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2006年审计硕士联考英语考试真题

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2006年审计硕士联考英语考试真题
    Section I
    Vocabulary (10 points)
    Directions:
    There are 20 incomplete sentences in thissection. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choosethe one that best completes the sentence and mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.
    1.In some countries girls are still_____of a goodeducation。
    A denied
    B declined
    C denved
    D deprived
    2. As the years passed, the memories of herchildhood______away。
    A faded
    Bdisappeared
    C flashed
    D fired
    3. Brierley's book has the________ of being bothinformative and readable。
    A inspiration
    B requirements
    C myth
    D merit
    4.If I have any comments to make, I'll write them inthe ______of the book I'm reading
    A edge
    B page
    C margin
    D side
    5. My________would really trouble me if I wore a fur coat。
    A consciousness
    B consequence
    C constitution
    D conscience
    6. When the post fell_______。Dennis Bass was appointed to fill it。
    A empty
    B vacant
    C hollow
    D hare
    7. Mother who takes care of everybody is usually the most_________person in each family。
    A considerate
    B considerable
    C considering
    D constant
    8. For ten years the Greeks _______the city of Troy toseparate it from the outside。
    A captured
    B occupied
    C destroyed
    Dsurrounded
    9. Other guests at yesterday's opening, which was broadcast______ by the radio station, included Anne Melntosh and Mayor。
    A live
    B alive
    C living
    D lively
    10. A New Zealand man was recently_________to lifeimprisonment for the murder of an English tourist, Monica Cantwell。
    A punished
    Baccused
    C sentenced
    D put
    11. The past 22 years have really been amazing, and every prediction we've made about improvements have al come____
    A truly
    B true
    C Truth
    D truthful
    12. The teachers tried to ______these students that theycould solve the complicated problem,however, they just didn't see the point。
    A convince
    B encourage
    C consult
    D inclined
    13. I'm_________ to think that most children would liketheir teachers to be their friends rather than their commanders。
            
            
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    A subjected
    B supposed
    C declined
    D inclined
    14. She is under the impression that he isn'ta_____________person for he wouldn't tell her where and when he went touniversity。
    A genius
    B generous
    C genuine
    D genetic
    15. The first glasses of Coca Cola were drunk in 1886。 The drink was first_____by a US chemist called John Pemberton
    A formed
    B made
    C found
    D done
    16. These two chemicals_________with each other at acertain temperature to produce a substance which could cause an explosion。
    Ainteract
    B attract
    C react
    D expel
    17. _________they can get people in the organization todo what must he done, they will not succeed。
    A Since
    BUnless
    C If
    D Whether
    18. Once you have started a job, you should do it__________。
    A in practice
    B in theory
    C in earnest
    D in a hurry
    19. Although they new library service has been verysuccessful, its future is ______certain。
    A at any rate
    B by no means
    C by all means
    D at any cost
    20.To my surprise,
    at yesterday'smeeting he again_________the planthat had been disapproved a week before。
    A brought about
    B brought out
    C brought up
    D brought down
    SectionII
    Cloze (10 points)
    Directions: Read the following text. Choose thebest word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.
    Wholesale prices in July rose more sharply than expected and at a fasterrate than consumer prices,21 hat businesses were still protectingconsumers 22 the full brunt (冲击) of higher energy costs.
    The Producer Price Index 23 measureswhat producers receive for goods and services, 24 1 percentin July. The Labor Department reportedyesterday. Double
    25
    economistshad been expecting and a sharp turnaround from flat prices in June. Excluding
    26
    andenergy. the core index of producer pricesrose 0.4 percent,
    27
    than the 0.1 percent that economists had
    28 . Much of that increase was a result ofan
    29
    increase in car and truck prices.
    On Tuesday, the Labor Department said the
    30
    thatconsumers paid for goods and services in July were 31
    0.5percent over all,and up 0.1 percent, excluding food and energy.
