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2017考研英语之经典词汇复习(四)

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发表于 2016-6-26 12:52:24 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
在考研英语复习的前期,我们一定要重视英语词汇的复习,尤其是一些真题经典句子中词汇的释义和理解,尤为重要,因为这些词汇会多次在真题中以不同的形式出现,但是基础词根意思都是一样的。因此,在日常学习中,我们可以通过学习经典的真题例句来理解和记忆单词,通过语境,理解多义词的比较和选择,有效地记忆单词和运用单词。
  下面我们一起来学习几组句子,通过句子记忆里面的经典单词。
  1)The complementary coastlines and certain geological features that seem to span the ocean are reminders of where the two continents were once joined. (真题 1998, Text 5, Paragraph 2)
  但互补的海岸线和某些似乎跨越海洋的地质特征会使人想到这两个大陆曾经是连在一起的。
  2)In any case, basic computer skills are only complementary to the host of real skills that are necessary to becoming any kind of professional.(真题 1999, Text 3, Paragraph 4)
  不管怎样,基本的计算机技能只是补充,要想成为任何一种专业技术人员还必须要有很多真技能。
  3)Marlin is a young man of independent thinking who is not about compliments to his political leaders. (真题 1999, Structure and Vocabulary, 第9 题 正确答案:C)
  [A] paying [B] having paid [C] to pay [D] to have paid
  马林是个有独立思想的年轻人,他不打算恭维他的政界领导人。
  注:be not about to do sth 是美国俗语,意思是“不打算,不愿意做某事”。
  4)Implementing the new science standards and their math counterparts will be the challenge, he and Schmidt agree, because the decentralized responsibility for education in the United States requires that any reforms be tailored and instituted one community at a time. (CET-6, 2005.1, Passage 3, Paragraph 8)
  实施这个新的科学标准并在数学课中也这样执行,是一项挑战,他和Schmidt都这么认为。因为美国教育管理权限分散,要求每项改革都必须因地制宜一次一个社区地进行。
  5)And if one received a grape without having to provide her token in exchange at all, the other either tossed her own token at the researcher or out of the chamber, or refused to accept the slice of cucumber .(真题 2005, Text 1,Paragraph 4)
  如果一只猴子根本无需用代币就能够得到一颗葡萄的话,那么另外一只就会将代币掷向研究人员或者扔出房间外,或者拒绝接受那片黄瓜。
  6) The goal of all will be to try to explain to a confused and often unenlightened citizenry that there are not two equally valid scientific theories for the origin and evolution of universe and life. (真题 1996, Text 5, Paragraph 1)
  所有这些书的目的是试图告诉那些迷惑不解而且常常是愚昧无知的芸芸众生:就宇宙和生命的起源与发展问题而言,不可能存在两种同时有效成立的科学理论。
  7)But in legal systems, the responsibility for revenge becomes depersonalized and diffused. (CET-6, 2002.6, Passage 3, Paragraph 2)
  但是在法律体系中,报复的责任变得非个人化和分散化
  总之,英语词汇的记忆不是一蹴而就,它是个长期坚持学习和回顾的过程。希望大家在学习单词时,一定要脚踏实地地复习,循环往复的回顾和理解,通过真题句子能够融汇贯通地分析句子和记忆单词,达到熟练理解和运用大纲词汇的效果。最后,文都教育祝给位考生旗开得胜。
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