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2017考研翻译硕士常考英文词汇:C

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发表于 2017-8-6 23:19:46 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
翻译硕士总共考四门,分别是:政治、211翻译硕士英语、351英语翻译基础、451汉语写作与百科知识。其中最难的就是英语了,翻译硕士英语卷按专八标准命题,下面给大家分享翻译硕士英文词汇,希望能帮助大家更好的复习!
      C
    擦边球 "edge ball, touch ball"
    擦网球 net ball
    财产税 property tax; estate (or capital) duty
    采购团 purchasing mission
    采光 lighting
    裁减冗员 cut down on overstaffing ; lay off redundant staff
    采景 choose a location (for movie, TV drama, etc.)
    裁军 disarmament
    彩扩 color film processing
    菜篮子工程 vegetable basket program; non-staple food project
    财力明显增强 financial strength grew noticeably
    菜鸟,新手 green hand
    采暖 heating
    彩票 lottery ticket
    采取措施后 ex post
    采取措施前 ex ante
    采取高姿态 show high-profile; exercise forbearance; be tolerant
    才疏学浅 be wanting in ability and shallow in knowledge
    财务报表 financial statement
    财务代理人 fiscal agent
    财务公开 keep the public informed of the financial affairs
    财务焦虑 financial worries ( The guide is meant to help people identify any
serious health concerns related to financial worries and develop coping skills.
该指南旨在帮助问题人群发现由财务焦虑引起的严重健康问题,并提供应对技能。)
    裁员 job cut (The latest job cut, which aims to further reduce the company's
costs by enhancing efficiency and help maintain its competitive edges amid the
global economic slowdown, will be completed by the end of March, said Lenovo.
联想集团25日宣布,将在其位于中国的全球职能部门中削减450个岗位。联想称,此次裁员目的是在全球经济放缓的环境下,进一步提升整体运作效率,并保持公司竞争力。裁员将于3月底完成。)
    财政包干 fiscal responsibility system
    财政赤字 financial deficit财政纪律 financial and economic discipline
    财政年度 fiscal year
    财政收入 fiscal revenue
    财政税收 revenue tax;fiscal levy;fiscal taxation;financial taxation
    财政、信贷双紧方针 policy of tightening control over expenditure and credit
    才子佳人 gifted scholars and beautiful ladies
    财产性收入 property income
    踩高跷 Stilt walk
    (手机)彩铃 polyphonic ringtone
    采煤沉陷区 sinkholes in coal mining areas
    彩排 dress rehearsal
    彩票;刮刮卡 scratchcard
    彩屏 color screen
    财团 consortium (Manchester City are likely to cancel the contracts of their
trio of Thai players following a takeover by a United Arab Emirates consortium,
the club's representative said Thursday.
曼城俱乐部驻泰国代表16日说,随着俱乐部被阿联酋财团收购,此前俱乐部和3名泰国球员签订的合同可能被废除。)
    财务丑闻 accounting scandal
    彩信 multimedia message
    财政性科技投入 government investment in science and technology
    财政支持 financial support
    参拜靖国神社 visit to the Yasukuni war shrine
    惨淡经营 work hard and carefully to keep one's business going
    参股 equity participation. (Insiders say Huiyuan will give up overall sales
but get funding through feasible ways such as equity
participation.行业人士估计汇源不会再次选择整体出售,参股等方式更加可行。)
    参股公司 joint -stock company
    参股者 equity participant
    残疾人特奥会 The Special Olympic Games for the disabled
    餐巾纸 napkin掺水文凭 diploma obtained by using unfair or unlawful means
    餐饮业 catering industry
   
                    
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    参与国际分工 participate in the international division of labor
    参与意识  desire to participate; sense of participation
    参政、议政 participate in the management of State affairs
    参政党 parties participating in the management of state affairs; parties
participating in the government decision-making process
    餐桌转盘 Lazy Susan
    残奥会 Paralympic Games
    仓储式超市 stockroom-style supermarket
    藏书票 book labels identifying a collector (or collection)
    舱外航天服 extra vehicular activity suits (Chinese only spent 4 years in
developing its own EVA (extra vehicular activity) suits. Putting on the suit
will take about 14 hours. 我国用4年时间研制出了自己的舱外航天服。航天服的拆包、组装、测试、穿着,整个过程要持续14个小时。)
    参照国际通行做法 follow standard international practices
    操办 make arrangements
    草根工业 grass root industry (refers to village and township enterprises which
take root among farmers and grow like wold grass)
    草药 herbal medicine
    操纵比赛 game-rigging (The Ministry of Public Security set up a special task
force to investigate alleged game-rigging in September 2006, when rumors of
under-table deals and fixing ran rife.