    32
    the overall rise in both consumer and producerprices
    33
    caused by energy costs, which increased 4.4 percent n the month. (Wholesale food prices
    34
    0.3 percent in July.
    35
    July2004, Wholesaleprices were up 4.6percent, the corerate
    36
    2.8 percent, its fastest pace since 1995.
    Typically,increases in the Producer Price Index indicate similar changes in the consumerindex
    37
    businesses recoup (补偿) higher costs from customers. 38 for much ofthis expansion,which started 39 the end of 2001,that has not been the 40 . In fact, many businesses like automakers have beenaggressively discounting their products.
    21. A indicate B to indicate C indicating Dindicated
    22. A of
    B to
    C by
    D from
    23. A that
    B which
    C it
    D this
    24.Arise
    B rises
    C rose
    D raised
    25.A that
    B what
            
            
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    C which
    D this
    26. A food
    B grain
    C crop
    Ddiet
    27. A less
    B lower
    C higher
    D more
    28.A said
    B reported
    C calculated
    D forecast
    29. A expectable
    B. unexpected
    C expectation
    D expecting
    30. A prices
    B costs
    C charges
    D values
    31. A down
    B from
    C to
    D up
    32. A Much
    B Most
    C Most of
    D Much of
    33. A was
    B were
    C is
    D are
    34. A fall
    B fell
    C falls
    D has fallen
    35. A Comparing with B In comparison C Compared with D Compare to
    36. A dropped
    B declined
    C lifted
    D climbed
    37. A as
    B so
    C while
    D when
    38. A And
    B But
    C Yet
    D Still
    39. A at
    B by
    C in
    D to
    40. A condition
    B situation
    Cmatter
    D case41.
    Section III
    Reading comprehension(40 points)
    Directions:
    Read thefollowing four passages. Answer the questions below each passage by choosing A,B, C and D. Mark your answers on ANSWERSHEET 1.
    Passage One
    Officejobs are among the positions hardest hit by compumation (计算机自动化)。 Wordprocessors and typists will lose about 93,000 jobs over the next few years, while 57,000 secretarial jobs will vanish.Blame the PC: Today,many executives type their own memos and carry there“ secretaries” in the palmsof their hands. Time is also hard for stock clerks, whose ranks are expected to decreaseby 68,000. Andemployees in manufacturing firms and wholesalers are being replaced withcomputerized systems.
    But not everyone who loses a job willend up in the unemployment line. Many will shift to growing positions withintheir own companies. When new technologies shook up the telecomm business,telephone operator Judy Doughertypursued retraining. She is now a communications technician,earning about $ 64,000 per year. Of course, if you've been a tollbooth collectorfor the past 30 years,and you find yourself replaced by an E ZPass machine, it may be of little consolation(安慰) to know that the telecom field isbooming.
    And that's just it: The service economy is fading: welcome to the expertise(专门知识) economy. To succeed in the new jobmarket, you must beable to handle complex problems. Indeed, all but one of the 50highest-paying occupations---air-traffic controller---demand at least abachelor's degree.
    For those with just a high schooldiploma(毕业证书)。It'sgoing to get tougher to find a well-paying job. Since fewer factory andclerical jobs will be available .what's left be the jobs that compumationscan't kill,computers cant clean offices ,or for Alzheimer's patients(老年痴呆病人)。 But ,since most people have the skills to fill those positions, the wages stay painfully low,meaning compumation could drive aneven deeper wedge (楔子) between the and poor, The best advice now ,Never stop learning ,and keep up with new technology.
    For busy adults of course that can be tough ,The good news is that very technology that'sreducing so many jobs is a making it easier to go back to school without havingto sit in a classroom. So called internet distance learning is hot, with more than three million studentscurrently enrolled ,and it's gaining credibility with employers.
    Are you at risk of losing your job toa computer ?Check the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics' Occupational OutlookHandbook ,whichis available online at bls.gov .
    41.Prom the first paragraph we can infer thatall of the following persons are easily thrown into unemployment EXCEPT.
