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2015MTI双语阅读:十二生肖性格解读

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发表于 2017-8-6 23:15:26 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
翻译硕士(MTI)考研,要想做好翻译大家必须要有广阔的知识面,针对不同类型,不同行业的翻译规则和技巧都要把握得当,而要了解这些,小编建议大家不妨多阅读,尤其是双语阅读,通过阅读不断积累词汇,积累翻译的技巧和原则。下面新东方在线编辑和大家分享一系列的双语阅读,帮助大家通过阅读来提升自己的翻译水平。
    下面请看2015MTI双语美文阅读:十二生肖性格解读
    十二生肖首先出现于计时。现在我们将一昼夜用二十四小时计时,古代天文学家将昼夜分为十二时辰,即:子、丑、寅、卯、辰、巳、午、未、申、酉、戌、亥。同时他们在观天象时,依照十二种动物的生活习惯和活动的时辰,确定了与时辰相对应的十二生肖。
    The Chinese Zodiac initially originated from the division of time.
Nowadays, we divide a day and night into 24 hours while ancient astronomers
divide it into 12 shichen, which is a two-hour period, namely, zi, chou, yin,
mao, chen, si, wu, wei, shen, you, xu and hai. In astronomical observation, they
choose 12 animal signs corresponding to each shichen according to the living
habits and the time of activity of the animals.
    夜间十一点至次日凌晨一点,属子时,正是老鼠趁夜深人静,频繁活动之时,故称“子鼠”。
    From 11 pm to 1 am of the next day, it is the time of “zi”. It is the time
for rats to run around while people fall asleep, so we have zi, rat.
    凌晨一点至三点,属丑时。牛习惯夜间吃草,农家常在深夜起来挑灯喂牛,故称“丑牛”。
    From 1 am to 3 am, it is the time of “chou”. The ox is used to eating grass
at night and farmers often get up in the midnight and feed them, so we have
chou, ox.
    凌晨三点至五点,属寅时。此时昼伏夜行的老虎最凶猛,古人常会在此时听到虎啸声,故称“寅虎”。
    From 3 am to 5 am, it is the time of “yin”. Because the tiger often moves
about at night and ancient people often hear them roaring at this time, we call
it yin, tiger.
    清晨五点至七点,属卯时。天刚亮,兔子出窝,喜欢吃带有晨露的青草,故为“卯兔”。
    From 5 am to 7am, it is the time of “mao”. The hare goes out of its nest
and eats green grass with morning dew on it, so we call it mao, hare.
    早晨七点至九点,属辰时。此时一般容易起雾,传说龙喜腾云驾雾,又值旭日东升,蒸蒸日上,故称“辰龙”。
    From 7 am to 9 am, it is the time of “chen“. It often mists at this time
and legend says that dragons like to ride clouds and mist. It's also the time
for the sun to rise, so we have chen, dragon.
    上午九点至十一时,属巳时。大雾散去,艳阳高照,蛇类出洞觅食,故作“巳蛇“。
    It is the time of “si“ from 9 am to 11 am. The mist has vanished and the
sun has risen up in the sky. Snakes will go out to find food, so we call it si,
snake.
    中午十一点至一点,属午时。古时野马未被人类驯服,每当午时,四处奔跑嘶鸣,故称“午马”。
    It is the time of “wu” from 11 am to 1 pm. Before the wild horse was
domesticated in the ancient time, they usually ran around and neighed at this
time. That's why we call wu, horse.
    午后一点至三点,属未时。有的地方管此时为“羊出坡”,意思是放羊的好时候,故称“未羊”。
    From 1 pm to 3 pm, it is the time of “wei”. In some places, people call
this period “sheep on the slope” because it's the right time for herding sheep.
That's why we call it wei, sheep.
    下午三点至五点,属申时。太阳偏西了,猴子喜在此时啼叫,故为“申猴”。
    It's the time of “shen” from 3 pm to 5 pm. The sun has moved to the western
half of the sky. Monkeys love to screech at this time, so we call it shen,
monkey.
    下午五点至七点,属酉时。太阳落山了,鸡在窝前打转,故称“酉鸡”。
    It's the time of “you” from 5 pm to 7 pm. The sun has set. Roosters go back
to their nest, so we call it you, rooster.
    傍晚七点至九点,属戌时。人劳碌一天,闩门准备休息了。狗卧门前守护,一有动静,就汪汪大叫,故为“戌狗”。
    From 7 pm to 9 pm, it's the time of “xu”. After a busy day, people close
their gates and go to sleep. Dogs guard the gates and will bark in case of any
noise, so we call it xu, dog.
    夜间九点至十一点,属亥时。夜深人静,能听见猪拱槽的声音,于是称作“亥猪”。
    It's the time of “hai” from 9 pm to 11 pm. In the still of night, we can
hear pigs dig the trough with their snouts, so we call it hai, pig.
    就这样,一天的时辰和动物搭配就排列了下来:子鼠、丑牛、寅虎、卯兔、辰龙、巳蛇、午马、未羊、申猴、酉鸡、戌狗、亥猪。后来人们把这种计时法用于纪年,就出现了十二生肖。
    In this way, the 12 shichen and animals are matched and sequenced: zi rat,
chou ox, yin tiger, mao hare, chen dragon, si snake, wu horse, wei sheep, shen
monkey, you rooster, xu dog and hai pig. Later, people use this method of time
labeling in counting years. This is why we have the Chinese Zodiac.
                    