2006年9月,有关幕后交易和非法操纵的流言四起,为此公安部设立了一支特别工作组,负责调查此事。)
    操纵股票市场 manipulate the stock market
    操作系统 operating system
    侧记 sidelights
    层层转包和违法分包 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting
    茶道 sado
    差额拨款 balance allocation
    差额投票 differentail voting
    差额选举 competitive election查封 close down
    插杠子 poke one's nose into someone's businesses
    茶话会 tea forum; tea party
    插件 plug-in unit
    茶艺 tea ceremony
    插嘴 interrupt; chip in
    拆东墙补西墙 rob Peter to pay Paul
    差旅费 expenses for business trips
    拆迁补偿费 compensation for demolition
    拆迁费用 removal expense
    拆迁户 households or units relocated due to building demolition
    拆台 let someone down; cut the ground from under someone's feet
    禅 dhyana
    产假 maternity leave
    产粮大省 granary province
    产品更新换代 upgrade of products
    产品构成 product composition
    产品积压 overstocked products; accumulation of inventories; stock pile;
excessive inventory
    产品结构 product mix
    产品科技含量 technological element of a product
    产品生命周期分析 LCA (Life Cycle Analysis)
    产权划转和产权变动 the transfer of and changes in property rights of enterprises
    产权明晰、权责明确、政企分开、科学管理 "clearly established ownership, well defined power and
responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific
management "
    产权制度、产权关系 property relations; property order
    搀水股票 water-down stocks -- ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons
inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower than their face value
    产销两旺 both production and marketing thrive
    产销直接挂钩 directly link production with marketing
    产业不景气 industrial depression
    产业的升级换代 upgrading of industies
    产业结构升级 upgrading of an industrial structure
    产业升级 upgrade industries
    产业政策 industrial policy
    掺杂兑假 mix in fake or inferior components
    唱对台戏 put on a rival show
    长二捆 LM-2E
    偿付能力 solvency
    唱高调 mouth high-sounding words
    常规裁军 conventional disarmament
    常规武器 conventional weapon
    长江后浪推前浪, 一代更比一代强 As in the Yangtze River, the waves behind ride on the ones
before: The new generation excels the old.
    长江三峡和黄河小浪底水利枢纽工程 the key water projects at the Three Gorges on the Yangtze
River and at Xiaolangdi on the Yellow River
    长江三角洲 Yangtze River delta
    长江中下游 the middle and lower reaches of Changjiang River
    唱名表决 roll-call vote
    场内交易人 floor trader
    长跑 a long-distance running
    敞蓬轿车 open-topped limousine
   
                    
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发表于 2017-8-7 01:00:03 | 显示全部楼层
    长期共存、互相监督、肝胆相照、荣辱与共 "long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere
treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe "
    长期国债 long-term government bonds
    常设国际法庭 permanent international tribunal
    唱双簧 play a duet----collaborate; echo each other
    畅通工程 Smooth Traffic Project
    长途电话 long-distance calls
    场外证券市场 over-the-counter market
    常委会 standing committee
    常务董事 managing director; executive director
    常务理事 executive member of the council
    长线产品 product in excessive supply
    畅销货 best selling lines (All these articles are best selling lines.
所有这些产品都是我们的畅销货。)
    倡议书 initial written proposal
    长治久安 a long period of stability; prolonged political stability; lasting
political stability
    常驻代表 permanent representative
    常驻记者 resident correspondent
    常驻联合国代表 permanent representative to the United Nation
    常驻使节 permanent envoy
    长期建设国债 long-term treasury bonds for construction
    长途航班 long-haul flight (As the economic crisis forces carriers to look for
savings, Air France has become the 1st airline to introduce surcharges for the
seats next to emergency exits or at the front of rows, where long legs can be
stretched out. The £40 will first be applied to s, according to an Air France
spokesman.
受经济危机影响,法国航空公司为缩减开支将在业内率先加收乘客伸腿费。据悉,法航将提高紧急出口旁边和第一排座位的机票价格,理由是这些座位可提供更大的伸腿空间。法航一发言人称,为额外伸腿空间支付的费用为40英镑,计划首先在长途航班上收取。)
    产权和资产出让 property right and asset transfer
    产权界定 delimitation of property rights
    产权收益 income from property
    超编人员 exceed personnel
    超大城市 megacity behemoth (By then eight cities, Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu,
Chongqing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Tianjin and Wuhan, will have populations of more
than 10 million with some already megacity behemoths.
到那时,北京、上海、成都、重庆、广州、深圳、天津、武汉这八个城市将成为人口超过一千万的超大城市,而其中有些城市已经成为超大城市。)
    超导元素 superconducting elements
    超短波 ultrashort wave超负荷运转 overloaded operation
    超高速巨型计算机 giant, ultra-high-speed computer
    超国民待遇 super-preferential policies (Early on in its reform and opening to
foreign enterprise, China launched super-preferential tax policies for
international companies in a bid to propel its economic growth, and the
internationals were exempt from some taxes.