    A secretaries
    B stock clerks
    C managers
    D wholesalers
    42、In the second paragraph the anther mentionsthe tollbooth collector to
    A mean he will get benefits from the telecomm fled
    B show he is too old to shift to a new position
    C console him on having been replaced by a machine
    D blame the PC for his unemployment
    43.By saying “ ┅ compumation could drive an even deeper wedge between therich and poor ”(line 5. Para 4 )the author means
    A people are getting richer and richer
            
            
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    B there will be a small gap between rich and poor
    C the gap between rich and poor is getting larger an larger
    D it's time to close up be gap between the rich and poor
    44.What is the author's attitude towardscomputers?
    A positive
    B negative
    C neutral
    D prejudiced
    45.Which of the following might serve as thebest title of passage?
    A Blaming the PC
    B The booming telecomm field
    C Internet distance leaning
    D Keeping up with compumation
    Passage Two
    Tensof thousands of 18 year olds will graduate this year and be handed meaninglessdiplomas .These diplomas won't look any different from awarded their luckierclassmates Their validity will be questioned only when their employers discoverthe these graduates are semiliterate(半文盲)
    Eventually a fortunate few will findtheir way into educational ? repair ? adult ? literacy
    Programs,such as the one where I teach grammar and writing .There ,high school graduates and high schooldropouts pursuing graduate equivalency certificates will learn the skills theyshould have learned in school ,They will discover they have been cheated by oureducational system.
    I will never forget a teacher senior when be had her for English .“He site inthe back of the room talking to his friends ”。she told me ,“ Why don't you move him to the frontrow?
    I urged believing the embarrassment would get him to settle down, Mrs. Stifter said ,”I don't move seniors. I think (使┅不及格) them.“ Ourson's academic life flashed before my eyes. No teacher had ever threatened him.By the time I got home I was feeling pretty good this .It was a radicalapproach for these times ,but well. Why not ? She's going to flunk you ” I told my son.
    I did not discuss it anyfurther.Suddenly English became a priorty (头等重要) in his life.He finished out thesemester with an A.
    I know one example doesn't make acase,but at nightI see a parade of students who are angry for having been passed along untilthey could no longer even pretend to keep up.Of average intelligence or better,they eventually quit school,concluding they were too dumb tofinish.“ I should have been held back,” is a comment I hear frequently.Even sadderare those students who are high-school graduates who say to me after a fewweeks of class.“I don't know how I ever got a high-school diploma.”
    Passing students who have notmastered the work cheats them and the employers who expect graduates to havebasic skills.We excuse this dishonest behavior by saying kids can't learn ifthey come from terrible environments.No one seems to stop to think that mostkids don't put school first on their list unless they perceive something is atrisk.They'd rather be sailing.
    Many students I see at night have decided to make education a priority.They aremotivated by the desire for a better job or the need to hang on to the onethey've got.They have a healthy fear of failure.
    People of all ages can rise abovetheir problems,butthey need to have a reason to do so.Yong people generally don't have thematurity to value education in the same way my adult students value it.But fearof failure can motivate both.
    46.What is the subject of this essay?
    A view point on learning
    B a qualified teacher
    C the importance of examination
    D the generation gap
    47.How did Mrs.Sifter get the attention of one of theauthor's children?
    A flunking him
    B moving his seat
    C blaming him
    D playing card with him
    48.The author believes that most effective way for ateacher is to
    A purify the teaching environments .
    B set up cooperation between teachers and parents.
    C hold back student.
    D motivate student.
    49. From the passage we can draw the conclusion that theauthors' attitude toward flunking is
    A negative
    B positive
    C biased
    D indifferent
    50. Judging from the content ,thispassage is probably written for
    A administrators
    B students
    C teachers
    D parents
    Passage Three
    Names have gained increasing importance in the competitive world of highereducation. As colleges strive for market share, they are looking for names thatproject the image they want or reflect the changes they hope to make.Trenton.State College, for example ,became the College of New Jersey nineyears ago when it began raising admissions standards and appealing to studentsfrom throughout the state.
