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2017考研英语热点新闻翻译:机器人技术的发展

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发表于 2016-6-26 12:51:49 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
备考考研的同学们平时应该多读一些英文时事新闻,不仅能了解时事热点,积累素材,同时也使自己写作中的英语表达更加丰富。下面我们跟着文都考研英语老师学习2016年4月20日的一篇有关机器人科技的英语新闻,通过这篇新闻同学们不仅能够学习到一些考研高频词汇和短语,比如:install,rivals,stack,turn against等,还将学到科技前沿词汇,比如humanoid robots仿生机器人等。
Inside advances in robot technology
机器人技术的发展
Last year, more than 200,000 robots were shipped around the world for industrial use. Nearly 60 percent of them were installed in plants, building automobiles. But it might not be long before we see them off the factory floor and participating in everyday life.
去年200多个机器人被运到世界各地并运用到工业当中,接近60%的机器人被安装在工厂里制造汽车。不过也许不久我们将看到机器人离开工厂而参与到日常生活当中。
There are cute robots, famous robots and robots that look like us. Robots have become more advanced and will likely become a bigger part of our daily lives in the years ahead.
有可爱的机器人,著名的机器人,还有长得像我们的机器人。机器人变得更加先进,而且很可能在未来的几年,成为我们日常生活中一个更加重要的部分。
Some robots are just for fun like these soccer-bots or this ping pong playing robot. Other robots may one day become our rivals in the workplace as they become able to: pick strawberries, stack boxes, direct traffic, prepare food and make us a cocktail-- shaken not stirred.
一些机器人只是为了消遣,比如这些踢足球的机器人和打乒乓球的机器人,其他的机器人当他们能够完成摘草莓,箱子,指挥交通,准备食物并做鸡尾酒(摇匀,不要搅拌)等工作的时候,可能会成为我们工作中的竞争对手
Robots have met heads of state including Chilean President Michelle Bachelet, who met this somewhat confused looking robot. There have been robots on stage and robots in space.
机器人已经和许多国家的首脑见过面,包括智利总统米歇尔·巴奇莱特,她见过这个看起来有些迷惑的机器人。还有一些机器人在舞台上表演,或者在太空中。
Some robots are becoming more humanoid. This is Jia Jia - created at the University of Science and Technology of China.
一些机器人变得更像人类。这是Jia Jia ,由中国科学技术大学创造。
A man in Hong Kong built this very human looking robot as a companion.
香港有一个人制造了这个长得非常像人类的机器人作为自己的同伴。
A robot so realistic looking that she- or rather it- can be a little unsettling.
机器人看起来太像真人的时候会让人有些不安
"The more androids look like humans, the more humans fear them. That's a natural reaction," Creator of Asuna Takeshi Mita said.
机器人越像人类,人类就越害怕它们,这是一种自然的反应。” Asuna Takeshi Mita 的创造者说。
Making a robot that is more like a human has several advantages if we want them to operate in a world built for humans.
制作更像人类的机器人有几个好处,如果你想要它们在人类的世界中起作用的话。
Humanoid robots have an easier time driving vehicles, operating machinery and walking on stairs- even if they sometimes fall.
仿人机器人更容易做一些事情,比如开车,操作机器以及在楼梯上走路,尽管他们有时候会摔倒。
This is PETMAN- a robot created for the U.S. military. It's partially autonomous- which means it can make some decisions on its own. PETMAN was designed to test uniforms, but it's not hard to imagine a gun in its hand. A future with so-called "killer robots" is raising ethical concerns.
这是给美国军队制作的机器人---PETMAN。他是部分自动的,也就是说它能够自己做一些决定。设计PETMAN是用来测试制服的,但是不难想象他手里拿一杆枪。所谓的“机器人杀手”的未来正引发伦理方面的担忧。
"Who will be responsible for one of these weapons systems killing an innocent person. It's very unclear, we don't have the framework in place to understand. Is it the person who built the autonomous robot. Is it the person who built the program. It is the person who turned it on Who is going to be responsible? We don't understand these questions," Toby Walsh with University of New South Wales said.
“谁来为这些杀害无辜人的武器系统负责,这一点非常不清晰,我们没有一个体系来理解这个问题,谁来负责?是制作自动机器人的人,还是编写程序的人,还是打开机器人的人,我们不明白这些问题。”新南威尔士大学的Toby Walsh表示。
And as robots become smarter and more resilient, some fear that one day these creations of man could turn against us.
随着机器人变得更加聪明,更加有弹性,有些人害怕有一天这些人类的创造物会转而反对人类。
"Could there be a robot rebellion one day? Who knows. Researchers in that field are trying to create feelings, to create emotions and to express them, but to create a machine that is able to think by itself is something complicated, and we won't see it in a near future," Santiago Martinez De La Casa Carlos III with University of Madrid said
“未来会发生机器人叛乱吗?没有人知道。这一领域的研究者正尝试创造感觉,创造感情以及表达感情,但是创造一个能够自己思考的机器是复杂的,而且在近期我们无法达到这一点。”马德里大学的Santiago Martinez De La Casa Carlos III 说。
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