在对外资企业开放的早期,我国就在税收方面对外企实行“超国民待遇”,以促进经济发展。外资企业得以免除部分税费。)
    炒汇 speculate in foreign currency
    超级巨型油轮 ultra large crude carrier
    炒金热 stock-market fever
    炒买炒卖 speculation
    超期羁押 detention beyond the legally prescribed time limits
    超前教育 superior education
    超前精神 a surpassing spirit
    超前消费 pre-mature consumption; overconsume; excessive consumption
    超前意识 superior consciousness
    超生人口 exrta birth (The capital is urging parents who have broken family
planning policies to register their extra births before Nov 1.
北京市正敦促违反计划生育政策的父母在11月1日前为超生人口登记。)
    超生游击队 (sarcastic) people who give more births than birth quota allows
    超文本传送协议 hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP)
    潮汐电站 tidal power stations
    超现实主义 surrealism
    超载过牧 overgraze
    超支户 household (or family) living perpetually in debt
    炒作 speculation (stock); sensationalization (news)
    炒作 hype (Don't take media reports on the new movie seriously. Some reports
are just hype. 看有关这部新片的报道可别当真,有些纯粹是炒作。)
    朝鲜半岛核问题 the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula
    查票 ticket checking
    车船使用税 vehicle and vessel tax (Thirty-year-old Chen Xiaoyu asked the office
on Tuesday to refund part of the vehicle and vessel tax he has paid this year
because he, like all other Beijing drivers, is not able to drive one day each
week as a result of the car limitation policy in the capital - the so-called
"no-car day".
30岁的陈晓宇(音译)周二请(税务)局退还今年他所缴纳的部分车船使用税,因为他和所有其他北京驾车者一样,每周都有一天因为首都的“无车日”车辆限行政策而不能开车。)
    车船使用税 vehicle and vessel tax (Thirty-year-old Chen Xiaoyu asked the office
on Tuesday to refund part of the vehicle and vessel tax he has paid this year
because he, like all other Beijing drivers, is not able to drive one day each
week as a result of the car limitation policy in the capital - the so-called
"no-car day".
30岁的陈晓宇(音译)周二请(税务)局退还今年他所缴纳的部分车船使用税,因为他和所有其他北京驾车者一样,每周都有一天因为首都的“无车日”车辆限行政策而不能开车。)
扯后腿 hold (or pull) somebody back; be a drag on somebody
    车牌摇号 license-plate lottery (Starting on Friday, car registration will be
allocated by a license-plate lottery system. 从周五开始,车辆登记将采用车牌摇号的方式进行。)
    扯皮 shirk; pass the buck
   
                    
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发表于 2017-8-7 01:05:07 | 显示全部楼层
    撤侨 evacuation of nationals (China on Saturday decided to hasten evacuation
of its nationals from Libya, as Chinese aviation authorities prepare 15 planes
per day during the next two weeks to carry home citizens stranded in the
northern African country.
我国于上周六决定加快从利比亚撤侨。在未来两周,中国民航将每天派出15架飞机接运滞留在利比亚的中国同胞回国。)
    彻头彻尾的反动政治势力 an out and out reactionary political force
    撤销原案 rescind the case
    撤销职务 annul one's position; dismiss ... from; be stripped of; remove...
from
    车展 auto show (Ford plans to introduce its Edge sports utility vehicle (SUV)
at the upcoming Beijing Auto Show this month in a bid to tap fast-growing demand
for SUVs among Chinese customers. 福特公司计划在本月的北京车展上展出Edge
越野车(SUV),以便开发中国消费者快速增长的SUV车型需求。)
    撤职 remove from the post (The chief of the coal mine was removed from his
post in the wake of a fatal gas blast . 由于煤矿发生瓦斯爆炸事故,煤矿矿长被撤职。)
    车间主任 Workshop Manager
    车辆购置税 vehicle purchase tax
    晨练 morning exercise
    沉没成本 sunk cost
    趁热打铁 make hay while the sun shines; strike while the iron is hot
    尘云 dust clouds
    城镇居民人均可支配收入 urban per capita disposable income
    城镇社会保障体系 urban social security system
    惩办主义 doctrine of punishment
    承包经营权 contract for the managerial right
    承包经营权 contract for the managerial right
    成本分摊 sharing costs
    成本价` cost price
    成本效益 cost-effectiveness
    成本效益分析 cost-efficiency analysis
    成分指数 component index承购包销 underwrite
    成活率 survival rate
    城际高铁 intercity high-speed rail (The intercity high-speed rail line
connecting Nanchang and Jiujiang in East China's Jiangxi province began
operation on Monday, as part of the long-term plan of the railway network in
China. The new train service would cover the 135-km journey in 45 minutes.