    “All I hear in higher education is, ”Brand ,brand ,brand,“ said TimWesterbeck,who specializes in branding and is managing director of Lipman Hearne, a marketing firmbased in Chicago that works with universities and other nonprofitorganizations. ”There has been a sea change over the last 10 years. Marketingused to be almost a dirty word in higher education.“
    Not all efforts at name changes are successful, ofcourse . In 1997 , the New School forSocial Research became New School University to reflect its growth into a collectionof eight colleges,offering a list of majors that includes psychology, music ,urban studies andmanagement. But New Yorkers continued to call it the New School.
    Now,afterspending an undisclosed sum on an online survey and a marketing consultant'screation of ”haming structures.“ ”brand architecture“ and ” identity systems,“ the university hascome up with a new name: the New School.Beginning Monday, it will adopt newlogon (标识), banners, business cards andeven new names for the individual colleges, all to include the words ”the NewSchool.“
    Changes in names generally revealsignificant shifts in how a college wants to be perceived. In altering its namefrom Cal State. Hayward, to Cal State, East Bay, the universityhoped to project its expanding role in two mostly suburban countries east ofSan Francisco.
    The University of Southern Colorado, a state institution, became ColoradoState University at Pucblo two years ago, hoping to bighight many internalchanges,including offering more graluate programs and setting higher admissionsstandards.
    Beaver College turned itself intoArcadia University in 2001 for several reasons: to break the connection withits past as a women's college, to promote its growth into a full-fledged(完全成熟的) university andofficials acknowledged, to climinate some jokes about the college's oldname on late-night television and ”moring zoo“ radio shows.
    Many college officials said changinga name and image could produce substantial results. At Arcadia,in addition to therise in applications,the average student's test score has increased by60 points,JuliRoebeck,anArcadia spokeswoman
    said.
    51. which of the following is NOT the reason for collegesto change their names?
    A They prefer higher education competition
    B They try to gain advantage in market share.
    C They want to project their image.
    D They hope to make some changes.
    52. It is implied that one of the most significantchanges in highter education in the past decade is
    A the brand.
    B the college names
    C the concept of marketing
    D list of majors.
    53.The thrase ”come up with“(Line 3 Para4)probably means
    A catch up with
    B deal with
    C put forward
    D come to the realizatoin
    54 The case of name changing from Cal State Hayward toCal State indicates that the university
    A is perceived by the society
    B hopes to expand its influence
    C prefers to reform its reaching programs
    D expects to enlange its campus
    55.According to the spokeswoman the name change of Beaver College
    A turns out very successful
    B fails to attain its goal
    C has eliminated some jokes
    D has transformed its status
            
            
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    Passage Four
    it looked just like another aircraft from the outside The pilot told hisyoung passengers that it was built in 1964.But apperances were deceptive and the13 students from Europe and the USAwho boarded the aiecraft were in for the fligt of their lives.
    Inside the area that normally hadseats had become a long white tunnel.Heavily padded(填塞) from floor to ceiling it looked abit strange.There were almost no windows ,but ligts along thepadded walls illuminated it.Most of the seats had been taken out apart fromafew at the back where the young scientists quickly took their places with alook of fear.
    For 12 months,science students from across the continents hadcompeted to win a place on the flight at the invitation of the European SpaceAgency .the challenge had been to suggest imaginative experments to beconducted in weightless condtions.
    For the next two hours the flightresembled that of an onormous bird which had lose its reson,shooting upwards towards the heavens beforerushing towards Earth.The invention was to Achieve weightlessness for a fewseconds.
    The aircraft took off smoothlyenough. But any feelings that I and the young scientists had that we were onanything like a scheduled passenger service were quickly dismissed when thepilot put the plane into a 45 degree climb which lasted around 20 seconds. Thenthe engines cut our and we became weightless. Everything become confused andleft or right. Up or down no longer had any meaning. after ten seconds of freefall descent the pilot pulled the aircraft out of its nosedive. The return ofgravity was less immediate than its loss. but was still sudden enough to ensurethat some students came down with a bump.
