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2018考研英语双语阅读:最考验智商的十种职业

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发表于 2017-9-13 20:37:05 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  2018考研复习进行时,考研英语阅读真题中的文章,多摘自英美主流外刊,有时候你认识所有单词、搞清全部语法还不够,还需要了解英美文化,掌握他们的表达方式,这就是阅读的潜台词。下面新东方网考研频道考研整理《2018考研英语双语阅读精选》,速来学习吧!
       
          10 Jobs Where Employees Tend to Have the Highest IQs
          最考验智商的十种职业
          导读:经调查表明这十种职业的从业人员平均智商最高。
          1. Doctors and surgeons
          1)医生
          Becoming a doctor means running a rather crazy gauntlet. It’ll take many
years of schooling just to get into a residency or entry-level job, and that
alone means you need to have more grit, drive, and intelligence than the average
person. For that reason, many doctors tend to have higher IQ scores.
          成为一名医生意味着要进行一场相当疯狂的挑战。只是想成为一名实习或入门级别的医生,就需要很多年的学习,这就意味着你需要比一般人更有勇气、更有干劲、更有智慧。因此,许多医生的IQ较高。
          2. College professors
          2)大学教授
          To be a professor means to profess, and you can’t do much of that without
some kind of smarts. Professors typically hold high-level college degrees, and
are experts in their field. To get there, you have to be a thinker, and someone
who can soak up knowledge like a sponge.
          成为一名教授意味着要会发表自己的主张,而如果没有一定的智商,就无法做到这一点。教授们通常拥有高水准的大学学位,并且是他们所在领域的专家。要成为一名大学教授,你必须是一个思考者,一个能像海绵一样吸收知识的人。
          3. Electrical engineers
          3)电气工程师
          Engineering isn’t an easy profession to get into, and like many other
highly specialized fields, it requires a lot of education and the ability to
think abstractly. That doesn’t come easy for most people, so for those in the
engineering field — electrical engineering, specifically — the job tends to
attract very smart applicants.
          工程学并不是一个容易涉足的领域,和许多其他高度专业化的领域一样,它要求从业者受过良好的教育并且有抽象思维能力。对于大多数人来说,这并不容易,所以工程领域,特别是电气工程往往会吸引很多非常聪明的申请人。
          4. Lawyers
          4)律师
          Abstract thinking and the ability to recall volumes worth of information is
necessary to be a good attorney, and that’s one of the reasons the average
person isn’t cut out for the law profession.
          抽象思维和回忆有价值信息的能力是成为一名优秀的律师所必需的,这也是普通人不适合法律专业的原因之一。
          5. Scientists
          5)科学家
          “Scientist” is an incredibly broad term, and in this case, is used to
describe a number of professions. Scientists can work in health care, technology
— almost any sector you can think of. And they all need the intelligence to
solve complex problems and come to logical solutions. In other words, they need
to be very smart.
          “科学家”是一个非常宽泛的术语,因此,它可被用来描述许多职业。科学家可以涉足医疗保健、科技等几乎任何你能想到的领域。他们都需要有足够的智慧来解决复杂的问题,并找到合乎逻辑的解决方案。也就是说,他们需要非常聪明。
          6. Materials and design engineers
          6)材料和设计工程师
          Another offshoot in the engineering field, design and materials engineers
need to have deep understandings of a number of subjects, including science and
math. For the average person, those probably aren’t strong suits. If you want to
get deep into design, a high IQ is almost certainly a prerequisite.
          工程领域的另一个分支,设计和材料工程师需要对很多学科有深刻的理解,包括科学和数学。一般人可能不会擅长这些。如果你想深入设计领域,高智商几乎是一个必要先决条件。
          7. Software and IT professionals
          7)软件和IT专业人员
          In many cities, workers for big tech companies are moving in and taking
over — all with higher than average salaries. In most of those cases, a higher
than average intelligence is necessary to tackle the problems that tech
companies are facing, like staying a step ahead of consumers’ wants and
needs.
          在许多城市,大型科技公司的员工都在不断涌入,他们的工资都高于平均工资。在大多数情况下,要解决科技公司所面临的问题,比如如何领先一步了解消费者的需求,需要智商高于平均水平的人才能办到。
          8. Sales
          8)销售人员
          This is perhaps the most surprising job on the list. You don’t necessarily
need to be smart to get into sales — more ruthless and gritty, than anything.
But when you think about it, being a brilliant salesperson is much easier if
you’re smart.
          这可能是这份榜单上最出人意料的一项。要进入这个比任何行业都更无情、更残酷的销售领域,你不一定必须要聪明。但是,你仔细想想,如果你聪明的话,做一个出色的销售会变得容易得多。
          9. Finance
          9)金融
          It’s due to the insane complexity of the financial sector that only very
bright and very hungry people make it to Wall Street.
          出于金融部门的让人难以理解的复杂性考虑,只有非常聪明和非常饥饿的人才能在华尔街生存下去。
          10. Real estate
          10)房地产
          Another surprising entry, real estate professionals tend to be smarter than
the average bear. Real estate professionals do require a number of skills and
smarts: They need to be salespeople, have the financial know-how, know a thing
or two about design and engineering, and even a bit about law.
          房地产是另一个令人惊讶的领域,房地产专业人士往往比普通人更聪明。房地产专业人士确实需要一些技能和智慧:他们需要做销售,有财务知识,对设计和工程有一定了解,甚至还需要有一点法律知识。
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