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发表于 2017-8-6 23:50:59 | 显示全部楼层
    1、属鼠人的性格
    ①做事态度积极,勤奋努力,头脑机智手脚灵巧。
    ②待人和蔼,有自我约束力,遇事能替人着想。
    ③适应性强,善于结交各方面的朋友。
    ④多情善感,性格稍微内向,但行动上活泼,待人热情。
    ⑤观察细致,思维方式有条理。
    弱点是:稍微胆小怕事,多疑保守,个别问题上略显目光短浅,认识深度不够。
    1. Personality of people born in the Year of the Rat
    ① Active, hard working, with a resourceful mind and nimble hands.
    ② Treats people kindly, with self discipline, thinking of others .
    ③ With strong adaptability, good at making good friends in all
communities.
    ④ Sentimental, slightly introverted, but acts lively and treats others
warmly.
    ⑤ Observes things meticulously, thinking in a methodical way.
    Weakness: A little timid, suspicious, conservative, slightly shortsighted
on some issues, lack of in-depth knowledge.
    2、属牛人的性格
    ①勤奋努力,有强烈的进取心;
    ②忠厚老实,务实,责任心强,有耐力;
    ③有正义感,爱打抱不平;
    ④勤俭持家,稳定。
    弱点是:稍微固执已见,缺乏通融; 有时钻"牛角尖"主观独断。
    2. Personality of people born in the Year of the Ox
    ① Hard working, with a strong entrepreneurial spirit;
    ② Honest, pragmatic, responsible, with endurance;
    ③ With a sense of justice, loving fighting against bully;
    ④ Frugal and stable.
    Weakness: Slightly intransigent, lack of accommodation; sometimes sticking
with "dead ends", subjective and arbitrary.
    3、属虎人的性格
    ①有朝气,有雄心壮志;
    ②敢想敢干,勇于开拓;
    ③热情大方,顽强自信,刚愎自用。
    ④有正义感,乐于助人。
    弱点:易动感情,自以为是,稍微有点孤傲任性。
    3. Personality of people born in the Year of the Tiger
    ① Energetic, ambitious;
    ② With bold vision and courage, aggressive;
    ③Warmhearted and generous, stubborn self-confidence, self-willed.
    ④ With a sense of justice, helpful.
    Weaknesses: Passionate, opinionated, a little bit arrogant and willful.
                    
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发表于 2017-8-7 00:59:58 | 显示全部楼层
    、属兔人的性格
    ①温柔、善良、乐观,感情细腻;
    ②精明灵活,体谅他人;
    ③气质高雅,思维细腻;
    ④能忍耐谦让,不好争执。
    弱点:略有虚荣心,性情有时候不稳定,容易急躁,满足于现状的时候多。
    4. Personality of people born in the Year of the Hare
    ① Gentle, kind, optimistic, sensitive;
    ② Smart, flexible, considers others;
    ③ Elegant, delicate mind;
    ④ With good patience and humility, not fond of arguments.
    Weaknesses: a little vain, volatile temperament, easily irritable, more
often satisfied with the status quo.
    5、属龙人的性格
    ①勇往直前,有旺盛的进取心;
    ②专心致志,果断肯干。
    ③孝顺,慷慨,善于理财;
    ④聪明,有才能,气度高。
    弱点:有时容易急躁,盛气凌人,主观固执,略显争强好胜,不服输。
    5. Personality of people born in the Year of the Dragon
    ① Courageous, with a strong entrepreneurial spirit;
    ② Dedicated, decisive, working hard.
    ③ With filial piety, generous, good at financial management;
    ④ smart, talented, high tolerance.
    Weaknesses: Sometimes easily irritable, arrogant, subjective, stubborn, a
little feisty, never admits defeat.
    6、属蛇人的性格
    ①专心致志,认真负责;
    ②心灵手巧,思路敏捷;
    ③精力充沛,随和开朗;
    ④表面沉着,有时口快。
    弱点:有时动摇不定,心胸狭窄,有时钻"牛角尖",性情多疑,不太信任他人。
    6. Personality of people born in the Year of the Snake
    ① Dedicated, serious and responsible;
    ② Ingenuity, thinking quickly;
    ③ Energetic, easygoing, cheerful;
    ④ Calm on the surface, sometimes quick and thoughtless in speech.
    Weaknesses: Sometimes wavering, petty, and sometimes staying with "dead
ends", suspicious, not trusting others.
    7、属马人的性格
    ①精力旺盛,刚毅果断;
    ②善恶分明,耿直热情;
    ③能言善辩,不怕困难,勇往直前。
    弱点;欠缺冷静有时急躁,个性略为倔强。
    7. Personality of people born in the Year of the Horse
    ① Energetic, resolute and decisive;
    ② Identifying good and evil decisively, honest, enthusiastic;
    ③ Eloquent, not afraid of difficulties, aggressive.
    Weakness: Lack of calmness, sometimes irritable, with a slightly stubborn
personality.
                    
