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2019考研英语:作文主题词之经济贸易类

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发表于 2018-8-4 09:05:49 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  经济贸易类
          现在社会,什么都离不开经济,比如一直沸沸扬扬的“中美贸易战”,所有经济贸易一定是个很热门的话题。
          1.改革产业结构 reform the structure of industries
          2.亏损企业 loss-making enterprises
          3.搞活企业 enliven enterprises
          4.加快现代化步伐 quicken the modernization drive
          5.跨国公司 transnational corporation / multinational corporation
          6.乡镇企业 township enterprises
          7.国有企业 state-owned enterprises
          8.合资企业 joint ventures
          9.解放生产力 emancipate/ liberate productivity
          10.振兴国家经济 invigorate our state economy
          11.实行股份制 introduce the shareholding system
          12.全面深化改革 deepen reform all round
          13.提高经济效益 improve economic results
          14.增进效益 increase economic returns
          15.宏观经济调控 macro-economic control and management
          16.经济实力 economic strength
          17.经济转轨 economic transformation
          18.经营机制 operative mechanism
          19.整顿经济秩序 rectify economic order
          20.引进竞争机制 introduce a competitive mechanism
          21.建立技术密集型企业 set up technologically-intensive enterprises
          22.招商引资 canvass business and introduce investment
          23.房地产 real estate
          24.经济特区 special economic zone
          25.基础设施 infrastructure facilities
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发表于 2018-8-4 09:55:10 | 显示全部楼层

          26.豆腐渣工程 jerry-built projects
          27.投资热点 investment hot spot
          28.外向型经济 export-oriented economy
          29.按劳分配 distribute according to the work performance
          30.打破平均主义 break / abandon equalitarian
          31.沿海开放城市 open coastal cities
          32.保税区 bonded zone/ area
          33.金融改革 banking reform
          34.国民生产总值 Gross National Product
          35.扶贫项目 anti-poverty project
          36.下海经商 plunge into the private business
          37.协调发展 coordinate the development
          38.住房改革 housing reform
          39.社会保障体系 social security system
          40.数字时代 digital times
          41.信息高速公路 the information super highway
          42.虚拟社区 virtual communities
          43.“菜蓝子”工程 the “shopping-basket” project ( the non-staple food project)
          44.拳头产品 knock-out products/ competitive products
          45.市场萧条 slack market
          46.中国质量万里行 China’s Long March to Quality campaign
          47.冒牌产品 fake brand-name products
          48.假冒伪劣商品 fake and poor quality commodities
          49.谋取暴力 reap colossal profits
          50.提出索赔 lodge a claim
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发表于 2018-8-4 10:28:53 | 显示全部楼层

          51.投诉 lodge complaint
          52.贸易争端 trade disputes
          53.乱收费 random charges
          54.市场疲软 sluggish market
          55.贸易顺差 favorable trade balance
          56.贸易逆差 unfavorable trade balance
          57.实行优惠政策 launch a preferential policy
          58.繁荣市场 flourish the market
          59.加入世贸组织 accession to the WTO/ entry into the WTO
          60.最惠国待遇 Most-Favored-Nation treatment
          61.消费者协会 consumer’s association
          62.消费者购买力 consumer purchasing power
          63.新兴市场 emerging market
          64.抑制消费 control / inhibit consumption
          65.无形资产 intangible assets
          66.有形资产 tangible assets
          67.市场占有率 market share
          68.严重违约 grave breach of contract
          69.泡沫经济 bubble economy
          70.品牌效应 brand effect
          71.企业重组 reshuffle of enterprises
          72.贸易壁垒 trade barrier
          73.人才流失 brain drain
          74.清理“三角债” break up the debt chain
          75.企业文化 corporate culture
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发表于 2018-8-4 11:30:00 | 显示全部楼层

          76.商业炒作 commercial speculation
          77.扩大内需,刺激消费 expand domestic demand and consumption
          78.拉动经济增长 fuel economic growth
          79.连锁反应 chain reaction / domino effect
          80.竞争优势 competitive edge
          81.经济结构调整 economic restructuring
          82.经济增长点 economic growth point ; growth engine
          83.经济过热 overheated economy
          84.经济滑坡 economic downturn
          85.集约化经营 intensive management
          86.灰色收入 gray income
          87.福利分房 welfare-oriented public housing distribution system
          88.分期付款 installment payment
          89.从粗放经济转变为集约经济 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy
          90.按揭购房 buy a house on a mortgage ; mortgage a house
          91.边际效益 marginal benefit
          92.不良贷款 non-performing loan
          93.裁减冗员 lay off redundant staff; cut down on overstaffing
          94.产品更新换代 upgrade of products
          95.创业园 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park
          96.促进全球经济一体化 foster integration with the global economy
          97.家庭联产承包责任制 household contract responsibility system
          98.人才战 competition for talented people
          99.脱贫致富 shake/cast off poverty and set out a road to prosperity
          100.资源优化配置 optimizing the allocation of resources
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