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2017考研英语基础词汇的讲解(四)

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发表于 2016-6-26 12:51:11 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  2017考研的小伙伴们,本文文都教育考研英语教研老师继续给大家讲解2017考研英语基础词汇的记忆方法和用法,希望已经在背单词路上的你,通过我们的讲解,可以对考研词汇有新的体验和把握。继续加油吧。请看本期精讲要点。
  1.spir----breathe, “呼吸”
  spirit n 精神;情绪(有呼吸→有精神)
  spiritual a 精神的;宗教的
  aspire v 热望;立志
  aspiration n 渴望,热望
  conspire v 同谋
  conspiracy n 共谋;反叛
  expire v 断气;期满
  expiration n 断气;期满
  inspire v 吸气;鼓励
  inspiration n 吸气;灵感(有灵气)
  例句:
  1. In addition to their mastery of forging passports, at least three of the 19 Sept. 11 hijackers(动机者) were here on expired visas. (CET-6, 2004.6, Passage 4, Paragraph 1)
  在他们持有的外国护照上,19名9·11劫机者中至少有3名使用过期签证。
  2. The notion that learning should have in it an element of inspired play would seem to the greater part of the academic establishment merely silly, but that is nonetheless the case. (CET-6, 2003.6, Passage 2, Paragraph 1)
  大多数的学者认为学习必须包括启发性游戏的理念近乎愚蠢,但这是事实。
  3. American no longer expect public figures, whether in speech or in writing, to command the English language with skill and gift. Nor do they aspire to such command themselves.(真题 2005, Text 3, Paragraph 1)
  美国人已不再期待公众人物在演讲或写作中能运用技巧和文采来驾驭英语,而公众人物自己也不渴望这样。
  2.claim, clam-----cyrout, shout “呼喊,叫喊”
  claim v 要求;论断
  clamor n 喧哗;吵闹
  clamorous a 吵闹的
  acclaim v 欢呼;喝采
  acclamation n 喝采,称赞
  exclaim v 叫喊;大声说
  exclamation n 叫喊;感叹
  proclaim v 公布;声明
  proclamation n 宣告;宣言
  reclaim v 收回
  reclamation n 收复;矫正
  例句:
  1). By comparison, an earthquake of similar intensity that shook America in 1988 claimed 25,000 victims. (CET-4, 1997.6, Passage 3, Paragraph 2)
  在88年 美国发生的强度相当的一次地震却夺走了25000个人的生命。
  2). The Bilski case involves a claimed patent on a method for hedging risk in the energy market. (真题 2010, Text 2, Paragraph 4)
  Bilski案例牵扯到一份已申请的方法专利,即关于能源市场的风险规避方法。
  3). It is announced that a wallet has been found and can be _______ at the manager’s office.
  [A] declared [B] obtained [C] reclaimed [D] recognized
  (真题 2000, Structure and Vocabulary, 第27题 正确答案:C)
  通知说,有人捡到一个钱包,失主可到经理办公室认领
  4). Hofstadter says our country’s educational system is in the grips of people who “joyfully and militantly proclaim their hostility to intellect and their eagerness to identify with children who show the least intellectual promise.” (真题 2004, Text 4, Paragraph 7)
  Hofstadter说,掌握我们国家教育体系的人“沾沾自喜地、霸气十足地公然宣称敌视才学,迫不及待地认同那些看来在才智方面最难造就的孩子。”
  以上精选单词是按照词根来讲解的,并且采用图例的讲解方式。目的在于形象的对这些单词有视觉上和知觉上的认识,希望小伙伴们学习用这种思路来记忆单词,这样可以达到事倍功半的效果呢。加油!
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