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发表于 2017-8-7 01:13:54 | 显示全部楼层
    8、属羊人的性格
    ①研究欲强,富有创造性;
    ②善良、宽容、顺从;
    ③有耐心,不惹是非。适应环境快。
    弱点:易动感情,主观性差,随波逐流优柔寡断。
    8. Personality of people born in the Year of the Sheep
    ① With a strong desire to study, creative;
    ② Kind, tolerant, obedient;
    ③ Patient, staying out of trouble, quickly adapting to the environment.
    Weaknesses: Passionate, not assertive, following other indecisively.
    9、属猴人的性格
    ①有进取心,喜欢竞争;
    ②多才多艺,多面手;
    ③略有虚荣心,生活浪漫,不受拘束;
    ④能与人融洽相处,善于应酬。
    弱点:有嫉妒心,轻浮散漫,性情多变,略缺诚信。
    9. Personality of people born in the Year of the Monkey
    ① Aggressive, fond of competition;
    ② Versatile, with multiple skills;
    ③ With a little vanity, fond of romantic life, free from restraint;
    ④ Gets along well with others, good at entertaining others.
    Weaknesses: Jealousy, undisciplined, with volatile temperament, a little
lack of integrity.
    10、属鸡人的性格
    ①精力充沛,善于言谈;
    ②调查研究,讲究效率;
    ③果断、敏锐、好表现自己;
    ④勇往直前,心强好胜,总想一鸣惊人。
    弱点:脾气古怪,爱争善辩,固执已见,稍微自私。
    10. Personality of people born in the Year of the Rooster
    ① Energetic, good at conversation;
    ② Good at investigation and research, paying attention to efficiency;
    ③ Sharp, fond of showing off;
    ④ Decisive, aggressive, and always wanting to be an overnight success.
    Weaknesses: Eccentric, eloquent, fond of argument, intransigent, a little
selfish.
                    
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发表于 2017-8-7 02:47:15 | 显示全部楼层
    11、属狗人的性格
    ①意志坚定,忠实可靠;
    ②正义、公平、敏捷;
    ③聪明、有见识,有条理;
    ④受人所用,能听话吃苦,注重现实。
    弱点:有时急躁,有盲目倾向,顽固,不计后果, 防止被人因小利而亡大义。
    11. Personality of people born in the Year of the Dog
    ① Strong-willed, loyal and reliable;
    ② With justice, fairness, agility;
    ③ Smart, knowledgeable, organized;
    ④ Useful to others, being able to listen to others and endure hardship,
paying attention to reality.
    Weaknesses: Sometimes impatient, with tendency towards blind action,
stubborn, reckless, should keep away from being utilized for trivial interest
without righteous cause.
    12、属猪人的性格
    ①真挚、诚实、有同情心;
    ②精力旺盛,待人诚实;
    ③专心致志,凡事热心;
    ④信任别人,开朗乐观。
    弱点:易动感情,固执保守,目光短浅,有时脾气不稳。
    12. Personality of people born in the Year of the Pig
    ① Sincere, honest, compassionate;
    ② Energetic, honest;
    ③ Dedicated, always enthusiastic;
    ④ Trusting others, optimistic, cheerful.
    Weaknesses: Passionate, stubborn, conservative, shortsighted, and sometimes
suffering unstable temper.
    翻译不是单纯逐字逐句的同比相译,它需要针对不同的国家、地域、风俗、行业等有不同的规则和译法,而这些都需要大家通过阅读和练习来总结和积累,要提高自己的翻译水平就必须要读、做、积,希望每一位备战翻译硕士的考生都能够认真执行,预祝大家2015年考研成功!
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