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2018考研英语必背260个短语(上)

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发表于 2017-9-13 17:50:56 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  考研英语单词有5500个之多,对一些基础薄弱的同学们而言,要熟练地背下来有些困难。在所有记单词的方法当中,词根词缀法是非常有效的一种,今天就为大家分享2018考研英语必背260个短语(上),希望对大家有所帮助~
  考研英语必背短语
  1.abide by (=be faithful to; obey)忠于;遵守。
  2.be absent from….缺席,不在
  3.absence or mind (=being absent-minded)心不在焉
  4.absorb (=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态): be absorbed in全神贯注于…近: be engrossed in; be lost in; be rapt in; be concentrated on; be focused on; be centered on
  5.(be) abundant in (be rich in; be well supplied with)富于,富有
  6.access (to) (不可数名词)能接近,进入,了解
  7.by accident (=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident (=safely)安全地,
  8.of one's own accord (=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,主动地
  9.in accord with与…一致. out of one's accord with同….不一致
  10.with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地
  11.in accordance with (=in agreement with)依照,根据
  12.on one's own account
  1)为了某人的缘故,为了某人自己的利益
  2)(=at one's own risk)自行负责
  3)(=by oneself)依靠自己on account赊账; on account of因为; on no account不论什么原因也不; of…account有…..重要性.
  13.take…into account (=consider)把...考虑进去
  14.give sb. an account of说明,解释(理由)
  15.account for (=give an explanation or reason for)解释,说明.
  16.on account of (=because of)由于,因为.
  17.on no account (=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)
  18.accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth.; blame sth. on sb.; complain about)指控,控告
  19.be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.
  20.be acquainted with (=to have knowledge of)了解; (=to have met socially)熟悉
  21.act on奉行,按照…行动; act as扮演; act for代理
  22.adapt oneself to (=adjust oneself to)使自己适应于
  23.adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need)改编,改写(以适应新的需要)
  24.in addition (=besides)此外,又,加之
  25.in addition to (=as well as, besides, other than)除…外
  26.adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe,opinion, belief)粘附;坚持,遵循
  27.adjacent (=next to, close to)毗邻的,临近的
  28.adjust...(to) (=change slightly)调节;适应
  29.admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地
  30.in advance (before in time)预告,事先
  31.to advantage有利的,使优点更加突出地.
  32.have an advantage over胜过. have theadvantage of由于…处于有利条件have the advantageof sb.知道某人所不知道的事
  33.take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.
  34.agree with赞同(某人意见) agree to同意
  35.in agreement (with)同意,一致
  36.ahead of在…之前,超过…;……………. ahead of time提前.
  37.in the air 1)不肯定,不具体. 2)在谣传中.
  38.above all (=especially, most important of all)尤其是,最重要的.
  39.in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether)总共,总计
  40.after all毕竟,到底; (not) at all一点也不; all at once (=suddenly)突然; once and for all只此一次;above all最重要的; first of all首先; all in all大体上说; be all in累极了; all but几乎.
  41.allow for (=take into consideration, take into account)考虑到,估计到.
  42.amount to (=to be equal to)总计,等于.
  43.answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for)对…负责.
  44.answer to (=conform to)适合,符合.
  45.be anxious about为…焦急不安;或anxious for
  46.apologize to sb. for sth.为…向…道歉
  47.appeal to sb. for sth.为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb.对某人有吸引力
  48.apply to sb. for sth.为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to适用.
  49.apply to与…有关;适用
  50.approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right)赞成,approve vt.批准
  51.arise from (=be caused by)由…引起.
  52.arrange for sb./sth. to do sth.安排…做…
  53.arrive on到达; arrive at到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in到达某地(大地方);
  54.be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done)以…为羞耻
  55.assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.)向…保证,使…确信.
  56.attach (to) (=to fix, fasten; join)缚,系,结
  57.make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.)试图做…
  58.attend to (=give one's attention, care and thought)注意,照顾; attend on (upon)(=wait upon,serve, look after)侍候,照料
  59.attitude to/ toward …对…的态度.看法
  60.attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于..,认为..是..的结果
  61.on the average (=on average, on an average)平均
  62.(be) aware of (=be conscious of, havingknowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.
  63.at the back of (=behind)在…后面
  64.in the back of在…后部(里面); on the back of在…后部(外面); be on one's back (=be ill in bed)卧病不起.
