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2017考研:英语作文,应用文写作的框架结构

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发表于 2016-6-26 12:52:11 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  小编相信大家都应该看考研英语的大纲要求,作文这一项里,包含的应用文的类型是多种多样的,比如:投诉信、建议信、申请信、求职信、辞职信、求学习呢、求助信、感谢信、号召信、道歉信、简历、备忘录、寻物启事、招领启事等等,但是小编根据历年真题整理出来的数据表明,最常考到的是书信,尤其是在近几年的考研作文中,应用文考的最多就是书信体应用文。所以小编整理了一个书信的通用模板的格式给大家,供大家参考。
  一、首段的写作方法
  1.问候收信人
  Dear Sir/Madam
  2.解释写信的原因
  申请:
  I’m writing for an opportunity to work in your esteemed company that boasts of decadesof reputation
  邀请:I’m writing to request your attendance to a dinner party that is to be held in Beijing onAugust.
  感谢:I am writing to extend my heartfelt thanks (sincere gratitude)toward…
  投诉:I am writing to complain about the poor quality of a product that I purchased from yourstore two weeks ago.
  祝贺:I am writing to extend my sincere greetings, wishing you a happyNew Year, your careergreater success and your family happiness.
  二、中间段的写作方法
  1.阅读题目要求,找到可以用到的名词或动词。
  【示例】Write a letter of application according to the following situation. You saw anadvertisement in this morning’s newspaper. A company needs a secretary and you are interested.Write an application letter to that company.
  2.注意题目文字暗示,把名词具体化,把动词近义词化
  【示例】I am pleased to discover from Beijing Youth that your company is calling for a secretary. Iwonder if you could consider my application, for I am delighted to join your esteemed company.First, I can speak and write English fluently, which happens to meet your current requirement forthe vacancy. Second, I have a good command of Microsoft Office System, Graphic Design andADOBE system. Third and last, I am always ready to help other people because I’m patient,enthusiastic and sincere. Given these considerations, I sincerely hope that I can be a member ofyour esteemed company.
  三、结尾段的写作方法(三句话)
  【示例】I would appreciate your assistance in this matter. If you have any question, please don’thesitate to contact me. I can be reached at…Look forward to your reply.
  四、署名
  在文章右下角署名,一般格式为:Your sincerely…
  小编这次和大家分享的其实是信件的标准通用模板,即放之四海皆准的框架结构,其实考验英语作文不乏有出现写信这种格式的考察方法,那么小编需要提醒大家的就是,信件的写作一定要注意格式,信件的写作格式简直是送分大家的呀我的童鞋们,如果因为格式问题扣分是不是很冤枉呢!那除了格式之外同学们还要注意的就是信件内容需要把控清楚,不要脱离要求,接下来的时间里,小编或陆陆续续放上来一些应用文的其他类型的模板给大家,比如信件的具体类型,投诉信、建议信之类的,感兴趣的同学跟进就好了哦!
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