    Each time the pilot cut the enginesand we became weightless. A new team conduct it experience. First it was theDucth who wanted to discover how it is that cats always land on their feet.then the German team who conducted a successful experiment on a traditionalbuilding method to see if could be used for building a futher space station.the Americans had an idea to create solar sails that could be used bysatellites.
    After two hours of going up and downin the lane doing their experiments,the predominate feeling was one of excitement rather than sickness. Most of thestudents thought it was an unforgettable experience and one they would be keento repeat.
    56、what did the writer say about the plane?.
    A It had no seats.
    B It was painted white.
    C It had no windows.
    D The outside was misleading.
    57.according to the writer ,how did theyoung scientists feel before the flight?
    A sick
    B keen
    C nervous
    D impatient
    58.what did the pilot do with the plane after it took off?
    A He quickly climbed and then stopped the engines.
    B He climbed and them made the plane fall slowly.
    C He took off normally and then cut the engines for 20 seconds.
    D He climbed and then made the plane turn over.
    59.Acoording to the passage,the purposeof being weightless was to
    A see what conditions bare like in space
    B prepare the young scientists for future work in space
    C show the judges of the competition what they could do
    D make the teams try out their ideas
    60.this passage was written to
    A encourage young people to take up science
    B describe the process of a scientific competition
    C show scientists what young people can do
    D report on a new scientific technique
    SectionIV
    Translation (20 points)Directions:
    In this section there is apassage in English. Translate the five sentences underlined into Chinese andwrite your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2.
    The smooth landing of shuttle(航天飞机)Discovery ended a flight that was successful in almost every respect butone:the dislodging of a big chunk of foam,like the one that doomed the Columbia. This flightwas supposed to vault the shuttle fleet back into space after a prolongedgrounding for repairs. But given the repeat of the very problem that two yearsof retooling was supposed to resolve,theverdict is necessarily mixed.(61)Once again,thespace agency has been forced to put off the flight until it can find a solutionto the problem,and no one seems willing to guess howthat may take .
    The Discovery astronauts performed superbly during their two-week mission,and the shuttle looked better than ever in somerespects.(62)spaceofficials were justifiably happy that so much had gone well,despite daily worries over possible risks. theflight clearly achieved its prime objectives.
    The astronauts transferred tons of cargo to the international spacestation,which has been limping along overheadwith a reduced crew and limited supplies carried up on smaller Russianspacecraft .(63)Theyreplaced a broken device .repaired another and carted away a load of rubbishthat had been left on the station,showing the shuttlecan bring full loads back down from space.
    This was the most scrutinized shuttle flight ever. with the vehicleundergoing close inspection while still in orbit.(64)New sensing and photographic equipment to look forpotentially dangerous damage to the sensitive external skin proved valuable .Anew back flip maneuver allowed station astronauts to photograph the shuttle'sunderbelly .and an extra-long robotic arm enabled astronauts see parts of theshuttle that were previously out of sight .
    (65)The flood of images and the openness in discussingits uncertainties about potential hazards sometimes made it appear that theshuttle was about to fall apart,In the end thedamage was clearly tolerable . A much-touted spacewalk to repair the shuttle'sskin the first of its kind moved an astronaut close enough to pluck out someprotruding material with his hand Preliminary evidence indicates that Discoveryhas far fewer nicks and gouges than shuttles on previous flights.
    perhaps showing that improvements to reduce the shedding of debris fromthe external fuel tank have had some success .
    Section V
    Writing (20 points)
    Directions:
    In this part,you are asked to write a composition according to the information below. You should write more than 150 words neatly on
    ANSWER SHEET 2.
    Describe the diagram andanalyze the possible causes .You should write at least 150 words on the ANSWERSHEET
    1998-2004年全国工程硕士硕士录取人数
    工程硕士:Master ofEngineering
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