  65.at one's back (=supporting or favoring sb.)支持,维护; have sb. at one's back有…支持,有…作后台
  66.turn one's back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way)不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃
  67.behind one's back背着某人(说坏话)
  68.be based on / upon基于
  69.on the basis of根据…,在…基础上
  70.beat…at在…运动项目上打赢
  71.begin with以…开始. to begin with (=first of all)首先,第一(经常用于开始语)
  72.on behalf of (=as the representative of)以…名义
  73.believe in (=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true)相信,依赖,信仰.
  74.benefit (from)受益,得到好处.
  75.for the benefit of为了…的利益(好处)
  76.for the better好转
  77.get the better of (=defeat sb.)打败,胜过.
  78.by birth在出生上,论出身,按血统at birth在出生时; give birth to出生
  79.blame sb. for sth.因…责备某人. blame sth. on sb.把…推在某人身上
  80.in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)
  81.on board到船上,在船上,上火车或飞机
  82.boast of (or about)吹嘘
  83.out of breath喘不过气来
  84.in brief (=in as few words as possible)简言之
  85.in bulk成批地,不散装的
  86.take the floor起立发言
  87.on business出差办事.
  88.be busy with sth.于某事。 be busy doing sth.忙于做某事
  89.last but one倒数第二.
  90.but for (=without)要不是.表示假设
  91.buy sth. for…money用多少钱买
  92.be capable of能够,有能力be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的
  93.in any case (=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens;anyhow)无论如何
  94.in case (=for fear that)万一;
  95.in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一in the case of至于…,就…而言
  96.in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)
  97.be cautious of谨防
  98.center one's attention on (=focus one's attention on)把某人的注意力集中在…上
  99.be certain of (=be sure of)有把握,一定.
  100.for certain of (=for sure)肯定地,有把握
  101.by chance (=accidentally, by accident)偶然
  102.for a change换换环境(花样等)
  103.charge sb. with …控告某人犯有…
  104.in charge of (=responsible for)负责(某事) in the charge of …由…管
  105.take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)
  106.charge…for因…索取(费用), charge sb. with sth.控告某人犯有…
  107.round the clock (=all day and all night, usually without stopping)昼夜不停地
  108.comment on评论
  109.commit oneself to使自己承担… commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱; commit one's idea towriting把某人的想法写下来; commit a matter to a committee把某事交给委员会讨论
  110.in common (和…)有共同之处,共用. be common to sb.是与某人所共有的
  111.keep company with (=be friendly and go out together)和…要好.
  112.compare…with …把…与…比较
  113.compare…to…把…比作…
  114.by comparison比较起来
  115.in comparison with (=in contrast to)和…比起来
  116.compensate for (=give sth. to make up for)补偿,赔偿,弥补compensate sb. for sth.赔偿,弥补
  117.complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告; complain about抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb.about sth. (or sb.)向某人抱怨…; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维)
  118.comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.)遵守,依从
  119.conceive of (think of, imagine, consider)想象,设想
  120.concentrate on (or upon)集中,专心
  121.be concerned with (=about)与…有关
  122.concern oneself about / with关心
  123.in conclusion (=as the last thing)最后一点; at the conclusion of当…结束时;
  124.condemn sb. to判决
  125.on condition that (=if)以…为条件,假如. in that = because因为; now that = since既然;for allthat = although尽管
  126.in / out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit / not fit)健康状况好/不好. in good (bad)condition处于良好(坏)状态
  127.confess (to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认,供认; confess to a crime承认罪行.
  128.confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about one's secret)对…讲真心话,依赖
  129.in confidence推心置腹地; with confidence满怀信心地; have confidence in对…有信心
  130.confidence in sb. / sth.对…的信赖
  以上是中公考研为大家准备整理的“2018考研英语必背260个短语(上)”的相关内容。另中公考研提醒大家2018考研招生简章、2018考研招生目录、2018考研大纲已陆续公布,中公考研将为大家及时提供相关资讯。另外,为了帮助考生更好地复习,中公考研为广大学子推出2018考研秋季集训营、VIP1对1、保研课程系列备考专题,针对每一个科目要点进行深入的指导分析,还会根据每年的考研大纲进行针对性的分析哦~欢迎各位考生了 解咨询。同时,中公考研一直为大家推出考研直播课堂,足不出户就可以边听课边学习,为大家的考研梦想助力!
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