心不让任何人看出”。
      很多人从不同角度对雄心进行了攻击;却没什么人为之公开辩护,即使辩护也不能服人,尽管辩护者并非极不引人注意。因此,在美国,本应该是一种健康的冲动,一种应该受人仰慕并扎根于青年人心灵的品质的雄心,其得到的支持也许比以往任何时期都低。但这并不意味着雄心已经结束了,人们不再感觉到它对人们的激励了,只是人们不再公开地以它为荣,更少愿意公开地承认。很多不良后果随之而来,如雄心被赶入地下,或变得偷偷摸摸。现在的情况是这样的:左边是愤怒的批评家,右边是愚蠢的支持者,而居中的通常是大多数认真而努力追求成功的人。
      2014年考研报名现场确认信息
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        更多2014年考研备考资料,点击进入跨考英语频道>>>
                        
                   转眼间霜降已过,一阵阵北风让树叶纷纷凋落,2019的考生即将迎来考验的大时刻,这个阶段更要稳住步伐不慌不乱,跨小考期待与你考后在跨考教育导师库相见,那时再为已经通过初试,准备复试的你助力!
       据相关调查统计显示,以就业为导向,想要提高自身就业筹码而选择考研的考生占整体的近70%,准备开启2020考研征程的你,是为了什么而一往无前呢?为了给自己一个选择的机会,也为了更了解将来就业企业的择人标准,你需要趁这个寒假为考研开启预热模式——跨考寒假预科班,15天集训,直接定校定专业,让你全年的复习不再左摇右摆浪费时间!
      
       小编整理了历年考研真题及答案解析,关注微信公众号:跨考考研,回复“真题”即可获得,说不定还能找到一起上自习的研友哦!
2019秋季整合提升方案
2019考研公共课秋季整合2019最新考研政治大纲公共课考研大纲变动汇总
2019年考研政治《思修法基》练习试题及答案汇总【跨考名师精品】2019考研必读:复习方法及真题热点解读
2020考研择校则专业必知就业率高的十大考研专业推荐34所自主划线高校历年复试分数线(2012-2018)
这些相似的考研专业都有什么区别?跨专业考研难度较大的六大专业
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