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2017考研英语阅读常见题型总结(上)

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发表于 2016-6-26 12:50:29 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  考研英语一直是我们复习的重中之重,而阅读理解却是我们在复习2017考研英语时最难把握的,因此,只要掌握好了阅读理解的复习思路和做题方法,成功就在咫尺了。下面文都教育的老师给大家介绍下2017考研英语阅读怎么复习。
  我们把考研阅读的题目分成以下几种题型,分别是:例证题、指代题、词汇题、句子理解题、推理题和主旨题。这期我们主要探讨下前三种题型。
  例证题
  1、例证题的标记:当题干中出现example, case, illustrate, illustration, exemplify时。
  2、返回原文,找出该例证所在的位置,既给该例子定位。
  3、搜索该例证周围的区域,90%向上,10%向下,找出该例证支持的观点。例子周围具有概括抽象性的表达通常就是它的论点。
  例如:【2007年阅读试题】Text 1
  If you were to examine the birth certificates of every soccer player in 2006’s World Cup tournament, you would most likely find a noteworthy quirk: elite soccer players are more likely to have been born in the earlier months of the year than in the later months. If you then examined the European national youth teams that feed the World Cup and professional ranks, you would find this strange phenomenon to be even more pronounced.
  21. The birthday phenomenon found among soccer players is mentioned to .
  [A] stress the importance of professional training
  [B] spotlight the soccer superstars in the World Cup
  [C] introduce the topic of what makes expert performance
  [D] explain why some soccer teams play better than others
  指代题
  1、返回原文,找出出题的指代词。
  2、向上搜索,找最近的名词、名词性短语或句子(先从最近点开始找,找不到再找次近的,一般答案不会离得太远)
  3、将找到的词、词组或句子的意思代入替换该指代词,看其意思是否通顺。
  例如:【2013年阅读试题】Text 2
  In December 2010 America’s Federal Trade Commission (FTC) proposed adding a “do not track” (DNT) option to internet browsers, so that users could tell advertisers that they did not want to be followed. Microsoft’s Internet Explorer and Apple’s Safari both offer DNT; Google’s Chrome is due to do so this year. In February the FTC and the Digital Advertising Alliance (DAA) agreed that the industry would get cracking on responding to DNT requests.
  27. “The industry” (Para.3) refers to .
  [A] online advertisers
  [B] e-commerce conductors
  [C] digital information analysts
  [D] internet browser developers
  词汇题
  “搜索代入”法
  1、返回原文,找出该词汇出现的地方
  2、确定该词汇的词性
  3、从上下文(词汇的前后几句)中找到与所给词汇具有相同词性的词(如一下子找不到就再往上往下找),代入所给词汇在文章中的位置(将之替换)看语义是否合适。
  4、找出选项中与代替词意思相同或相近的选相,即答案。
  People in earlier eras were surrounded by reminders of misery. They worked until exhausted, lived with few protections and died young. In the West, before mass communication and literacy, the most powerful mass medium was the church, which reminded worshippers that their souls were in danger and that they would someday be meat for worms. Given all this,they did not exactly need their art to be a bummer too.
  例如:【2006年阅读试题】Text 4
  37. The word “bummer” (Para.5) most probably means something .
  [A] religious
  [B] unpleasant
  [C] entertaining
  [D] commercial
  通过上面的分析,希望大家能够对阅读理解有一个整体的把握,这样才能有的放矢。后面文都老师还会对其他三种题型具体讲解,希望大家一直关注文都教育。我们竭诚为大家的2017考研英语复习努力,愿意与大家一起携手,共谋考研大计。
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