连接江西省南昌市和九江市的城际高铁本周一开始运行,这是我国铁路运输长期规划项目之一。新城际高铁将把135公里路程的运行时间缩短至45分钟。)
    城际列车 inter-city train
    成吉思汗 Genghis Khan
    承建 contract to build
    程控电话 computerized telephone
    程控交换台 program-controlled telephone switchboard
    惩前毖后,治病救人 learn from past mistakes and avoid future ones, and to cure the
sickness to save the patient
    成人中等职业技术教育 adult secondary vocational and technical education
    成人中等专科学校 secondary specialized (technical) school for adults
    橙色预警 orange alert (The National Meteorological Center issued an orange
alert, saying snow and sleet will sweep across central, eastern and southern
regions from Friday night through Saturday.
中央气象台发布暴雪橙色预警,预计周五晚到周六我国中部、东部、南部地区将有新一轮强降雪。)
    城市规划 city's landscaping plan; urban planning
    城市合作银行 urban cooperative bank
    城市基础设施建设 the city's infrastructure construction
    城市建设 urban construction
    城市景观 townscape
    城市经济学 urban economics
    城市竞争力 urban competitiveness ("The pattern of urban competitiveness in the
world is changing dramatically, and Chinese cities are rapidly upgrading their
rankings," Ni Pengfei, a CASS professor, said at a press briefing in Beijing.
中国社科院的教授倪鹏飞在北京的一个新闻发布会上说:“全球城市竞争力格局正在发生剧烈变化,中国城市的排名正迅速提高。”)
   
                    
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发表于 2017-8-7 02:26:19 | 显示全部楼层
    城市居民自治 self-governance by urban residents
    城市居民最低生活保障 subsistence allowances for the urban poor
    城市恐惧症 urbiphobia
    城市垃圾 city refuse
    城市绿地 urban open space; urban green land
    城市绿化 urban landscaping
    城市美容师 urban environmental worker
    城市热岛效应 urban heat island effect (According to the latest statistics from
the China Meteorological Administration, about one-fourth of the temperature
rise caused by climate warming can be blamed on the "urban heat island effect."
根据中国气象局的最新统计,在气候变化导致的气温上升中,大约有1/4是由城市热岛效应导致的。)
    城市生活无着的流浪乞讨人员的救助管理办法 Measures for Assisting Vagrants and Beggars with No
Means of Support in Cities
    城市运动会 municipal athletics meet
    成事在天,谋事在人 The planning lies with man, the outcome with Heaven; Man
proposes, God disposes
    成套引进 package import
    成为国际共识 become a consensus of the international community
    乘务员 vehicular attendant; conductor
    城乡低收入居民 low-income residents in both town and country
    城乡电网改造 projects for upgrading urban and rural power grids
    城乡特殊困难群众 urban and rural residents with special difficulties
    成药 patent medicine
    成药 patent medicine
    城镇职工医疗保险制度改革 medical insurance for urban workers
    城镇职工基本医疗保险制度 basic medical insurance system for urban working people
    城镇住房公积金  urban housing provident fund
    承办单位 organizer
    承包 contract with
    成份指数 component index
    成吉思汗 Genghis Khan
    成名歌曲 break-out song, break-out single
    承前启后,继往开来 inherit the past and forge ahead into the future
    成人高考 the national higher education exams for self-taught adults
    成人用品店 adult shop
    成人中等专科学校 secondary specialized /technical school for adults
    城市低保对象 urban residents entitled to basic living allowances
    城市固定资产投资 urban fixed-asset investment
    城市规划 city's landscaping plan; urban planning
    城市和国有企业厂办大集体 collectively owned factories operated by state-owned
enterprises and cities
    城市户口 permanent urban residence certificate
    城市流浪乞讨人员 urban vagrants and beggars
    城市中年雅皮士 muppie
(一批中年专业人士,附庸风雅,矫揉造作cutesification,崇尚竟品至上boutiqueification,攀比银行存款bankification等摆阔作风,由middle-aged
urban yuppie缩合而成)
    城乡结合部 rural-urban fringe zone
    城乡信用社 credit cooperatives in both urban and rural areas
    承销商 underwriter
    诚信企业 high-integrity enterprise; enterprise of integrity
    成组技术 group technology
    车牌号 license plate number
    车险 auto insurance
    吃饱穿暖 eat their fill and dress warmly; have enough to eat and wear; have
adequate food and clothing
    持币待购 wait to buy with cash in hand
    赤潮 red tide (which appear on the ocean)
   
                    
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